The Unusual Way Australia Was Founded – Documentary [w/ subs]



00:00:05 – welcome to convict Sydney New South
00:00:07 – Wales in these 1790s think of this as a
00:00:10 – pretty cruel and hopeless place a
00:00:13 – dumping ground for the prisoners from
00:00:15 – Britain's overcrowded jails but people
00:00:17 – were miserable most of the time but
00:00:20 – that's not the whole story
00:00:22 – New South Wales became a radical
00:00:25 – experiment in giving robes thieves and
00:00:28 – adventurers a charm
00:00:31 – [Music]
00:00:39 – in 1790 the second fleet of English
00:00:43 – ships ever to go for the colony is on
00:00:45 – its way on board our lieutenant john
00:00:48 – macarthur his wife Elizabeth and their
00:00:50 – baby son they're on their way to begin a
00:00:54 – new life these are two very ambitious
00:00:57 – people
00:00:58 – [Music]
00:01:01 – in my last letter I informed you my dear
00:01:04 – mother of my husband's exchange to
00:01:07 – afford essence for the convict
00:01:09 – settlement of New South Wales from which
00:01:11 – we have every reasonable expectation of
00:01:14 – reaping the most material advantage
00:01:19 – a Kartha and Elizabeth have had to fight
00:01:22 – to get this far in life
00:01:24 – [Music]
00:01:25 – they demand more space and privacy as
00:01:28 – the fix their status
00:01:31 – but then the second fleet is the voyage
00:01:34 – from end
00:01:37 – it is run by private contractors who
00:01:40 – normally work the slave trade they're
00:01:43 – paid whether the convicts on board who
00:01:46 – are the main reason to the colony
00:01:47 – existing at all arrive dead or alive
00:01:52 – a porter died on the voyage
00:02:00 – it does nothing to sway them economies
00:02:05 – they are seeking their fortune at the
00:02:07 – farthest corner of the empire at God
00:02:10 – pity any man who gets in MacArthur's way
00:02:14 – [Music]
00:02:22 – the Sydney town that awaits has also
00:02:25 – been doing a tough a tiny population of
00:02:29 – a thousand people nearly starved waiting
00:02:32 – for seconds
00:02:33 – the MacArthur's arrived to a raw young
00:02:36 – community just over two years old made
00:02:39 – up mostly of convicts if the colony is
00:02:43 – ever to be more than a jail depended on
00:02:45 – supplies from Britain it needs free
00:02:48 – settlers like the MacArthur's to make it
00:02:51 – self-sufficient in the meantime
00:02:58 – lieutenant MacArthur has come to join
00:03:01 – these men for soldiers of the New South
00:03:03 – Wales Corps the troops sent to protect
00:03:06 – the colony and we couldn't have timed
00:03:08 – extension the Corps will soon be left in
00:03:11 – charge when the colonies found in Gaza
00:03:13 – is recalled to England
00:03:18 – you know in the years that follow
00:03:22 – MacArthur and his fellow officers seized
00:03:25 – the opportunity left by the official
00:03:27 – vacuum to make their fortunes as a
00:03:30 – member of the Corps MacArthur is
00:03:32 – entitled to a hundred acres of farmland
00:03:35 – with convicts free of charge to work it
00:03:38 – before he's finished he and Elizabeth
00:03:41 – will have a great deal more their farm
00:03:46 – and those of the other corps members now
00:03:49 – deliver the produce needed to make the
00:03:51 – colony's self-sufficient a huge step
00:03:54 – forward in giving the colony a future
00:03:57 – gradually the other smaller settlers
00:04:00 – many of them ex-convicts catch up as
00:04:02 – well New South Wales is becoming more of
00:04:05 – a farming community than a jail for all
00:04:08 – flags but all the farming land has to
00:04:15 – come from where the short answer is from
00:04:18 – the aboriginals as the white settlers
00:04:21 – take up more land across the 1790s the
00:04:24 – Aborigines fight back no one's asked the
00:04:27 – land is simply taken
00:04:33 – by contrast MacArthur has good relations
00:04:36 – with the local drag people through
00:04:39 – careful negotiations he avoids the
00:04:41 – violence and the tropics affecting other
00:04:43 – farmers but MacArthur is anything but
00:04:53 – diplomatic with this man in 1800
00:04:56 – governor Phillip Gidley King arrives to
00:04:59 – find a colony spiraling out of control
00:05:04 – despite the progress made with farming
00:05:06 – the colony is awash with hard liquor
00:05:11 – over the last 10 years
00:05:13 – the Corps have made a fortune importing
00:05:16 – rum they purchased an incredible seven
00:05:19 – and a half thousand gallons of the stuff
00:05:21 – and sell it on a great profit the run
00:05:25 – core as they will become known even use
00:05:28 – spirits as a form of currency themes of
00:05:31 – gruntin and licentious behavior become
00:05:34 – renewal King is a poor and determined to
00:05:39 – assert control he outlaws the officers
00:05:42 – trading run and encourages other forms
00:05:45 – of pay like kings fight with the rum
00:05:57 – Corps brings him into direct
00:05:59 – confrontation with John MacArthur King
00:06:04 – shows his colors when he calls the
00:06:05 – rancor hamsters and sides of the spittle
00:06:08 – so our money
00:06:09 – well MacArthur is livid he and his
00:06:12 – fellow officers will not be told off by
00:06:13 – some jumped-up government especially one
00:06:16 – from the Navy and he announces that the
00:06:18 – officers will boycott the government
00:06:20 – house
00:06:21 – and that leads to this MacArthur
00:06:25 – challenging his own commanding officer
00:06:27 – Colonel pets to do
00:06:29 – Patterson's crime telling macaques to
00:06:32 – show the governor some respect you will
00:06:41 – rot and die by Valen for this mu sir I'm
00:06:48 – no sir to treat me with a blackest
00:06:51 – treachery I demand a court-martial in
00:06:53 – London point of honour Oh for heaven's
00:06:54 – sake excellent you were bound for London
00:06:56 – forthwith MacArthur is into England but
00:07:06 – the court-martial collapses after all
00:07:08 – the paperwork is rather conveniently
00:07:10 – lost at sea and he deftly brings the
00:07:13 – matter to a close by resigning from the
00:07:15 – Army
00:07:16 – [Music]
00:07:22 – but London is a big fat opportunity for
00:07:26 – McArthur and he makes the most of it
00:07:28 – far from slinking around the streets and
00:07:31 – disgrace he lobbies the government to
00:07:33 – support a scheme to make the Australian
00:07:35 – colony a major wall producer he wants
00:07:39 – land and plenty office MacArthur but Sir
00:07:47 – Joseph Banks it but it almost comes
00:07:51 – unstuck when he meets one of white
00:07:53 – Australia's founding fathers their talk
00:07:56 – will be the first small fed to the rum
00:07:59 – rebellion I was surprised to see you
00:08:02 – didn't bid for the trivia gram no no I
00:08:04 – like a keeper full on a face and a hard
00:08:06 – son in Australia as you well know indeed
00:08:08 – I do I assume your intention is to take
00:08:10 – your purchases back to Australia
00:08:13 – immediately if that is the case you may
00:08:16 – well be unaware there is an act of
00:08:18 – Parliament that forbids the exportation
00:08:20 – of English live sheep from these shores
00:08:24 – never heard of such a thing but I'd be
00:08:26 – prepared to help you around this Trebek
00:08:29 – and why would you want to do this I'm
00:08:31 – interested to see the colony prosper
00:08:33 – well there's only one thing I'm
00:08:34 – interested in seeing prosper and I can
00:08:36 – do it without your help
00:08:39 – perhaps you're right
00:08:41 – Nativity there's unsuitable for New
00:08:43 – South Wales I do hope however that the
00:08:45 – people of the colony share one of its
00:08:47 – qualities oh yes there's no fear of the
00:08:50 – wool being pulled over times a b**** of
00:08:55 – a day sir
00:08:58 – he can't help himself Kenny McArthur
00:09:01 – picks up the corridors of power and no
00:09:04 – less a personage than the Secretary of
00:09:06 – State for the colonies your encoder
00:09:09 – would suggest it if the talk of
00:09:10 – Whitehall
00:09:11 – I have no idea why I exist if you would
00:09:13 – he's can't barely against the size of
00:09:15 – your granite words cost you dearly my
00:09:18 – friend he is detailing to see the size
00:09:20 – of your land grant produced an ask for
00:09:23 – his help several years ago and was
00:09:25 – refused nah without explanation or
00:09:27 – forewarning approaches me in a public
00:09:28 – place and into the food really I can't
00:09:32 – see how my affairs or anything still in
00:09:34 – then you've been otherwise that when
00:09:36 – things don't turn out the way you plan
00:09:40 – suggestive regards the Antipodes
00:09:42 – assistant mainly see it take it to you
00:09:44 – very seriously they seek out his advice
00:09:47 – and dare I say it used to take that
00:09:51 – could lure the old balls in the country
00:09:53 – thirty years against all King aru's and
00:09:57 – Sanders indeed however he says my land
00:10:02 – grant to you of 10,000 acres seems
00:10:04 – overly generous there are many who agree
00:10:08 – with him and they say you fellows
00:10:10 – control too much already give the small
00:10:13 – settlers and ex-convicts a chance
00:10:16 – absolutely but he's done I'll kiss yes
00:10:19 – in time it will be done at the moment
00:10:23 – would you object to taking five thousand
00:10:26 – acres at first on the understanding that
00:10:28 – you will receive the other five thousand
00:10:30 – acres on the completion of your
00:10:31 – undertaking if that is the way it has to
00:10:36 – be Lord Camden that is the way it has to
00:10:38 – be
00:10:45 – back in Sydney
00:10:47 – poor old governor King can't believe he
00:10:50 – sent MacArthur to London in disgrace for
00:10:52 – a court-martial and the rogue comes back
00:10:55 – with a land grant for 5000 acres King
00:10:59 – returns to England a bitter and a
00:11:01 – disappointed man to add insult to injury
00:11:09 – Lord Camden even gave MacArthur some
00:11:13 – prized merino sheep from no lesser
00:11:15 – source than the royal flocks he claims
00:11:18 – the colonies best grazing land known as
00:11:21 – the cow pastures it has been protected
00:11:24 – by previous governors for the use of
00:11:26 – cattle that might see the colony in
00:11:27 – times of need but MacArthur ignores
00:11:30 – protests and takes the pastures for
00:11:32 – himself
00:11:33 – [Music]
00:11:40 – [Music]
00:11:45 – in 1806 governor william bligh set sail
00:11:49 – for new south wales a man that will turn
00:11:52 – the colony on its head and change its
00:11:55 – destiny forever the Captain Bligh of the
00:11:58 – infamous mutiny on the bounty
00:12:00 – Bligh is an officer of great ability but
00:12:03 – terrible temper a commander who has
00:12:06 – turned a loyal men into rebels
00:12:09 – accompanied by his daughter Mary cutland
00:12:11 – Bligh is on a mission to sort out a
00:12:14 – troublesome colony an appointment
00:12:16 – encouraged by no less than MacArthur's
00:12:18 – old adversary so Joseph Banks when Bligh
00:12:26 – arrived in New South Wales the settler
00:12:29 – population is up to about 7,000 people
00:12:32 – only one-fifth the convicts under
00:12:34 – sentence the rest a rabble of military
00:12:37 – free settlers and ex-con works splice
00:12:41 – Lee's Sydney as a physical and
00:12:43 – administrative mess he believes that he
00:12:46 – is the very man to knock it and the
00:12:48 – rancor into shape smiling perhaps
00:12:52 – because bailable I could from opposite
00:12:55 – ex-convicts unruly officers like to
00:12:58 – learn lesson
00:13:04 – fly sets to work immediately he tries to
00:13:08 – end the rum economy by prohibiting the
00:13:11 – use of spirits as barter but the real
00:13:13 – battle is about land this is part fun
00:13:19 – mr. McArthur I'm not disturbing you
00:13:22 – government understand has been some talk
00:13:24 – about the land granted to be my lord
00:13:26 – camp now I was originally offered ten
00:13:28 – thousand acres half of which I've
00:13:30 – accepted and we that have been doing my
00:13:31 – utmost to create wealth for this colony
00:13:40 – the area is called the cow pastures for
00:13:43 – good reasons a herd of wild cattle
00:13:45 – established itself there and government
00:13:47 – King didn't want them driven off yes
00:13:49 – well I had this out with the governor
00:13:50 – before he left my boundaries have been
00:13:52 – decided he would not be good practice to
00:13:54 – disturb the Sheep if I to do with your
00:13:56 – sheet sir what am I to do with your
00:13:58 – cattle you have such flocks of sheep and
00:14:00 – herds of cattle as no man ever before no
00:14:03 – sir I know your concern sir you've got
00:14:05 – five thousand acres of land sir in the
00:14:07 – finest situation in the country but by
00:14:09 – God you shall keep their analogy so that
00:14:11 – land was granted to me by recommendation
00:14:13 – of the Privy Council by order of the
00:14:14 – drooping Portland dam the Secretary of
00:14:16 – State he commands at home I command here
00:14:18 – well it would not be my choice to seek
00:14:20 – redress through the law and the law my
00:14:23 – will is the law
00:14:29 – and it's here that our story of the rum
00:14:32 – rebellion takes a turn now MacArthur is
00:14:35 – the owner of a ship called the
00:14:37 – Parramatta and it's about to get him
00:14:39 – into trouble the colony has a law that
00:14:41 – says that any ship owner who allows a
00:14:43 – convict to escape forfeit a bond of
00:14:46 – eight hundred pounds now this is a
00:14:49 – whopping amount of money and a convict
00:14:52 – has escaped while the Parramatta was in
00:14:55 – Tahiti when it sails back into Sydney
00:14:58 – MacArthur wriggled out of trouble by
00:15:00 – renouncing his share in the vessel
00:15:03 – leaving the captain and his crew
00:15:05 – destitute when the captain comes to
00:15:07 – Bligh looking for help it's clear he's
00:15:10 – come to the wrong man
00:15:11 – god no sir my names are Captain John
00:15:14 – going on skipper the parent I know who
00:15:16 – you ice I've been a week out in the cove
00:15:19 – hope to it does no pity what does that
00:15:21 – matter than me you look a prisoner from
00:15:23 – here and releasing God knows where I
00:15:25 – never sir it was all done behind me back
00:15:27 – there mr. MacArthur's designed us and
00:15:29 – we're all sitting out there rocking with
00:15:30 – mounted a skill medicine you scurvy
00:15:32 – swine
00:15:33 – now get your useless car goes out of my
00:15:35 – sight
00:15:38 – [Music]
00:15:40 – blinders teams have caught their fish
00:15:43 – the Judge Advocate Richard Adkins issues
00:15:46 – of summons
00:15:47 – accusing McArthur of abandoning his crew
00:15:50 – forcing them to come ashore illegally
00:15:52 – and when MacArthur fails to respond
00:15:55 – Ekans issues our warrant and MacArthur's
00:15:58 – arrest drama Carver will unify in the
00:16:03 – strokes I have a warrant for your arrest
00:16:13 – hmm Stokes you will inform the persons
00:16:22 – who have sent you with this warrant
00:16:24 – which I now have a copy of that I will
00:16:27 – never submit to the tyranny attempted
00:16:29 – until I am forced through this loathing
00:16:34 – and contempt to find people that whole
00:16:35 – souls who have directed it to execute do
00:16:38 – you understand that you tell them this
00:16:42 – warrant can only be meant as an insult
00:16:45 – to me no they will probably be angry
00:16:46 – with you for disappointing their
00:16:47 – expectations but you may tell them in
00:16:49 – your excuse but I am a sort of gentleman
00:16:51 – you do not much like to force into
00:16:53 – anything and that if they send you with
00:16:54 – another warrant they should provide you
00:16:56 – with an armed force because I looked in
00:16:58 – a desperate
00:16:58 – Yoma
00:17:10 – the next day on the roads of Sydney
00:17:13 – Oakes is waylaid by MacArthur's 18 year
00:17:15 – old son Edward sent by his mother to
00:17:18 – relieve the Chief Constable of a damning
00:17:20 – note Oakes refuses to hand it over
00:17:24 – it's evidence of sedition and rival for
00:17:27 – Court mean Bligh is tearing down
00:17:32 – people's houses some of the soldiers and
00:17:35 – other centres have built houses in the
00:17:37 – centre of a town which was supposed to
00:17:39 – begin to put public space previous
00:17:42 – governors have turned a blind eye but
00:17:44 – not live and he doesn't care who many
00:17:47 – friends now Bly is determined to remodel
00:17:51 – parts of the town especially the area
00:17:53 – around Government House
00:17:54 – he literally sends in the Heavy Brigade
00:17:56 – Chuck's people out and pulls the houses
00:17:58 – down all in the name of the public good
00:18:01 – [Applause]
00:18:05 – but Bly does have supporters many of
00:18:09 – these smaller segments living in the
00:18:11 – Hawkesbury River area north of Sydney
00:18:12 – are more than happy to see the core and
00:18:15 – their friends brought down a peg or two
00:18:17 – helping to make the colony a fairer
00:18:20 – place it has been one of Lies main
00:18:22 – objectives your decision I've broken the
00:18:32 – officers monopoly on rum I stood up to
00:18:36 – their greed for land and I do believe
00:18:39 – that people acknowledge that very
00:18:43 – convicts they do as they're told
00:18:47 – indeed but one day these lands will be
00:18:52 – covered with farms with ordinary folk
00:18:55 – and prosper d*** MacArthur
00:19:02 – Bly is right the colony is fast leaving
00:19:06 – its convict origins behind at a sea
00:19:09 – captain's dream of Hamlet's and
00:19:11 – hedgerows an honest simple folk is a
00:19:14 – fantasy in the industrial revolution the
00:19:18 – giant Mills of England are hungry for
00:19:20 – wool delivered by the ship load our
00:19:22 – kartha knows that the future belongs to
00:19:25 – men of property like him
00:19:30 – the next fight will be about a fence Bly
00:19:34 – is resuming land in Sydney Town he says
00:19:37 – was wrongly allocated to settlers by
00:19:39 – previous governors but at the section is
00:19:42 – fenced in but not for you come to take
00:19:46 – my fence down have you I have sir by
00:19:48 – order of the governor well as you can
00:19:50 – see it's there it's hardly in good
00:19:53 – condition my instructions are should any
00:19:55 – rail be fixed it will be my duty to take
00:19:57 – them down and that is what I will do sir
00:20:01 – by order of the governor firstly what I
00:20:12 – will do sir
00:20:20 – the axe is laid to the root the tree
00:20:24 – will fall but MacArthur has no intention
00:20:31 – of falling anywhere he's seen governor's
00:20:35 – come and go and he knows back in Britain
00:20:37 – there are rumblings about how much power
00:20:40 – a governor should have anyway in England
00:20:43 – one of the most powerful advocates of
00:20:45 – democracy it Jeremy Bentham and he's in
00:20:48 – no doubt but the governors of New South
00:20:49 – Wales are a pack of despots the governor
00:20:54 – issues a proclamation
00:20:55 – whoever defines me I will punish and how
00:20:59 – shall this miscreant be tried why by a
00:21:01 – court appointed by the governor himself
00:21:03 – this is not law this is the basest act
00:21:07 – of despotism its thoughts like these
00:21:10 – that move men to rebellion of major
00:21:12 – George Johnston the commander of the New
00:21:14 – South Wales Corps has no stomach so
00:21:17 – easily talking donkeys lose their
00:21:20 – glasses she took the poor little
00:21:22 – thousand two hundred pieces tore them
00:21:24 – down in front of his crying yes memory
00:21:28 – paying orders to an entity in the
00:21:31 – minister mountain it failed Navy a
00:21:34 – bounty ferret sake he is treated the
00:21:38 – army with nothing but contempt the men
00:21:41 – are ready to tear him to pieces
00:21:46 – now I'm talking about honor we may have
00:21:50 – started out a penal colony goodbye go I
00:21:52 – will not be a prisoner to this person on
00:21:58 – the 25th of January 1890
00:22:01 – MacArthur appears in the criminal court
00:22:03 – on charges of sedition over the
00:22:05 – parameter ship incident and the
00:22:06 – resisting arrest on the bench for six
00:22:10 – officers of the New South Wales Corps
00:22:12 – and the judge advocate Richard Atkins
00:22:14 – the officers act as magistrates hearing
00:22:17 – the case what follows is a shambles
00:22:21 – orchestrated by John MacArthur I propose
00:22:26 – to read the indictment against John
00:22:27 – McArthur Esquire would the defendant
00:22:31 – please rise
00:22:32 – I stand only to object most strenuously
00:22:37 – to the presence of you sitting in
00:22:39 – judgment of me mr. McArthur would you
00:22:43 – please be quiet and allow me to read the
00:22:45 – indictment against you no sir I will not
00:22:48 – you will sir
00:22:50 – sit down and shut up I propose the judge
00:22:53 – advocate shut up and let mr. McArthur
00:22:55 – vegies mind without interruption
00:23:06 – gentlemen I don't observe the stand
00:23:09 – before you neither day indeed no man
00:23:10 – deserves to be treated as I have been
00:23:12 – treated I stand here the victim of
00:23:16 – vicious and cruel designs by man of evil
00:23:19 – mind indeed despite my cleanings I still
00:23:22 – not been able to read charges laid
00:23:24 – against me they've only just been grown
00:23:26 – up yes precisely concocted the eleventh
00:23:29 – hour by the convict George crossly aided
00:23:31 – by this whole true no judge the Advocate
00:23:35 – who having accused me now presumes to
00:23:39 – sit in judgment of me that's the Judge
00:23:46 – Advocate has long acted both as my judge
00:23:50 – of my prosecutor and it goes without
00:23:52 – saying that he is very interested in
00:23:55 – obtaining a verdict against me what's he
00:23:59 – talking about some time ago MacArthur
00:24:01 – brought a promise ring out of another
00:24:03 – settler an IOU signed by had comes and
00:24:06 – he's kept it all this time – just this
00:24:09 – eventualities which I am prepared to pay
00:24:14 – but you sir are demanding interest this
00:24:18 – Court is now adjourned this turn is
00:24:22 – indebted to me and yet despite my
00:24:26 – entreaties refuses to honor a promissory
00:24:29 – note held in my favour
00:24:39 – now MacArthur takes the stage and the
00:24:42 – masterful piece of political spin
00:24:44 – denounces Bligh's autocratic rule you
00:24:49 – have the eyes of an anxious public upon
00:24:52 – you
00:24:53 – friendly to the safety their
00:24:57 – profitability or their lives to you has
00:25:05 – fallen a lot of deciding a point which
00:25:08 – perhaps involves the happiness or misery
00:25:12 – means millions New South Wales has only
00:25:18 – seven thousand white people in it but it
00:25:21 – sounds good it is the officers of the
00:25:24 – New South Wales Corps to whom the
00:25:26 – administration of justice is committed
00:25:29 – and who that he's just as anything too
00:25:34 – great
00:25:36 – [Applause]
00:25:41 – the magistrate send a message to
00:25:43 – governor Bly demanding that he find a
00:25:46 – replacement that comes all they will
00:25:48 – appoint someone themselves in the space
00:25:51 – of a morning
00:25:51 – MacArthur has reduced the colony's court
00:25:54 – system to a fast new south wales is on
00:25:58 – its way to a military rebellion they
00:26:01 – said the most powerful things about you
00:26:03 – sir and we didn't spare me either and
00:26:05 – their eyes they wouldn't let me speak
00:26:08 – and they refused to deliver up my court
00:26:11 – papers how do they get I left them
00:26:13 – behind sir
00:26:14 – buddy soon MacArthur and his cronies
00:26:21 – will do nothing without catching a plot
00:26:22 – first it's an outrage surely they
00:26:24 – wouldn't dream of such ugly oh they
00:26:26 – would dream of a governor they would
00:26:27 – dream it wide awake while talking to
00:26:29 – your face we'll start with the
00:26:34 – magistrates I'll dismiss them every
00:26:36 – officer on that b**** I'll throw them in
00:26:38 – irons see how they judge that while a
00:26:42 – rebel magistrates wait for an answer
00:26:44 – from governor Bly he called on the
00:26:46 – military commander major George Johnston
00:26:48 – to intervene but there appears to have
00:26:51 – been a slight accident what does he
00:26:53 – gamble me he is unable to see you sir he
00:26:56 – said it would endanger his life did he
00:26:57 – explain him enough ten years injuries
00:26:59 – his leg I think oh he writes with his
00:27:01 – foot dully he does with brucer he fell
00:27:04 – out of his carriage going home last
00:27:05 – night what he was on his way home from
00:27:07 – the cause missed dinner and he seems to
00:27:09 – have taken a tumble walk like the case
00:27:11 – of drink driving or maybe just a very
00:27:13 – convenient excuse he fell out of his gig
00:27:15 – sir what in blazes neither do my call
00:27:19 – commander is making me pay for enjoying
00:27:21 – himself too much do you think I would
00:27:23 – suffer such d*** little insolently seems
00:27:25 – most determined not to see you
00:27:26 – excellency
00:27:33 – cleitus doesn't get us johnson's absence
00:27:37 – is omnis within 24 hours of MacArthur's
00:27:41 – trial collapsing this tiny community has
00:27:45 – been pushed to the brink of a military
00:27:48 – coup Bly now charges the rebel
00:27:51 – magistrates officers and the Johnston's
00:27:54 – own command with treason a crime
00:27:58 – punishable by death
00:27:59 – the governor is now set on a collision
00:28:02 – course with the New South Wales Corps
00:28:03 – with the numbers stacked massively
00:28:06 – against him Johnston is determined to
00:28:09 – regain control of the 800 very angry men
00:28:12 – under his command
00:28:14 – Bly inflames the situation by arresting
00:28:18 – McArthur and locking him in jail the
00:28:24 – events come to a head around 5:00 p.m.
00:28:26 – on the 26th of January 1808
00:28:29 – an anniversary we now celebrate as
00:28:31 – Australia Day Johnston meets the rebel
00:28:34 – magistrates is made is decir hold it
00:28:38 – hands gentlemen we have to block his
00:28:42 – path the horse bring the core in a fury
00:28:45 – years again while Captain Bligh has
00:28:48 – including on earth of the army and the
00:28:49 – men are talking mutiny we're together in
00:28:51 – this Bligh himself may try to mobilize
00:28:57 – his own supporters among the small
00:28:59 – settlers out on the Hawkesbury in
00:29:01 – defiance of life Johnston releases
00:29:04 – MacArthur from prison and takes control
00:29:06 – of the rebellion which is all rented Lee
00:29:08 – unfolding
00:29:11 – check your bag for Frank and expand it
00:29:19 – [Music]
00:29:21 – so no dialogue at the ordinary time in
00:29:31 – the space of just one and a half hours
00:29:34 – Johnston MacArthur and the Corps have
00:29:37 – made the momentous decision to march on
00:29:39 – government house and place blind under
00:29:42 – arrest
00:29:42 – government house is taken by surprise
00:29:46 – [Music]
00:29:50 – wailing get hoarse ready dumb upstairs
00:29:54 – help me with Mike
00:29:56 – [Music]
00:30:00 – it is only 700 meters from the main
00:30:03 – military barracks the government house
00:30:05 – fly has no time to escape covers
00:30:12 – laughing the main guard is out some
00:30:14 – priming and learning keeps us cool we
00:30:16 – don't observe what's going forward ever
00:30:19 – well it appears Robert Johnson seems to
00:30:23 – recital we're not doing good enough John
00:30:24 – whatever he might think governor he
00:30:26 – deserves a swing at the end of a rope
00:30:27 – ridiculous alone to buy time for her
00:30:31 – father Mary takes matters into her own
00:30:34 – hands
00:30:45 – [Music]
00:30:46 – Robert would you be so kind as to go and
00:30:48 – take care of things
00:30:51 – [Music]
00:31:03 – [Applause]
00:31:05 – [Music]
00:31:18 – [Music]
00:31:22 – good Isis fine delay them as long as you
00:31:25 – can
00:31:27 – [Music]
00:31:28 – I think
00:31:39 – [Music]
00:31:46 – [Music]
00:32:01 – [Applause]
00:32:05 – Bly tries to grab sensitive documents
00:32:08 – before escaping but the core have
00:32:10 – arrived too fast he's trapped four
00:32:13 – soldiers searched the house and its
00:32:15 – outbuildings for two hours and I can't
00:32:18 – find McArthur stays outside with the
00:32:41 – citizens of Sydney another leading
00:32:43 – businessmen like Gregory Blaxland and
00:32:45 – Simeon Lord I guess it doesn't do to
00:32:48 – look too much in control but he for me
00:32:57 – please Herbalife sir down the ice so
00:32:59 – we'll find him so just back upstairs
00:33:01 – again
00:33:10 – the soldiers make one last search of the
00:33:13 – house at first it's as frustrating and
00:33:16 – unrewarding as before but then they
00:33:19 – retrace their steps what's funny still
00:33:22 – that's my bedroom there's nothing in
00:33:27 – there but my bed
00:33:38 – [Music]
00:33:40 – I'd see
00:33:53 – [Music]
00:33:54 – we implies rain as governor of New South
00:33:57 – Wales is about to come to an end
00:34:01 – do net the governor's bound
00:34:07 – [Applause]
00:34:11 – [Music]
00:34:13 – then a moment when it could have gone
00:34:15 – horribly wrong mind you carry my weapon
00:34:19 – I will run you through these are men off
00:34:25 – by oh good guard will slaughter let it
00:34:31 – go now let us withdrawal gentlemen with
00:34:39 – antimatter underneath the bed come on
00:34:48 – I will safely see you downstairs if you
00:34:53 – will allow me
00:34:54 – will you take my answer Thank You worthy
00:34:58 – I'm perfectly safe with mr. Minchin
00:35:11 – [Music]
00:35:18 – whatever people think of bad-tempered
00:35:21 – governor Bligh
00:35:23 – he puts on a gutsy performance when he's
00:35:25 – arrested by the Corps but what feelings
00:35:28 – must consume
00:35:30 – here it is the dreadful business of
00:35:32 – mutiny just like the bounty all those
00:35:35 – years ago it's happening again
00:35:47 – and they didn't marry it was women cars
00:35:49 – you know
00:35:51 – but you expect to go about their
00:35:53 – business without provoking them they
00:35:56 – found you didn't marry you must let me
00:36:00 – deal with these men in my own way
00:36:02 – major Johnson wishes to speak with you
00:36:05 – this document purports to be a warrant
00:36:08 – issued by the men of property the idea
00:36:10 – is to make the overthrow of lie look
00:36:12 – legal you are charged by the respectable
00:36:17 – inhabitants with crimes which render you
00:36:22 – unfit to exercise supreme authority in
00:36:28 – this colony for a moment longer
00:36:31 – signed George Johnston acting lieutenant
00:36:38 – Calvin Johnson calls himself acting
00:36:41 – lieutenant governor because he wants to
00:36:43 – make it clear this is not a rebellion
00:36:45 – against London or the crown he knows
00:36:47 – that if back home they see this says
00:36:49 – treason all these blokes could hang the
00:36:52 – author of the document is John MacArthur
00:36:54 – will you can see why he doesn't want to
00:36:56 – take the credit but you're to be
00:36:58 – congratulated later for the handsome
00:37:01 – manner in which you carry the wishes of
00:37:02 – the inhabitants into effect and I know
00:37:06 – there are so much it's like I would have
00:37:07 – left the colony on the first available
00:37:08 – ship I'm putting you under arrest by the
00:37:10 – advice of my office's a devil commanded
00:37:14 – you submit to this arrest under which
00:37:15 – I'm placing you there's a guard in all
00:37:19 – four corners of the house outside the
00:37:21 – grounds no visitors for the governor and
00:37:24 – if they have prior permission so tasse
00:37:28 – posts another visitors
00:37:36 – now the spinning staff sergeant Whittle
00:37:40 – pays an artist to render in oils by
00:37:43 – being dragged from under the bed the the
00:37:45 – very image of a coward and the rebels
00:37:48 – set the picture up in front of lanthanum
00:37:50 – for all the worlds and it doesn't matter
00:37:52 – the fly could scarcely have splitted
00:37:55 – under that servants bed this picture
00:37:57 – becomes the image of the run rebellion
00:38:00 – and one of the most famous pieces of
00:38:01 – propaganda in Australian history lies
00:38:04 – reputation never recovers the knife
00:38:11 – after the coup the town goes mad people
00:38:15 – like bonfires and burn effigies of Bly
00:38:18 – they roast lamb on spit and drink
00:38:21 – themselves chili
00:38:22 – cheering and toasting the leaders of the
00:38:24 – rebellion well after all that what
00:38:30 – happened surprisingly little really
00:38:33 – there'd been no revolution those
00:38:35 – storming of the Bastille a whole point
00:38:38 – had been to get rid of Bligh and with
00:38:41 – Bligh and his daughter safely under
00:38:43 – house arrest people just got back to
00:38:45 – their normal lives with the rancor and
00:38:47 – McArthur pretty much back in control but
00:38:51 – then a development that MacArthur hadn't
00:38:53 – counted on a full year after the
00:38:56 – rebellion Colonel Patterson comes back
00:38:59 – from Tasmania to assume command of the
00:39:02 – cordon
00:39:03 – this is Hedison of the duel and he
00:39:06 – hadn't forgotten the wounds that he
00:39:08 – received from MacArthur he at least
00:39:10 – believes that something should be done
00:39:13 – he packs Johnston off to London to face
00:39:15 – court-martial and MacArthur follows
00:39:18 – believing that he can influence events
00:39:20 – and pull a few strings
00:39:22 – having deposed a governor these two men
00:39:25 – are now law-abiding citizens ready to
00:39:27 – face their day in court in 1810 a new
00:39:34 – governor arrives he is Lieutenant
00:39:36 – Colonel Lachlan Macquarie Bligh is
00:39:39 – expecting to be reinstated as governor
00:39:41 – instead he has been replaced why didn't
00:39:45 – they just give you a temporary
00:39:46 – Commission
00:39:47 – I committed no crime it was not my
00:39:49 – decision I answered the call so to speak
00:39:52 – but why revoked my commission it's all
00:39:55 – calm our peace has been restored I
00:39:58 – barely got started I assume you intend
00:40:02 – to collect evidence for the court
00:40:03 – martial you of course must take all
00:40:06 – pains to present your case our going to
00:40:09 – show you that's precisely what I'll do
00:40:10 – I'll have them swinging by year's end I
00:40:13 – have instructed the Colonial Secretary
00:40:15 – to make himself available to assist with
00:40:17 – the collection of all the appropriate
00:40:19 – documents I've seen various members of
00:40:22 – the rebellion walking the streets what's
00:40:25 – to be the effect much will depend on the
00:40:27 – outcome of the court muscle that is
00:40:30 – earth to be held in Chains on a ship
00:40:31 – back home for those of English justice
00:40:41 – Londyn three years later and the only
00:40:44 – trial of the run rebellion finally it's
00:40:46 – underway the army court-martialed George
00:40:49 – Johnston for mutiny a hanging offense
00:40:52 – but Johnston is a sideshow the man
00:40:55 – really on trial is Bly desperate to
00:40:58 – justify his own behavior as governor and
00:41:00 – exposed John MacArthur as the man
00:41:03 – responsible I would wish to ask this
00:41:07 – witness whether in all the instances
00:41:09 – that maybe Dean causes mutiny there was
00:41:13 – any one instance where he was not
00:41:15 – concerned directly either as principal
00:41:18 – or party I don't exactly understand the
00:41:22 – question I can see the arrest was
00:41:24 – occasioned by the drill he was
00:41:25 – entertained at the six officers being
00:41:27 – sent to jail and the resentment would
00:41:29 – have been excited amongst the soldiers
00:41:30 – and the inhabitants the dreaded an
00:41:32 – insurrection such were my own motives
00:41:34 – this is not what my question goes but to
00:41:37 – ascertain whether there were any other
00:41:39 – causes that produce the in Zurich none
00:41:42 – who do not answer in haste it seems that
00:41:46 – the first cause for grievance is the
00:41:49 – detention of that ship of yours and the
00:41:51 – forfeiture of 800 pounds the next is
00:41:55 – about a post that was taken away from
00:41:58 – your round and these seem to be the
00:42:00 – principal part of all the causes of the
00:42:02 – revolution if all those things I have no
00:42:05 – doubt caused great dissatisfaction but
00:42:07 – I'd ever heard then assigned as reasons
00:42:09 – for the government's arrest nor any
00:42:10 – other reason to sign other than the
00:42:12 – dread of insurrection were you not with
00:42:15 – the troops on the 26th of June and did
00:42:18 – you not as they marked up the government
00:42:21 – house give directions to several of the
00:42:23 – men and particularly immunity no no no I
00:42:26 – have no recollection of anything of the
00:42:28 – kind
00:42:28 – what's on the paper signed by most of
00:42:32 – the officers and several other persons
00:42:35 – requesting major Johnson to arrest the
00:42:38 – governor in your handwriting
00:42:41 – yes it's false
00:42:44 – where was a Britain and where I was
00:42:49 – informed that major Johnston had been
00:42:51 – owners of the urge to arrest the
00:42:53 – government I advised major Johnson to
00:42:58 – get a written requisition he acquiesced
00:43:01 – in it and I then immediately wrote the
00:43:04 – paper alluded to
00:43:12 – after 30 days of testimony major
00:43:15 – Johnston please rise it's time to end
00:43:19 – the story of the RAM rebellion and
00:43:20 – decide the price to be paid for
00:43:22 – Australia's only military coup the court
00:43:26 – having Julie and maturely weighed and
00:43:30 – considered the whole the evidence
00:43:32 – adduced on the prosecution as well as
00:43:36 – what has been offered in defense are of
00:43:40 – the opinion that major Johnson is guilty
00:43:42 – of the act of mutiny as described in the
00:43:46 – charge and to therefore sentence him to
00:43:50 – be cashiered
00:43:57 – which means they've sacked him from the
00:44:00 – army men found guilty of mutiny can find
00:44:03 – themselves dancing the end of a rope so
00:44:05 – the courts gone easy on Johnson
00:44:07 – he's now free to go back to New South
00:44:09 – Wales and his wife and kids
00:44:11 – really this verdict is a slap in the
00:44:14 – face of lye especially after his work so
00:44:16 – hard to nail McCarver a devastated life
00:44:22 – seeks comfort from his patron segoe civ
00:44:25 – banks
00:44:25 – I learned that kartha used his influence
00:44:28 – with Lord Campbell and Johnston has
00:44:31 – friends an estimable blows he'll be
00:44:33 – intriguing those into trouble people
00:44:34 – these days how everyone knows for
00:44:36 – Johnston was used a surgical instrument
00:44:38 – dipped in rum I'm told one of the judges
00:44:41 – was unable through ill health to attend
00:44:43 – on crucial days of judgments he wanted
00:44:46 – nothing less than the full measure of
00:44:48 – the law to be meted up did they read up
00:44:51 – my declaration yes I thought they should
00:44:53 – know some of the history before they
00:44:54 – start going me a coward hiding behind
00:44:56 – some d*** bed they need to know that I
00:44:59 – served with and was thank personally by
00:45:02 – Lord Nelson I know I know
00:45:04 – it was rare did the court entertain any
00:45:06 – motive for the outrage performed on me
00:45:08 – and the colony no they deemed it to be
00:45:11 – some father of folly we know why they
00:45:15 – did it we all know why they did it
00:45:19 – a few years later Bly dies a bitter man
00:45:23 – his reputation forever tarnished as a
00:45:25 – tyrant and the governor who hid under
00:45:28 – the bed and our man McArthur he too pays
00:45:33 – a price MacArthur is forced to stay in
00:45:36 – London when the authorities threatened
00:45:38 – to put him on trial if he returns to New
00:45:41 – South Wales it's eight years before he
00:45:44 – can return home to Elizabeth
00:45:45 – they now have thousands of Marino's and
00:45:49 – lead the way in an industry which will
00:45:51 – bring enormous prosperity to Australia
00:45:54 – but commandeer vast amounts of
00:45:57 – Aboriginal land MacArthur is not the man
00:46:02 – he was in his later years he'll go
00:46:05 – insane but not before his locked horns
00:46:07 – with yet another governor and left his
00:46:10 – indelible mark on the history of
00:46:12 – Australia
00:46:17 – the run rebellion is notable buttress
00:46:19 – violence but for the fact that no one
00:46:22 – got hurt
00:46:22 – in the absence of democracy the people
00:46:25 – of Sydney had changed the government
00:46:27 – which had become unacceptable it didn't
00:46:30 – uh sure in a new world order but it does
00:46:33 – show that many of the people had started
00:46:35 – to care about government ambition and
00:46:38 – justice they may have come here as ROS
00:46:41 – but they were starting to reinvent
00:46:43 – themselves as a nation the man who would
00:46:47 – drive that process dramatically further
00:46:49 – was blazed successor Governor Lachlan
00:46:52 – Macquarie requiring more than anyone saw
00:46:56 – the potential for Australia moving
00:46:58 – beyond its beginnings as a convict
00:47:00 – colony not just for the country but for
00:47:03 – the convicts themselves the quarry
00:47:05 – wanted to give the prisoners a fresh
00:47:07 – start he cleaned up Sydney and erected
00:47:10 – greatest buildings such as these and he
00:47:13 – made friends and colleagues of many
00:47:14 – ex-convicts and said locked them up with
00:47:17 – farms now Macquarie was no saint
00:47:20 – he was often vain and reckless with
00:47:21 – money but he realized a great truth that
00:47:24 – many of ex convicts and their children
00:47:27 – were no longer exiled this has become
00:47:29 – their home
00:47:33 – [Music]
00:47:37 – the comic settlement on the shores of
00:47:39 – Sydney Harbour is now three decades old
00:47:42 – and in this place of exile a great
00:47:45 – miracle is unfolding the children are
00:47:47 – growing up taller stronger and more
00:47:50 – sober than their convict mums and dads
00:47:52 – these boys and their sisters will soon
00:47:55 – be calling themselves Australian native
00:47:59 – youth generally fair blue eyes tall and
00:48:05 – developing a distinctive accent enough
00:48:10 – blooded convict the seemingly filled
00:48:14 – advices of their parents that they do
00:48:16 – not seem to know that place that life is
00:48:23 – commissioner big word has reached London
00:48:26 – that Governor Lachlan Macquarie has
00:48:28 – turned this prison into the convicts
00:48:30 – land of opportunity and bigs been sent
00:48:33 – here to investigate the people who
00:48:35 – really impress him are the exclusives a
00:48:38 – small group who've come here as free
00:48:40 – settlers or officers and done well
00:48:43 – people like the MacArthur this is your
00:48:46 – pride Marina most welcome here mr. B
00:48:49 – again you must treat our small farm as
00:48:51 – your home
00:48:52 – oh it's a fine place our quality merino
00:48:55 – quality marina steering is in the same
00:48:57 – legalish will never want for fine wool
00:48:59 – if we are given the resources here
00:49:02 – nothing miss land mr. big from nothing
00:49:05 – lifter that fool Macquarie good return
00:49:09 – for nothing perhaps we should go inside
00:49:10 – well I suspect it sure mr. big as a man
00:49:15 – after my own heart
00:49:16 – no believe answer Anna Corey has no
00:49:19 – respect for what we're doing here the
00:49:21 – bloodlines that we've produced nor the
00:49:23 – will but it can be created by king and
00:49:25 – country if we are given more land and
00:49:27 – convict labour oh you are not the first
00:49:29 – to say so
00:49:32 – swear that man is giving me gout mr.
00:49:34 – Bicks would you like some lemonade thank
00:49:36 – you so much you've seen the ships
00:49:37 – arriving sir ken filled with convicts in
00:49:39 – the past few months and we don't see
00:49:41 – them the Macquarie gets them for his
00:49:43 – government labor another boys right so
00:49:48 – this way mr. big don't tell me an
00:49:54 – ex-convict consider Maduri are not
00:49:57 – impartial how can maybe they will bring
00:49:59 – respectable people down to their level
00:50:02 – that is the context way Semin 800 Thank
00:50:06 – You particles the convicts have been
00:50:08 – less respectful under governor macquarie
00:50:09 – well it demanding their rights right
00:50:13 – right
00:50:14 – this colony needs an aristocracy just to
00:50:18 – keep it stable in a capital there is a
00:50:20 – dangerous Democratic feeling taking root
00:50:22 – here nip it in the bud oh now is that
00:50:29 – letter gone out to Wentworth yes papa
00:50:34 – it's a private letter a marriage
00:50:36 – proposal rejected unsuitable convict to
00:50:41 – stay no yes there's no no need to write
00:50:44 – it down mr. big likes what he hears
00:50:47 – Australia is a wool exporting country
00:50:50 – run by prosperous exclusives just the
00:50:53 – thing to keep a decent Britain safe from
00:50:55 – radicals and Democrats but bad news the
00:50:58 – Aborigines
00:51:02 – the original inhabitants the Aborigines
00:51:05 – are in crisis they haven't lost their
00:51:08 – lands and have been decimated by
00:51:10 – smallpox at sunset each day
00:51:15 – Sydney Aborigines can be seen crossing
00:51:18 – the harbour in front of Government House
00:51:20 – to the North Shore
00:51:21 – to find thick trees or hollow logs where
00:51:24 – they spend the night they still hunt and
00:51:27 – fish but white man's bread and grog are
00:51:30 – winning out as the colony progresses
00:51:34 – their situation will only get worse
00:51:45 – 10,000 miles away on the other side of
00:51:48 – the world in London the colonial born
00:51:51 – son of a convict WC Wentworth is
00:51:53 – studying law somehow Wentworth has also
00:51:59 – found time to write a major book it's a
00:52:02 – Travel Guide for migrants it's also a
00:52:04 – savage attack on Imperial rule in New
00:52:07 – South Wales my sole aim
00:52:11 – earlier my sole aim is to promote the
00:52:16 – welfare and prosperity of the country
00:52:19 – which gave me birth in England the old
00:52:22 – order of class and privilege is being
00:52:25 – challenged by radical Democrats like Tom
00:52:27 – Paine and Jeremy Bentham who argues that
00:52:30 – the good society is based on the
00:52:33 – greatest happiness of the greatest
00:52:34 – number free representative governments
00:52:38 – are the only foundation from which the
00:52:40 – prosperity and happiness of communities
00:52:43 – can safely repose
00:52:45 – [Music]
00:52:49 – Wentworth is not really a Democrat but
00:52:53 – he is the son of a convict and he
00:52:55 – reckons that his lot should have the
00:52:57 – same rights as any Freeborn Englishman
00:53:00 – so he's a huge supporter of the current
00:53:02 – governor Lachlan Macquarie a Macquarie
00:53:07 – is proud of what he's achieving 265
00:53:11 – projects built by convicts some even
00:53:14 – designed by a convict
00:53:16 – he's confident that bigs report will be
00:53:19 – he says highly honorable to my character
00:53:22 – but big has no time for Macquarie as
00:53:24 – good works he wants the words New South
00:53:27 – Wales to strike terror into the hearts
00:53:30 – of criminals back home and he condemns
00:53:32 – McQuarrie's public works program as
00:53:34 – absurd and it doesn't end there now your
00:53:38 – excellency you have a notion to appoint
00:53:41 – one mr. William Redfern to the bench of
00:53:43 – magistrates I've given him my word he
00:53:46 – will be appointed the appointment will
00:53:48 – give great offence the man is one of our
00:53:50 – finest surgeons if you appointed to the
00:53:52 – Magister see it might well be annulled
00:53:55 – put this in your notebook sir
00:53:57 – right right you come here to rightful
00:54:00 – right as senior surgeon Redfern
00:54:03 – initiated medical treatment for men on
00:54:05 – the convict gangs his reports on our
00:54:07 – transport ships has transformed the way
00:54:10 – we do things here he's worked tirelessly
00:54:12 – for the aborigines institution the
00:54:14 – benevolent society he's on the board of
00:54:16 – the b***** bank he's a convict which is
00:54:20 – why the colonial office with not
00:54:22 – appointed chief surgeon despite your
00:54:24 – recommendations he's done his time
00:54:27 – a convict cannot become a magistrate no
00:54:30 – place for such a man within the law
00:54:33 – Daniel narrow mind sir may I suggest
00:54:36 – your excellency that we continue our
00:54:38 – discussion at another time preferably in
00:54:41 – writing up
00:54:43 – on those streets there is industry and
00:54:46 – temperance I have seen convicts rise to
00:54:48 – take their place alongside fellow
00:54:50 – citizens and if you don't see any of
00:54:52 – that a new reporter in writing your
00:54:56 – excellency I think that would be best
00:55:00 – Biggs's mostly negative reports will be
00:55:03 – published by the time McQuarrie returns
00:55:05 – home to England he's devastated by its
00:55:08 – findings soon afterwards he dies a hero
00:55:13 – to his friends and supporters to
00:55:20 – governor macquarie who has raised his
00:55:22 – situations of the highest trust and
00:55:24 – dignity of many deserving persons who
00:55:26 – have been convinced Wentworth knows what
00:55:30 – it is to be an outsider his mother was a
00:55:33 – convict and he's always wondered why his
00:55:35 – father one of the wealthiest landowners
00:55:38 – is shunned by Sydney society he is about
00:55:41 – to find out a pamphlet written by an
00:55:45 – English MP exposes his father's hidden
00:55:47 – past as a highway robber this on top of
00:55:51 – John MacArthur's letter rejecting
00:55:53 – wentworth off of marriage to his
00:55:55 – daughter Elizabeth
00:55:57 – [Music]
00:56:04 – first of all so of course Whitworth
00:56:08 – dreams of a colony where convicts and
00:56:10 – their children can aspire to greater
00:56:13 – things
00:56:16 – [Music]
00:56:24 – as Wentworth sails home he and the
00:56:28 – MacArthur's are now in rival camps the
00:56:31 – MacArthur's will lead the exclusives who
00:56:34 – believe that those tainted with convict
00:56:36 – blood have no place in polite society
00:56:42 – back in Sydney
00:56:43 – Wentworth issues our rallying cry to the
00:56:46 – emancipates
00:56:47 – the ex-convicts and their children he is
00:56:51 – on a crusade to win self-government for
00:56:53 – all whites in the colony and to make his
00:56:56 – own mark on history I will create for
00:57:01 – myself a reputation which shall reflect
00:57:03 – splendor on all who are related to me
00:57:05 – and remove the fangs of the MacArthur's
00:57:09 – from New South Wales mr. Swain and
00:57:14 – fellow barrister Robert Waddell to come
00:57:16 – back to Sydney and together the pair of
00:57:19 – set up a newspaper named defiantly the
00:57:21 – Australian after a year Wentworth
00:57:24 – relinquishes his share from now on his
00:57:27 – battleground will be the courts
00:57:34 – one of his first cases a young currency
00:57:37 – lass of no fortune had been engaged to
00:57:40 – be married
00:57:41 – the crystalloid worthless witness her
00:57:43 – ex-fiance has not only ditched her for
00:57:45 – someone with a fortune but started
00:57:48 – spreading scandal about her you'd expect
00:57:51 – a 20 year old woman of convict birth to
00:57:53 – hide herself away in shame not Sarah C**
00:57:56 – a respectable girl your honor it was
00:58:00 – always kept with company has never been
00:58:03 – out late at night she is the first woman
00:58:05 – in New South Wales to sue a man for
00:58:08 – breach of promise of marriage a suit
00:58:11 – that's usually brought in England by a
00:58:13 – Pasha type of gal by the time Sarah
00:58:16 – gives evidence she is three months
00:58:19 – pregnant to Wentworth both Australian
00:58:22 – born both with convict associations they
00:58:25 – set up house out there for all the world
00:58:28 – to see
00:58:33 – now the exclusives are really have it in
00:58:36 – for Wentworth but he couldn't care less
00:58:39 – he's determined to reform the colony
00:58:55 – and now into this harbor of discontent
00:58:58 – sales Governor Sir Ralph darling
00:59:00 – formerly governor of Mauritius and a man
00:59:03 – with a nose for seditious nonsense
00:59:05 – Wentworth or the convict faction are
00:59:08 – loathe him before he's even got off the
00:59:10 – boat and six years later he'll leave
00:59:12 – this place wondering what the h*** went
00:59:14 – wrong so what was this Sydney town like
00:59:19 – by 1825 the European population of New
00:59:23 – South Wales has grown to around 36,000
00:59:26 – people nearly half a migrant or Amann
00:59:29 – serviced you'll find moneyed men of sale
00:59:33 – trade and banking convicts and sailors
00:59:36 – from around the globe it's a place to
00:59:38 – reinvent yourself make your fortune
00:59:41 – [Music]
00:59:44 – racing boxing and drinking other main
00:59:47 – sports along with scandal and gossip
00:59:50 – the crime rate here is actually no
00:59:53 – greater than that of London and the
00:59:54 – punishments are no less severe
01:00:04 – Lieutenant General Ralph darling will be
01:00:07 – Australia's most conservative governor
01:00:09 – ever thanks to Commissioner Biggs report
01:00:12 – he's here to knock Sydney into shape the
01:00:18 – Macquarie experiment is over
01:00:21 – [Music]
01:00:23 – [Applause]
01:00:28 – well we're not in Mauritius now are we
01:00:31 – Ralph I suspect the convicts on that lie
01:00:33 – under going to seem like Saints compared
01:00:35 – to this lot so where do we start
01:00:40 – reorganize the place public service is a
01:00:43 – mess if filing system is a disaster then
01:00:47 – I think perhaps series affords a land
01:00:50 – board urgently needed if you can find
01:00:52 – the caliber of officers to serve oh we
01:00:55 – found them in Mauritius they'll find
01:00:57 – them here and you my dear I'm told the
01:01:01 – servant class girls need a school a
01:01:03 – residential school I take it you're not
01:01:05 – asking me I need to build it train the
01:01:10 – teachers how does it myself
01:01:13 – sure you will my dear I'm sure you will
01:01:18 – with God's help we're all going to need
01:01:21 – that
01:01:26 – [Music]
01:01:30 – in our form recommended by mr. Bing the
01:01:33 – British government sets up a legislative
01:01:35 – council it's a small group of rich men
01:01:37 – and public servants who make laws for
01:01:40 – the colony one of its members is John
01:01:42 – MacArthur jr. and he takes up where his
01:01:45 – old man left off we are a penal colony
01:01:48 – New South Wales is not suited to the
01:01:50 – institutions of a free society we know
01:01:53 – that there are those tainted with the
01:01:55 – convicts stayin agitating for
01:01:58 – representation in this place and to be
01:02:00 – allowed to sit on juries it is our duty
01:02:03 – to resist this to resist the radicals
01:02:06 – and the Republicans to resist the
01:02:08 – convict faction so the battle lines are
01:02:11 – clear what's more darlings been told
01:02:14 – that he will still make land grants to
01:02:16 – free settlers but there'll be no more
01:02:18 – grants for ex-convicts
01:02:19 – Wentworth rises to the height he wants a
01:02:23 – world in which the convicts stain no
01:02:25 – longer exists a quarry's dream of
01:02:28 – building a fairer society cannot be
01:02:30 – abandoned Wentworth embarks on a
01:02:33 – campaign rowdy meetings and petitions
01:02:36 – back to England see for every British
01:02:40 – subject and the crown itself is the
01:02:42 – birthright of the king Australasian
01:02:49 – heart now no one with a convict taint is
01:03:02 – invited socially into government house
01:03:05 – but darling make sure he meets his
01:03:07 – potential enemies sooner rather than
01:03:10 – later this stage Wentworth is still
01:03:15 – developing a strategy but his fellow
01:03:17 – Australians want jobs and access to land
01:03:20 – and they want to be free of the stigma
01:03:22 – attached to their birth but Wentworth
01:03:24 – has more sweeping reforms in mind he
01:03:27 – wants trial by jury the right of the
01:03:29 – Mansa posts to serve on juries and he
01:03:32 – wants freedom of the press let's not kid
01:03:38 – ourselves when words not some sort of
01:03:41 – equalizer he's not going to lose any
01:03:43 – sleep if they need to get left behind
01:03:45 – and as for the true native born the
01:03:48 – Aborigines he shows no interest in their
01:03:51 – rights at all mr. Wentworth
01:03:56 – so you founded the Australian newspaper
01:04:00 – mr. Wentworth my colleague mr. wardell
01:04:03 – now is the newspaper well I must say
01:04:06 – it's a rather vigorous press no pulling
01:04:09 – of punches we enjoy our newspapers here
01:04:12 – interestingly with less restrictions and
01:04:15 – in Great Britain itself but we'd like to
01:04:17 – keep it that way
01:04:19 – colleague of mine warned me that a free
01:04:21 – press in colony of New South Wales was
01:04:23 – rather akin to putting a printing press
01:04:25 – in Newgate Prison but I see no reason to
01:04:32 – provoke any antagonism by introducing
01:04:35 – unnecessary restrictions license
01:04:39 – taxation given that I've been treated
01:04:43 – very well by the press so far
01:04:49 – yes well that won't last it's inevitable
01:04:52 – that the upright military man and the
01:04:55 – lover of wine and women will come to
01:04:57 – blows and it's the case of two
01:04:59 – light-fingered privates is Wentworth the
01:05:02 – excuse to of roll-up-your-sleeves
01:05:07 – private studs and private Thompson think
01:05:11 – they are making a piece of cloth in fact
01:05:14 – they are stealing a place in history the
01:05:19 – unusual thing about this place is that
01:05:21 – they want to give course regular
01:05:24 – soldiers get lousy pay to endure a
01:05:26 – boredom brutality and homesickness and
01:05:30 – sags and Thompson wants alive they
01:05:33 – reckon that convicts in the colony have
01:05:35 – it a whole lot easier assigned ours
01:05:38 – agreed rates of pay and when they've
01:05:41 – done their time they can even apply for
01:05:43 – land grants but times changing governor
01:05:48 – darling is determined to make an example
01:05:51 – of these two he steps in and makes their
01:05:54 – placement a whole lot tougher
01:05:57 – [Music]
01:06:03 – no no please no Francis Forbes is the
01:06:14 – first Chief Justice of New South Wales a
01:06:17 – position recommended by big like a
01:06:19 – one-man High Court one of his jobs is to
01:06:22 – ensure that the laws made here are not
01:06:25 – repugnant to the laws of England the
01:06:29 – sentence handed down was transportation
01:06:31 – to a secondary penal settlement for
01:06:33 – seven years an example has to be set
01:06:36 – your excellency might reconsider no
01:06:39 – seven years hard labor in Chains on the
01:06:43 – roads Wentworth and his mates want to
01:06:49 – nail darling as an autocrat he's just
01:06:52 – played right into their hands
01:07:03 – the iron chains are torture the
01:07:07 – prisoners cannot stand or walk properly
01:07:10 – and suds is seriously ill his stomach
01:07:15 – bloats his arms and legs swell he's
01:07:18 – taken to the prison hospital where the
01:07:20 – ions are removed five days later he dies
01:07:23 – in agony at first the monitor and the
01:07:31 – Sydney Gazette defend the governor
01:07:33 – SADS was already ill they say and it
01:07:35 – failed to reporters and the change not
01:07:37 – as heavy as first thought even the
01:07:39 – Australian softens its time and the
01:07:42 – whole affair would just have been
01:07:43 – forgotten until WC Wentworth decides to
01:07:46 – stir it all up it's one thing for the
01:07:49 – governor to relax it
01:07:50 – but to increase it unheard of the
01:07:54 – governor has exceeded his powers
01:07:55 – increase the savage barkman impeach him
01:07:59 – now the suds incident becomes a
01:08:01 – Wentworth war cry it's trial by media
01:08:05 – and it will entangle darling for years
01:08:09 – the correspondence with London heats up
01:08:13 – the incident aroused a feeling of horror
01:08:15 – low all classes except for the immediate
01:08:18 – dependence of Governor darling Wentworth
01:08:21 – threatens to have the case of private
01:08:23 – funds raised in the House of Commons and
01:08:25 – uses it to rally public support Bowery
01:08:28 – should be charged with murder the
01:08:31 – colonies papers pick up the story and
01:08:33 – run with us
01:08:35 – there was nothing irregular about those
01:08:37 – Islands used to give the poor wretch
01:08:38 – with an iron collar you're a civilian
01:08:40 – Forbes lies seditious lies nepotism
01:08:45 – abuse of power they want land grants for
01:08:48 – currency lads now equal footing with the
01:08:50 – immigrants half reporters are convicts
01:08:53 – and your term went with is making these
01:08:55 – bullets I know you're drinking then
01:08:57 – don't try and deny it some might call it
01:08:59 – freedom of speech well I call it
01:09:02 – sedition and what you imagine is the
01:09:04 – difference jail
01:09:08 – darling imprisons the editor of the
01:09:11 – monitor newspaper as a warning to his
01:09:14 – critics but ia's hall continues to
01:09:17 – produce his paper from jail the colonies
01:09:20 – press refuses to be silenced the death
01:09:24 – of suds is proof of the existence within
01:09:27 – the kernel it's me I assume the most
01:09:29 – wicked depraved
01:09:31 – and malignant spirit dear God even the
01:09:41 – length of darlings p**** is fair game
01:09:44 – dear sir would to heaven that we knew
01:09:47 – the length of his member for surely so
01:09:49 – much wisdom and magnanimity argue
01:09:52 – something superhuman the tranquility of
01:09:56 – the colony must be preserved the rift
01:09:59 – between these two is growing wider
01:10:00 – everyday fords is a liberal he believes
01:10:04 – that all individuals have rights and
01:10:06 – protections under the rule of law
01:10:08 – darling believes that a liberal is just
01:10:11 – a radical with manners and that the
01:10:13 – colonial should do as they are damned
01:10:15 – we're dead
01:10:16 – perhaps the time is right to take up
01:10:18 – Lourdes battle suggestion issue licenses
01:10:21 – to the newspapers forfeited if the
01:10:25 – proprietor is found guilty of seditious
01:10:26 – libel or blasphemy serious stuff darling
01:10:33 – drafts the legislation but he needs
01:10:35 – Forbes as support after a couple of
01:10:38 – weeks deliberation for the decides that
01:10:41 – while the press might be licentious any
01:10:43 – attempts to muddle the papers would be
01:10:46 – in effect unconstitutional that it would
01:10:48 – be repugnant to the laws of England d***
01:10:56 – the Chief Justice fools
01:10:59 – hey to William Charles Wentworth to the
01:11:04 – land boys we live in to Australia
01:11:10 – [Music]
01:11:11 – around this time WC Wentworth father
01:11:14 – dies this marks a new phase in Wentworth
01:11:18 – attack on darling now a rich man he has
01:11:22 – nothing to lose or else he wants to
01:11:24 – honor the promise that he made to his
01:11:27 – father to reach society's summit he
01:11:30 – deluge his friends and power brokers in
01:11:33 – London with a 25,000 word attack on
01:11:36 – darling who reels under the assault the
01:11:46 – change used were instruments of torture
01:11:48 – I urge you to file a bill of impeachment
01:11:52 – against governor darling for his crimes
01:11:54 – against humanity the whole proceedings
01:11:57 – amounted to an attempt to cover up a
01:11:59 – misdeed that was tantamount to murder in
01:12:05 – New South Wales a hearing is called into
01:12:07 – the suds and Thompson case
01:12:20 – double or darling is paralyzing the
01:12:22 – energies of this colony the man is a
01:12:25 – monster such a series of fraud and
01:12:30 – corruption as has never occurred before
01:12:33 – in the history of our colonial
01:12:36 – government husband Thomson char yeah god
01:12:47 – I wish I'd never heard the wretched name
01:12:49 – he's not the legal well we knew that the
01:12:53 – governor altered the sentence before the
01:12:55 – men we transported the side of the
01:12:57 – changes gathered needed by law and more
01:12:59 – usage governor darling is exonerated in
01:13:03 – the death of sub mode Styx Eliza mud
01:13:06 – sticks with darling can't know if he'll
01:13:09 – still be facing these charges a decade
01:13:11 – from now before the House of Commons
01:13:13 – thanks Livesey to outrage generated by
01:13:16 – WC Wentworth they do wonder Ralph is
01:13:20 – even an angel from heaven could get on
01:13:21 – in New South Wales only if the angel of
01:13:24 – bezel horses would like to drink
01:13:30 – [Music]
01:13:33 – darling wisely avoids the annual Turf
01:13:36 – Club dinner he's got a suspicion about
01:13:39 – the quality of the gifts to governor
01:13:42 – McCrory whatever the governor oh I'm a
01:14:06 – d*** you to what it down romance and
01:14:11 – shoot my dolly free to sing and play
01:14:16 – over the hills and far away over the
01:14:21 – hills and far away
01:14:24 – yes we're all great darling comes down
01:14:34 – like a ton of bricks he dismisses
01:14:37 – government officers associating with
01:14:38 – Wentworth or Waddell he launches charges
01:14:41 – of sedition against the Australian and
01:14:44 – he withdraws his membership of the turf
01:14:46 – club
01:14:49 – a man is working 16 hours a day and it's
01:14:53 – starting to show in his own mind has
01:14:55 – given this place what it needed Stern
01:14:58 – discipline and an orderly bureaucracy
01:15:00 – and it's not as if this is the first
01:15:02 – place that he's been governor but Sydney
01:15:04 – is different from Mauritius it's
01:15:06 – complicated messy and tough and it's
01:15:10 – populated by rogues of every description
01:15:13 – rogues the reckon that they have rights
01:15:17 – darling knows his own Korea is in
01:15:19 – trouble unless he gets a good report
01:15:21 – card in England unfortunately for
01:15:28 – darling just a few blocks away
01:15:30 – Jane mu is strolling down George Street
01:15:33 – she will be a thorn in darling side
01:15:35 – forevermore Jane was transported to
01:15:38 – Tasmania for nicking cloth back in
01:15:41 – England life can be pretty brutal for
01:15:43 – female convicts but journeys done
01:15:45 – alright here's how it works
01:15:48 – she's still serving out of sentence but
01:15:51 – she's been assigned to her husband James
01:15:53 – as his service they've moved here to
01:15:56 – Sydney where James is over the pub and
01:15:58 – also deals in luxury items such as silk
01:16:01 – what Jane does next affect the rights of
01:16:04 – every setback in the corner a very fine
01:16:08 – quality
01:16:21 – interesting liked it very much
01:16:31 – given me did you f****** give up it well
01:16:35 – well
01:16:37 – oh this is not fair it is not bad but
01:16:41 – just because it's beautiful you'll never
01:16:42 – get away huh oh you men you are all the
01:16:48 – same
01:16:55 – J news past finally catches up with her
01:16:59 – eight months later she's up on three
01:17:02 – counts of shoplifting madame Rennes
01:17:04 – expects her charge to be added to the
01:17:06 – list she wants to nail Jane for good but
01:17:10 – she hasn't reckoned on male hormones
01:17:13 – John Steven jr. is a playboy his father
01:17:19 – is the liberal judge John Siever
01:17:21 – his brother Sydney is Jane News
01:17:24 – barrister because John comes from such a
01:17:27 – high-minded liberal family Governor
01:17:29 – darling has appointed him a magistrate
01:17:31 – and Registrar of the Supreme Court
01:17:34 – he's also the magistrate who's hearing
01:17:37 – the charges today against Jane you are
01:17:42 – convicted on three counts of shoplifting
01:17:47 – the court extends the prisoners original
01:17:50 – sentence by 12 months and allows the
01:17:55 – prison to return to the employer
01:17:57 – business he sent her back to her master
01:18:01 – which means she's free to go home
01:18:06 – no no they didn't know about Senate
01:18:10 – produced what about my faith against Oh
01:18:12 – extra do one what are you going to do
01:18:16 – about and Madam rains goes on arguing
01:18:19 – until three magistrates agree Jane you
01:18:21 – will stand trial on the charge of
01:18:24 – stealing from men ruins a shop and they
01:18:26 – refuse Jane bail but the next thing you
01:18:29 – know she's back on the street
01:18:31 – thanks apparently to some people work
01:18:33 – done by John Steven jr.
01:18:37 – [Music]
01:18:48 – who follows up you thief hey she told
01:18:52 – you so I wonder Steve you are at peace
01:18:56 – Oh a teef mi at ease my face would be
01:19:00 – scared how'd you get out of the jail huh
01:19:03 – how'd you get let off the boat that's
01:19:05 – what I'd like to know garlic muncher
01:19:08 – just because you lost the war froggy
01:19:17 – right if you have a multi assured the
01:19:20 – food onset East well yes but Madame
01:19:23 – Rennes is determined she knows that
01:19:26 – nicking cloth worth more than two pounds
01:19:28 – is a very serious offense she writes to
01:19:32 – the convict board and she hits the mark
01:19:35 – darling orders the police to imprison
01:19:37 – Jane to await trial
01:19:41 – six months later Jane News trial is
01:19:44 – playing to packed houses the court here
01:19:47 – alike theatres full of stories of comedy
01:19:49 – and tragedy and the spectators know that
01:19:52 – Jane you could be sentenced to hang by
01:19:54 – the neck Oh II said I'm not so did you
01:19:59 – madam Ren's certainly knows her rights
01:20:01 – she rejects the course interpreter and
01:20:04 – asks to use a friend yes it is part of a
01:20:08 – piece of still taken by the prisoner she
01:20:10 – is deaf man definitely get a multi feel
01:20:15 – unique it is a unique pattern
01:20:24 – Sidney Stephen Jane news barrister
01:20:27 – called the succession of supposed expert
01:20:29 – witnesses who flounder under
01:20:32 – cross-examination you know but saw a
01:20:34 – great many silks in Jane lose possession
01:20:36 – I remember a Spearman colored silk about
01:20:39 – twenty yards he had a leaf pattern most
01:20:42 – definitely I could swear to the pattern
01:20:44 – if I could see it yeah this is it
01:20:48 – exactly there is no leaf pattern on this
01:20:51 – silk it's the same it's the same pattern
01:20:54 – on my oath
01:20:57 – in just a few days time John Wilson will
01:21:00 – join a host of men the petition governor
01:21:02 – darling to show leniency to Jane you but
01:21:05 – now the jury of military officers has
01:21:07 – reached its verdict
01:21:13 – we find the defendant genu guilty
01:21:17 – [Music]
01:21:27 – you were actuated by a lawless
01:21:31 – disposition with no possible inducement
01:21:35 – but from indulgence in a course of
01:21:38 – predatory habits justice has at length
01:21:42 – overtaken you but the prisoner Jane knew
01:21:46 – I order a sentence of death to be
01:21:48 – recorded
01:21:58 – [Applause]
01:21:58 – [Music]
01:22:00 – actually dance to be recorded indicates
01:22:02 – a willingness that she'd be reprieved
01:22:04 – how do you said insert a death then John
01:22:06 – Steven jr. would now be writing her
01:22:08 – death wines this leaves the door open
01:22:11 – for an appeal to the governor to show
01:22:12 – mercy and to commute the death sentence
01:22:24 – John Steven jr. goes to work he's
01:22:28 – completely besotted with JMU and he
01:22:31 – fakes evidence to get her off and he
01:22:34 – asked his chums from the big end of town
01:22:35 – to sign a petition calling on the
01:22:38 – government to review her sentence Steven
01:22:45 – gives the petition to Chief Justice
01:22:47 – force for him to lay before the
01:22:49 – Executive Council focusing Magister
01:22:59 – Stephens has handed me a petition to
01:23:01 – commute the death sentence of Jan you
01:23:03 – there's full support that the verdict is
01:23:06 – amply harsh a person who wanted me
01:23:11 – plunges into Vice indulges in evil
01:23:14 – propensities relinquishes every claim to
01:23:17 – indulgence I am prepared to commit the
01:23:22 – death sentence and impose a sentence of
01:23:25 – 14 years hard labor in Multan Bay on our
01:23:28 – missus new 14 years at the penal
01:23:31 – settlement of Moreton Bay a sentence
01:23:34 – almost as bad as death but Jane knew is
01:23:37 – in luck
01:23:38 – United theory is a serious anomaly here
01:23:43 – we need to look back at when the crime
01:23:45 – was committed we tend to imagine that
01:23:49 – the convicts were subjected to cruel and
01:23:51 – arbitrary punishment and a places like
01:23:53 – Moreton Bay that's certainly true but
01:23:55 – this is a system which is taking
01:23:57 – meticulous care of Jane News ripes even
01:24:01 – though she's a repeat offender and she's
01:24:03 – just found a new ally chief justice
01:24:06 – Forbes has discovered a c***-up before
01:24:09 – Jane was tried the British government
01:24:12 – amended the law under which she's been
01:24:14 – convicted but darling burdened with
01:24:17 – overwork fails to make the change
01:24:20 – even though Forbes advised him to open
01:24:23 – the door let them out God given street
01:24:31 – the legal loophole means that those
01:24:33 – prisoners convicted under the obsolete
01:24:35 – law will have to be released all the
01:24:47 – prisoners except Jane knew darling isn't
01:24:50 – fixed and is determined to make an
01:24:52 – example of this convict upstart I got my
01:24:56 – meow mrs. Steven and he ain't got no
01:24:59 – choice on it
01:25:00 – you're not that innocent please Lee and
01:25:03 – that's all town the governor uses his
01:25:08 – executive powers to dissolve the cozy
01:25:11 – assignment arrangement between Jim and
01:25:13 – Jane moon I've also found unity not
01:25:17 – factory darling zest for discipline and
01:25:31 – order will come back to haunt him just
01:25:34 – as it did when he blundered into the
01:25:35 – suds and Thompson case I declare and
01:25:37 – Jane to be a convict at large and then
01:25:40 – confining her to the notorious female
01:25:42 – factory he's deprived James knew of his
01:25:45 – servant so now the question is this what
01:25:50 – a James News rights the government
01:25:54 – retains all rights over the assignment
01:25:56 – of conducts according to the Act you can
01:25:59 – show mercy
01:26:00 – you can't just blaze in and make the
01:26:03 – sentence more severe and what have mr.
01:26:04 – new the husband what of him but the
01:26:07 – colony can't run without a sign servants
01:26:09 – you've robbed him of his property rights
01:26:11 – in hurt it's ridiculous isn't it he just
01:26:20 – doesn't get it the age of the
01:26:23 – all-powerful governor is over
01:26:25 – Forbes speaks for a new age of rights
01:26:28 – and the rule of law and once this dawns
01:26:31 – on darling he must know what's coming or
01:26:34 – rather who's
01:26:36 – Wentworth with the help of the Stephen
01:26:39 – brothers issues a writ of habeas corpus
01:26:41 – alleging Li false imprisonment of Jane
01:26:44 – knew now this turns on a vital political
01:26:47 – question how far can a government
01:26:49 – interfere with a person's property
01:26:51 – rights you see Jane knew as an assigned
01:26:54 – convict is the property of their husband
01:26:56 – James
01:26:57 – can the governor rightly deprive this
01:27:00 – man deprived him of his servant the
01:27:02 – governor has no power to interfere in
01:27:04 – the assignment of a congress but the
01:27:07 – governor has concerned this woman a
01:27:09 – woman who should never have been brought
01:27:11 – to trial to the hellhole of the female
01:27:14 – battery contrary to the most fundamental
01:27:17 – principles of British justice
01:27:20 – [Music]
01:27:22 – Wentworth at this stage probably feels
01:27:25 – that victory is in his grasp after days
01:27:29 – of deliberation here's the Chief Justice
01:27:32 – back with the court's decision in my
01:27:39 – opinion the governor has the power to
01:27:42 – cancel the assignment to the convict
01:27:44 – servants only for the purpose of
01:27:47 – improving a convict lot but JMU was
01:27:53 – transported to Tasmania not to New South
01:27:56 – Wales she had no right to follow her
01:27:58 – husband to the colony of New South Wales
01:28:00 – until his sentence had expired or being
01:28:03 – remitted we feel ourselves bound to
01:28:06 – order that she'd be placed in jail and
01:28:08 – returned to Tasmania the place of her
01:28:11 – original sentence
01:28:13 – [Music]
01:28:16 – bad news for Jiang new but a great
01:28:19 – victory for the local colonists a legal
01:28:22 – precedent has just been set limiting the
01:28:25 – governor's powers this is ridiculous
01:28:29 – how it can be remedied without the
01:28:31 – intervention of Parliament I really do
01:28:32 – not know a woman lusts after a piece of
01:28:36 – cloth a constitutional crisis is in the
01:28:38 – making it's absurd
01:28:43 – darling sends an appeal to London a long
01:28:47 – slow process that will take 15 months
01:28:50 – for a reply
01:28:51 – [Music]
01:28:57 – finally in the winter of 1830 the
01:29:00 – dispatchers on chief justice Forbes
01:29:02 – decision arrived England orders darling
01:29:08 – and Forbes to stop bickering then a
01:29:10 – surprise
01:29:11 – London questions the legality of Forbes
01:29:14 – is ruling on the limits of the
01:29:16 – governor's power
01:29:17 – [Music]
01:29:20 – darling feels vindicated and let's fly :
01:29:34 – this is a joke in retaliation for the
01:29:38 – dreadful presses received darling
01:29:41 – withdraws the convicts assigned to the
01:29:43 – Australian and the monitor most of them
01:29:46 – are reporters and foolishly he writes
01:29:50 – home boasting a mouse this time is gone
01:29:58 – through far his bosses in London wrap
01:30:00 – him over the knuckles is never again to
01:30:03 – use his power to silence his critics
01:30:09 – Wentworth joins John Stephen jr. for a
01:30:12 – drink to celebrate darlings comeuppance
01:30:15 – but Stephen is a much more interested in
01:30:18 – love than law JMU is still locked up
01:30:29 – awaiting transport back to Tasmania but
01:30:32 – thanks to John Stephen junior not a long
01:30:44 – John Stephen rents a pokey little room
01:30:46 – from a family living in an isolated
01:30:49 – cottage he tells them the sad story that
01:30:52 – their tenant is mrs. Dickson the victim
01:30:55 – of a violent marriage and he's just
01:30:57 – looking out for her welfare but it's a
01:31:00 – small community
01:31:01 – and Jane is a celebrity it's not long
01:31:04 – before tongues start to weigh
01:31:07 – [Music]
01:31:33 – I just found two tickets of leave now
01:31:36 – this is an official government document
01:31:38 – that gives a convict the freedom of a
01:31:40 – colony once for mrs. new and the other
01:31:42 – is for her alter ego mrs. Dickson and
01:31:45 – they're both signed by the registrar of
01:31:48 – the court
01:31:49 – John Stephen Junior
01:31:51 – [Music]
01:31:57 – knowing that Stephen drinks with
01:31:59 – Wentworth darling is careful not to
01:32:02 – inflame him he hopes that Stephen will
01:32:06 – resign like a gentleman and go back home
01:32:08 – to England therefore there is your
01:32:25 – equity yours sir and not mine in other
01:32:31 – methods grunting Jane you leave to stay
01:32:34 – at home during her child and lose dead
01:32:36 – uh sir in your hand
01:32:38 – governor darling is soon to be recalled
01:32:41 – certainly at all let's just make us a
01:32:46 – phenomenal
01:32:56 – darling suspend Stephen from office
01:32:59 – not wanting to reveal that one of their
01:33:02 – own has breached a law another decision
01:33:06 – he lived to regret
01:33:08 – [Music]
01:33:13 – perhaps the romance of John Stephen and
01:33:16 – Jane knew inspires wentworth with three
01:33:19 – young children and another one on the
01:33:21 – way
01:33:21 – the man who once dreamed of joining his
01:33:24 – name to the McArthur's marries the
01:33:26 – context Sara
01:33:28 – [Music]
01:33:32 – a scandal and gossip are infectious in
01:33:39 – about 12 months times wentworths
01:33:41 – mistress Jemima will also be him a shock
01:33:46 – speaking of infectious with no Menken
01:33:59 – here I have influenza
01:34:01 – oh no he doesn't what he does have is a
01:34:05 – convict on the run for the past three
01:34:07 – weeks the wentworths have been hiding
01:34:10 – Jane knew pretty risky business for a
01:34:13 – barrister and then one night
01:34:28 – you
01:34:35 – a short time later John Stephen sail for
01:34:41 – London where he made sure the papers of
01:34:43 – vilified darling as the monster who'd
01:34:45 – murdered private sighs a year later
01:34:52 – darling is told by his superiors that
01:34:54 – his term will not be renewed back in
01:34:57 – England he will face tough questioning
01:34:59 – from the Reformers who are now in power
01:35:02 – under his governorship there were more
01:35:05 – convict executions and severe
01:35:07 – punishments than at any other time in
01:35:09 – the history of a colony his reputation
01:35:12 – will never recover
01:35:14 – [Music]
01:35:21 – the darlings departure an open house
01:35:24 – party was held by a victorious Wentworth
01:35:28 – free food and ball this LAN lads we
01:35:35 – living good riddance and damnation tis
01:35:39 – as the 54th frantic rat of a man who
01:35:43 – came here to stamp on liberties and
01:35:45 – drive her into the soil and we colonists
01:35:49 – have an equality of rights and
01:35:52 – privileges with the King subject in the
01:35:55 – old country
01:35:58 – [Applause]
01:36:06 – as governor darling and his family
01:36:08 – sailed back to England asking buy just
01:36:10 – about here the mob gave him an
01:36:12 – Australian farewell
01:36:17 – [Applause]
01:36:23 – he must've left wondering what he'd done
01:36:25 – to deserve six years of New South Wales
01:36:31 – [Applause]
01:36:32 – [Music]
01:36:37 – Wentworth continued to fight tooth and
01:36:40 – nail for colonial self-government but he
01:36:42 – was never a full-blooded Democrat he
01:36:44 – never wanted a system in which the
01:36:46 – common laborer had an equal vote with
01:36:48 – the man of property but that's exactly
01:36:50 – what happened 25 years later the first
01:36:53 – democratically elected parliament and
01:36:55 – the delicious irony is that the old
01:36:57 – rogue helped to pave the way as for that
01:37:01 – cunning little thief Jane knew she
01:37:03 – slipped out of history and she got away
01:37:05 – because white Australia was developing a
01:37:08 – robust system of rice it was becoming a
01:37:11 – full-blooded Society some gossips reckon
01:37:14 – she made it back to London and I'll have
01:37:16 – to think that she did sure she was a
01:37:18 – road but she was a rogue who helped to
01:37:20 – make Australia and they

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