Napoleon PBS Documentary 4 Of 4 [w/ subs]

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00:00:01 – [Applause]
00:00:02 – [Music]
00:00:08 – [Applause]
00:00:11 – [Music]
00:00:17 – [Applause]
00:00:21 – [Music]
00:00:30 – in 1808 when Napoleon Bonaparte sent 118
00:00:36 – thousand soldiers across the Pyrenees
00:00:39 – into Spain he imagined they would be
00:00:42 – welcomed with my banner bearing the
00:00:46 – words liberty and emancipation from
00:00:48 – superstition he said I shall be regarded
00:00:51 – as the Liberator of Spain nobody with
00:00:56 – the desperate Napoleon was convinced
00:00:58 – that the Spanish people would rise up in
00:00:59 – a revolution and that he would be
00:01:01 – acclaimed Pope he was completely
00:01:03 – mistaken about the Spanish mentality
00:01:06 – Napoleon could never imagine that some
00:01:09 – people loved their countries as much as
00:01:11 – he loved his own it was a failing
00:01:15 – compounded by arrogance and pride that
00:01:18 – would bring about his downfall
00:01:21 – [Music]
00:01:29 – [Music]
00:01:33 – Napoleon's economic blockade of Great
00:01:36 – Britain wasn't working defying his
00:01:39 – command Spain had been trading with his
00:01:42 – enemy determined to bend the Spanish
00:01:45 – people to his will he decided to make
00:01:48 – Spain a part of his empire this spy I
00:01:56 – could be both if the dolls only saw the
00:01:59 – Spain at that time which is far behind
00:02:01 – all the other countries in Europe that
00:02:03 – were the old water deity and Napoleon
00:02:06 – considered the Iberian Peninsula another
00:02:08 – world from Dijon disasters obscure
00:02:11 – darkness behind ecology dominated by
00:02:14 – clergy according to Napoleon literally
00:02:16 – who were illiterate you're all ignorant
00:02:18 – fellows and fanatical impossible she
00:02:21 – thought that there would be no
00:02:22 – resistance whatsoever
00:02:26 – on May 2nd the Spanish people rose up
00:02:30 – against the French army in Madrid
00:02:32 – [Applause]
00:02:35 – i nightfall 150 French soldiers were
00:02:43 – dead
00:02:43 – [Music]
00:02:48 – the French retaliated killing thousands
00:02:56 – of Spaniards
00:02:59 – [Music]
00:03:01 – it was the start of a brutal
00:03:04 – no-holds-barred war marked by savagery
00:03:07 – on both sides
00:03:11 – [Music]
00:03:16 – [Applause]
00:03:19 – [Music]
00:03:21 – the French tortured and mutilated their
00:03:24 – prisoners the Spanish did the same it's
00:03:38 – a war of atrocities to can get it but I
00:03:41 – feel I get a yo its guerrilla war the
00:03:43 – word comes from this time they eat the
00:03:45 – homeless the French Army has never
00:03:46 – fought this kind of war but you to that
00:03:48 – game not at all the glorious war that
00:03:50 – they fought elsewhere at this point you
00:03:54 – begin to see a failure of Napoleon's
00:03:58 – judgment he had somehow lost sense of
00:04:02 – proportion he gets into Spain and he
00:04:06 – won't give up thousands died but there
00:04:13 – was no decisive victory Napoleon would
00:04:17 – keep his armies in Spain for five years
00:04:19 – unable to break the will of a Spanish
00:04:22 – people never do next set the free
00:04:26 – Napoleon no longer accepts advice
00:04:28 – luckily new coiffeur : only believes in
00:04:32 – himself he only has confidence in his
00:04:35 – star it all key is going to be blinded
00:04:37 – as his empire grew Napoleon increasingly
00:04:42 – assumed the part of a Roman Caesar
00:04:44 – godlike and infallible now he wanted a
00:04:49 – son to succeed him but Josephine had
00:04:54 – never been able to give him 146 years
00:04:58 – old she knew she never would
00:05:01 – I know I will be shamefully dismissed
00:05:05 – from the bed of the man who crowned me
00:05:06 – she told a friend four months Napoleon
00:05:11 – hesitated sedan coupe cliff really quick
00:05:14 – they were a couple very well-suited to
00:05:16 – each other let's go up to the end
00:05:18 – he believed that Josephine was his lucky
00:05:20 – star you just get a friend that's why it
00:05:22 – was so difficult to divorce her
00:05:25 – at last he decided to tell Josephine
00:05:29 – they must sacrifice their marriage for
00:05:31 – the greater glory of France two weeks
00:05:34 – later the divorce became official I
00:05:37 – understood my Bonaparte Josephine said I
00:05:40 – knew very well that in the end he would
00:05:43 – get his way Josephine went at once to
00:05:52 – Malmaison the next day Napoleon came to
00:05:57 – see her in the driving rain
00:05:59 – [Music]
00:06:01 – and in hand they walked through the
00:06:04 – downpour
00:06:08 – then he was gone web sessions for her
00:06:14 – it's over she will no longer be Empress
00:06:17 – Josephine Manipuri on that funnel and
00:06:21 – Napoleon doesn't want this break either
00:06:23 – coz she need lemon he's attached to
00:06:26 – Josephine he loves her he don't see and
00:06:29 – it's difficult for him to Napoleon gave
00:06:32 – Josephine Malmaison an allowance of 3
00:06:36 – million francs a year now he was free to
00:06:40 – find a new wife and father an heir to
00:06:43 – his throne I want he said to marry a
00:06:48 – womb he cast his eye on the Archduchess
00:06:53 – Marie Louise the 19 year old daughter of
00:06:56 – his old enemy the Emperor Francis the
00:06:58 – first of Austria marriage to Marie
00:07:01 – Louise would ally him with the Hapsburgs
00:07:03 – one of the great reigning families of
00:07:06 – Europe but the young woman despised
00:07:09 – Napoleon just to see the man she wrote
00:07:12 – in her diary would be the worst form of
00:07:14 – torture her father overruled her
00:07:17 – objections marriage with Napoleon he
00:07:20 – told her would bring Austria peace and
00:07:23 – an alliance with the most powerful
00:07:25 – country in Europe brought up to obey the
00:07:29 – nineteen year old girl said goodbye to
00:07:31 – her family and headed toward France on
00:07:38 – April 2nd 1810 emperor napoleon
00:07:40 – bonaparte married the Archduchess Marie
00:07:43 – Louise with all the extravagant display
00:07:47 – fitting the joining of two empires
00:07:54 – he loves me very much
00:07:56 – marie-louise Roker father and I respond
00:07:59 – to his love sincerely there is something
00:08:03 – very fetching and very eager about him
00:08:05 – that is impossible to resist nobody
00:08:09 – won't desisted amalfi napoleon must have
00:08:11 – wondered if he was screaming and it
00:08:13 – seemed absolutely
00:08:14 – it was marrying a hustler about what he
00:08:18 – was becoming alive with one of the
00:08:19 – oldest and most venerable monarchies in
00:08:21 – Europe
00:08:26 – I
00:08:28 – just one year after their marriage the
00:08:31 – thunder of cannon brought all of Paris
00:08:34 – to attention marie-louise had given
00:08:39 – birth to a baby boy Pollan called in the
00:08:48 – king of Rome with the son and a devoted
00:08:59 – wife
00:09:00 – Napoleon seemed transformed he became a
00:09:03 – doting father and a loving husband
00:09:05 – forty-two his stomach swelling into a
00:09:08 – punch
00:09:09 – Napoleon was growing soft late hours
00:09:13 – hardship war are not for me at my age he
00:09:17 – told an aide I love my bed my repose
00:09:21 – more than anything but I must finish my
00:09:24 – work in 1811 there was still plenty to
00:09:29 – do the b***** war in Spain continued
00:09:32 – Britain remained a stubborn enemy and
00:09:34 – now a new war threatened so our
00:09:38 – Alexander refused to be part of the
00:09:40 – Continental blockade of British goods
00:09:42 – any longer Napoleon's edict barring
00:09:46 – trade with Great Britain was ruining the
00:09:48 – Russian economy tensions quickly
00:09:51 – escalated every attempt to negotiate
00:09:54 – failed in the spring of 1812 ignoring
00:10:01 – the advice of his closest advisors
00:10:04 – Napoleon invaded Russia never in living
00:10:09 – memory had so large an army been
00:10:11 – assembled
00:10:12 – Italians poles Germans French more than
00:10:17 – 600,000 men from every corner of his
00:10:19 – empire napoleon prophesized that the war
00:10:24 – would be over in 20 days
00:10:26 – an army of 600,000 it would seem to be
00:10:29 – absolutely irresistible no matter what
00:10:32 – happened he'll simply pour in enough men
00:10:36 – to overwhelm the Russians force them
00:10:38 – into to engage in battle and defeat them
00:10:43 – Napoleon's army trudged slowly across
00:10:45 – Russia's immense spaces he hoped to
00:10:53 – annihilate his enemy at once but the
00:10:56 – Russians would not give battle as the
00:11:00 – days passed the blazing heat of the
00:11:02 – Russians summer began to take its toll
00:11:07 – soldiers fell out from exhaustion
00:11:09 – sickness and desertion thousands every
00:11:13 – day after two months before Napoleon had
00:11:17 – fought a single battle 150,000 soldiers
00:11:21 – were out of action at last with summer
00:11:26 – ending the Russians turned and faced
00:11:29 – their enemy at the crossroads village of
00:11:31 – Borodino Moscow the holy city of Russia
00:11:36 – was at stake the Battle of Borodino was
00:11:44 – a brutal slugfest Napoleon threw his
00:11:48 – enormous army at the Russians in the
00:11:50 – frontal assault showing little of his
00:11:52 – old strategic subtlety
00:11:55 – [Applause]
00:11:58 – The Bulletin secrets now this was a wild
00:12:00 – attack to the president they were
00:12:02 – killing each other
00:12:03 – Billy's village Billy is prevent people
00:12:06 – who were guests without stop a child it
00:12:10 – was horrific impede Okazaki Billa
00:12:16 – the battle began at 6:30 in the morning
00:12:18 – and lasted until 3:00 in the afternoon
00:12:21 – losing study subway started at that
00:12:24 – point both armies were exhausted the
00:12:28 – Russians fought the Emperor's armies to
00:12:30 – a standstill the next day they withdrew
00:12:34 – leaving Napoleon proclaiming victory
00:12:41 – Moscow was at his mercy
00:12:44 – but the Russians refused to make peace
00:12:48 – as Napoleon's army entered the city he
00:12:52 – found it almost deserted that night
00:12:56 – Moscow began to burn mountains of red
00:13:01 – rolling flames
00:13:03 – Napoleon recalled later like immense
00:13:05 – waves of the sea oh it was the most
00:13:09 – grand the most sublime and the most
00:13:12 – terrifying sight the world ever beheld
00:13:16 – there was kiss a pedestrian well the
00:13:18 – Russians burned Moscow themselves he
00:13:21 – will care that most closely with and
00:13:23 – when Moscow went up in flames this was
00:13:26 – the worst blow to Napoleon's army
00:13:29 – eliquid William Lucas tell us of North
00:13:31 – Korea Napoleon couldn't stay in Moscow
00:13:36 – fearing the approach of winter but
00:13:38 – reluctant to abandon his conquest
00:13:41 – Napoleon wrote the Czar proposing
00:13:44 – negotiations the Tsar responded with icy
00:13:48 – silence after five weeks of waiting
00:13:53 – Napoleon bitterly ordered his soldiers
00:13:55 – halt
00:13:56 – [Music]
00:14:01 – on October 19th he led his men laden
00:14:05 – with spoils out of Moscow through the
00:14:08 – gate of Kaluga it was a warm fall day
00:14:14 – [Music]
00:14:17 – three weeks later it began to snow
00:14:23 – the Russian winter had arrived early
00:14:29 – temperature spell 22 degrees below zero
00:14:32 – [Music]
00:14:34 – Napoleon's soldiers froze in the open
00:14:37 – countryside our lips stuck together one
00:14:42 – soldier wrote our nostrils froze we seem
00:14:46 – to be marching in a world of ice food
00:14:53 – ran out horses died by the thousands
00:14:57 – hungry soldiers quarreled over the horse
00:15:00 – flesh they were fighting starvation cold
00:15:05 – fatigue disease and the cosmos
00:15:10 – the Cossacks harried Napoleon's flanks
00:15:13 – tearing at his army as if it were a
00:15:16 – wounded animal
00:15:18 – thank you mobile article style UMI's
00:15:20 – right the Army is being eaten away
00:15:22 – because it is being attacked on all
00:15:24 – sides the worst of which thou tomatoes
00:15:27 – are like army fell apart
00:15:28 – little by little ricotta bruschetta
00:15:30 – Ebola the French army no longer existed
00:15:34 – as a fighting force
00:15:40 – Napolean watched as his army died
00:15:44 – hearing captured he carried in a little
00:15:47 – black leather bag tied around his neck a
00:15:49 – vial of poison six months before he had
00:15:54 – crossed into Russia with more than half
00:15:56 – a million soldiers confident of victory
00:16:01 – now on December 5th rumors of a coup in
00:16:05 – Paris forced him to abandon his troops
00:16:08 – and head back to the French capital as
00:16:13 – his sled made its way across Europe he
00:16:16 – told a companion it's just one step
00:16:20 – between the sublime and the ridiculous
00:16:24 – he lost half a million men of staggering
00:16:28 – tone out of the 600,000 men who went in
00:16:33 – 95,000 came back it was the beginning of
00:16:37 – the end his former foreign minister
00:16:39 – Charles Talleyrand said smelling blood
00:16:43 – Britain Prussia Russia and Sweden united
00:16:47 – against him only Austria ruled by his
00:16:50 – wife's father wavered clinging to the
00:16:58 – hope that one decisive battle could turn
00:17:00 – his luck around
00:17:01 – Napoleon rallied transfer yet another
00:17:04 – campaigns in central year
00:17:08 – he just was fighting here fighting
00:17:11 – they're fighting the next place
00:17:12 – hopelessly outnumbered could never win
00:17:14 – but still fighting like bad
00:17:20 – in the brawl of 1813 the Allies Cotta
00:17:23 – Napoleon at Leipzig where they
00:17:25 – outnumbered him two to one and punished
00:17:29 – his armies in a bruising battle that
00:17:31 – lasted three days
00:17:33 – [Applause]
00:17:37 – the legend of Napoleon's invincibility
00:17:39 – was over his armies were now in retreat
00:17:44 – everywhere in Europe a year ago he said
00:17:48 – the whole of Europe was marching
00:17:51 – alongside of us today the whole of
00:17:54 – Europe is marching against us in two
00:17:59 – months he lost 400,000 men still he
00:18:04 – fought on there was nothing left to do
00:18:08 – but fight he said yet every day our
00:18:13 – chances grew smaller and smaller by the
00:18:19 – beginning of 1814 Napoleon was again in
00:18:22 – Paris when he learned that the Allies
00:18:24 – had invaded France itself fearing the
00:18:28 – worst
00:18:29 – he began burning his private papers even
00:18:33 – Austria led by Marie Louise's father
00:18:35 – Francis the first had come in for the
00:18:38 – kill don't worry Napoleon told his wife
00:18:42 – and son we shall beat Papa Francis trust
00:18:46 – me on the morning of January 25th they
00:18:50 – said goodbye he would never see his wife
00:18:54 – or his son again in a last desperate
00:18:59 – campaign fought across France Napoleon
00:19:02 – displayed all of his old brilliance but
00:19:07 – 85,000 Frenchmen stood no chance against
00:19:11 – 350,000 allies
00:19:14 – on March 31st 1814 the Allies marched
00:19:19 – down the showers Alizee the war was all
00:19:24 – but over now even his own marshals
00:19:31 – turned against him when he prepared to
00:19:35 – summon what remained of his army to
00:19:37 – march on Paris they refused to fight any
00:19:39 – longer on April 12th 1814 Napoleon
00:19:48 – picked up a pen and renounced his throne
00:19:51 – [Music]
00:19:56 – his majesty appeared to be entirely
00:20:00 – crushed this secretary wrote his
00:20:04 – agitation was often so great that
00:20:06 – without being aware of it he tore at his
00:20:09 – leg with his nails until the blood flow
00:20:17 – that evening he emptied the contents of
00:20:20 – a leather pouch into a glass of wine and
00:20:22 – drank it
00:20:25 – the poison failed to kill him he would
00:20:30 – live to see everything he had one taken
00:20:33 – from him my father arrived hours ago
00:20:38 – Marie Louise wrote him two days later he
00:20:42 – will not let me come to you or see you I
00:20:44 – am so sad I don't know what to tell you
00:20:47 – I kiss you and I love you with all my
00:20:52 – heart
00:20:53 – [Music]
00:21:01 – on April 20th Napoleon strode down the
00:21:04 – stairs at Fontainebleau to address his
00:21:06 – soldiers one last time
00:21:09 – [Music]
00:21:15 – goodbye bye children I am leaving
00:21:19 – do not read over my face
00:21:23 – I would like to press all of you close
00:21:26 – to my heart let me at least embrace your
00:21:31 – banner
00:21:34 – then he took a regimental flag in his
00:21:36 – hands and pressed it to his lips let
00:21:41 – this guess he said resonate in the
00:21:44 – hearts of all my soldiers farewell
00:21:49 – once again let this last kiss enter into
00:21:54 – all your hearts a British warship
00:22:06 – carried Napoleon into exile just
00:22:11 – forty-five years old he had won then
00:22:14 – lost an empire as he sailed across the
00:22:20 – Mediterranean he came within sight of
00:22:22 – Corsica a bitter reminder of how far he
00:22:26 – had come and how great was his fault
00:22:32 – you
00:22:35 – he was given a villa perched on a
00:22:38 – hillside a hundred feet above the sea
00:22:41 – still a sovereign this would be his new
00:22:44 – palace where he was expected to spend
00:22:47 – the rest of his life stripped of his old
00:22:54 – rank and title he was granted a new one
00:22:57 – emperor of the Isle of Elba on that
00:23:04 – pretty or even when a colon arrives on
00:23:07 – the island of Elba his first reaction is
00:23:09 – one of despair depression sadness maybe
00:23:12 – gets over it quickly and he's able to
00:23:15 – regain the two aspects of his
00:23:17 – personality for collection action he
00:23:20 – starts taking care of the island of Elba
00:23:22 – as though it were a great country
00:23:28 – he set up a miniature Court complete
00:23:31 – with the grand marshal ministers of the
00:23:34 – Treasury and war even the flag of his
00:23:37 – own devising he planted all of the
00:23:40 – mulberry trees pave the streets
00:23:43 – organized a regular collection of
00:23:46 – garbage and let it be known that his
00:23:48 – subjects the islands thirteen thousand
00:23:50 – peasants should sleep no more than five
00:23:53 – in the bed he still had a law of genius
00:23:59 – ability left in him but it must have
00:24:03 – been boredom personified the Polian
00:24:13 – spent his days on horseback exploring
00:24:16 – elbas meager resources often he climbed
00:24:20 – to his favorite spot on the island a
00:24:22 – mountain looking out across the
00:24:24 – Mediterranean there he would spend hours
00:24:30 – gazing toward Corsica
00:24:34 – his connections to the past had been
00:24:37 – separate when he learned that Josephine
00:24:44 – had died at Molly's oh he did not leave
00:24:47 – his room for two days
00:24:48 – [Music]
00:24:53 – as the weeks passed Napoleon grew bored
00:24:57 – playing at Emperor of Elba
00:25:00 – he never took his eye off France where
00:25:03 – the Allies had made the mistake of
00:25:05 – restoring an eager but weak bourbon King
00:25:07 – to the throne
00:25:13 – King Louie the 18 had neither napoleon's
00:25:16 – charm or charisma France had a
00:25:20 – constitutional monarchy now but with
00:25:22 – Royalists threatening to abolish the
00:25:24 – games of the Revolution and the economy
00:25:27 – floundering the King soon became
00:25:29 – unpopular
00:25:29 – [Music]
00:25:32 – for ten months Napoleon watched and
00:25:35 – waited then on February 26th 1815 he
00:25:43 – slipped off of elbow with a handful of
00:25:45 – soldiers and eluded British and French
00:25:48 – warships after making a mistake or
00:25:53 – suffering a misfortune he said the man
00:25:55 – of genius always gets back on his feet
00:25:58 – [Music]
00:26:00 – once the shore only the king's army
00:26:03 – would stand between Napoleon and Paris
00:26:09 – six days after landing in France he
00:26:12 – confronted a regiment of infantry
00:26:14 – ordered to bar his way Napoleon advanced
00:26:18 – alone to meet them soldiers he cried if
00:26:23 – there is one among you who wants to kill
00:26:25 – his general his Emperor Here I am
00:26:30 – [Music]
00:26:33 – suddenly the soldiers began cheering
00:26:35 – whoa
00:26:37 – long live the Emperor long live the
00:26:41 – Emperor
00:26:45 – two weeks later napoleon was in the
00:26:48 – French capital louis xviii had fled
00:26:51 – those hit Europe like a bombshell the
00:26:56 – devil his enemy said has been unchanged
00:26:59 – and again the mistaken opponent has been
00:27:02 – proved even on pure excited all the way
00:27:04 – to Paris but it was really sort of crazy
00:27:12 – he hadn't got a hope for months after
00:27:17 – Napoleon's abdication the Allies had
00:27:20 – been at odds with one another as they
00:27:22 – met in Vienna to hammer out an agreement
00:27:24 – to determine the shape of post-war
00:27:26 – Europe now Great Britain Russia Austria
00:27:31 – and Russia United once again they
00:27:35 – declared Napoleon an outlaw an enemy and
00:27:38 – a disturber of the tranquility of the
00:27:40 – world and readied their armies for war
00:27:43 – we have a 2020 all of Europe was against
00:27:46 – interest there wasn't a chance of France
00:27:49 – beating this coalition a rain again
00:27:51 – today press equal title by the end of
00:27:54 – May the British and Prussians had two
00:27:56 – armies in Belgium Austrian and Russian
00:27:58 – soldiers were on the way Napoleon's only
00:28:02 – hope for survival was one last desperate
00:28:04 – gamble he planned to drive a wedge
00:28:07 – between the British and the Prussians
00:28:09 – and defeat them before the Austrians and
00:28:12 – the Russians could arrive Napoleon
00:28:15 – raised an army and marched toward
00:28:17 – Waterloo Napoleon's fate would be
00:28:23 – decided on a field of rye and clover one
00:28:26 – mile long and three miles wide
00:28:31 – waiting for him was Great Britain's most
00:28:34 – formidable soldier the Duke of
00:28:36 – Wellington tall aristocratic rather
00:28:40 – arrogant disdainful not an enormous part
00:28:43 – of imagination but totally unflinching
00:28:46 – nerves of steel
00:28:48 – he knew his army and he knew what they
00:28:51 – would take and he knew how to deploy
00:28:53 – them and he was superlative on the
00:28:56 – defensive wellington commanded 68,000
00:29:02 – men but he was counting on 72,000 more
00:29:06 – the Prussians led by marshal Blucher
00:29:10 – bonne bouche de luca's greatest wish is
00:29:13 – to capture Napoleon and have him shot
00:29:17 – with Blucher and the Prussians by his
00:29:20 – side Wellington would outnumber Napoleon
00:29:22 – two to one the Duke impatiently waited
00:29:26 – for the precious to arrive Wellington
00:29:30 – said the Buber the love of God come as
00:29:32 – fast as you can we'll fight the last
00:29:33 – moments of the last night but Blucher
00:29:37 – was still many miles from the
00:29:39 – battlefield and Napoleon had sent a
00:29:41 – sizable force of his own to intercept
00:29:43 – him
00:29:46 – it was not clear whether Blucher would
00:29:48 – get there on time or at all
00:30:01 – the night before the battle soldiers on
00:30:04 – both sides caught what sleep they could
00:30:06 – under a heavy downpour the next morning
00:30:12 – Sunday June 18th they were sopping wet
00:30:15 – so was the field in which they were to
00:30:18 – fight now dotted with puddles and caked
00:30:20 – in mud as the Sun rose higher in the sky
00:30:26 – the Duke and his soldiers braced
00:30:28 – themselves but Waterloo remained silent
00:30:34 – nearly five hours had passed since
00:30:37 – daybreak yet Napoleon had not given the
00:30:40 – order to attack he said he was waiting
00:30:43 – for the ground to dry so he could
00:30:45 – maneuver his cannon I felt that fortune
00:30:49 – was abandoning me Napoleon said I no
00:30:52 – longer had the feeling that I was sure
00:30:54 – to succeed finally at 11:30 Napoleon's
00:31:09 – artillery opened fire
00:31:12 – his battle plan was simple
00:31:14 – Wellington's men occupied the outlying
00:31:17 – farm buildings on both flanks and the
00:31:20 – crest of a ridge in the center to break
00:31:22 – them Napoleon ordered no elaborate
00:31:25 – maneuvers he would stake everything on a
00:31:28 – massive frontal attack he meant to
00:31:32 – attack Wellington first and quarter the
00:31:36 – Beller he thought Wellington what run
00:31:39 – for his ships then he would turn around
00:31:41 – and blast butcher
00:31:45 – shortly after midday Napoleon ordered a
00:31:49 – barrage of his most powerful cannon 74
00:31:54 – guns steadily loving cannonballs at
00:31:56 – Wellington center but Wellington had
00:32:01 – ordered his soldiers to take cover
00:32:03 – behind the crest of the ridge on which
00:32:05 – they stood he owned the reach of the
00:32:07 – French guns Napoleon's Marcus never
00:32:09 – attacked a man in the prepared position
00:32:11 – but here he has no choice he's got to
00:32:15 – get Wellington out
00:32:16 – [Applause]
00:32:18 – the polling soldiers charged the British
00:32:23 – counter-attack driving the French back
00:32:25 – from confusion
00:32:27 – [Applause]
00:32:29 – the French cavalry was destroyed but the
00:32:34 – English Center appeared on the verge of
00:32:36 – collapse
00:32:42 – the Sun hung low in the sky glowing
00:32:45 – blood-red through the trees and smoke it
00:32:51 – was then that Napoleon saw them Russian
00:32:54 – soldiers emerging from the smoke still
00:32:56 – in the far distance
00:32:58 – [Music]
00:33:00 – he called for the Imperial Guard the
00:33:04 – most feared of all his soldiers
00:33:07 – throughout the fighting he had held them
00:33:10 – in reserve now he sent them forward
00:33:14 – [Music]
00:33:21 – they were just 40 paces away when the
00:33:24 – Duke gave the order to fire
00:33:32 – [Applause]
00:33:35 – in less than a minute 400 Frenchmen fell
00:33:42 – still the guard came there were cuts and
00:33:46 – magnificence and came back tears he
00:33:49 – nearly broke through of the British line
00:33:52 – [Applause]
00:33:55 – but it was too late the first time in
00:34:01 – her history of Napoleonic Wars the guard
00:34:04 – was seen to falter and then eventually
00:34:07 – fall back shouting zookeeper everybody
00:34:10 – of every man himself and then the word
00:34:13 – ran through the army my god Rick you the
00:34:16 – goddess is repeated Wellington snapped
00:34:20 – shut his telescope took off his hat and
00:34:23 – waved it no cheering my lads he said
00:34:27 – forward and complete your victory
00:34:29 – [Music]
00:34:32 – as the guard fell back panic spread
00:34:35 – through the ranks of Napoleon's heart
00:34:38 – and then disaster was upon
00:34:42 – depressions were in the field the
00:34:47 – persons very well the last drop of water
00:34:49 – that took the bucket error the parent
00:34:53 – had to draw forces from his center to
00:34:57 – deal with Lucia Lucia won the battle
00:35:02 – every brucer hadn't been there I didn't
00:35:04 – think wearing tonight
00:35:06 – what have made it
00:35:10 – a d*** nice thing Wellington said later
00:35:12 – the nearest run thing you ever saw in
00:35:15 – your life
00:35:22 – the battle had lasted less than 12 hours
00:35:26 – single Sunday afternoon
00:35:32 – the field buddy with the wounded and the
00:35:34 – dead
00:35:35 – Napoleon tried in vain to rally his men
00:35:38 – and turned his back on the catastrophe
00:35:41 – and escaped with all of Europe against
00:35:46 – him Napoleon saw the futility of going
00:35:49 – on as allied armies closed in around him
00:35:53 – he let events run their course
00:35:56 – [Music]
00:35:59 – On June 22nd 1815 four days after the
00:36:04 – Battle of Waterloo he abdicated his
00:36:06 – throne for the second time with no hope
00:36:10 – of escape he put himself at the mercy of
00:36:12 – Great Britain he wished he said to
00:36:16 – reside in a country house near London
00:36:19 – the British turned him down instead they
00:36:29 – sent him back into exile this time they
00:36:34 – took no chances
00:36:36 – that he would return
00:36:37 – [Music]
00:36:40 – allowing him a small group of loyal
00:36:43 – followers they chose a far-flung outpost
00:36:46 – of their empire a slab of volcanic rock
00:36:49 – in the South Atlantic Ocean one of the
00:36:53 – most remote places on earth
00:36:56 – [Music]
00:36:57 – save helluva when Napoleon sees this
00:37:00 – fortress for the first time he
00:37:02 – understands everything said he knows at
00:37:08 – this moment this is going to be
00:37:10 – described device whistle boom boom
00:37:16 – once the ruler of nearly all of europe
00:37:19 – napoleon found himself confined to an
00:37:22 – island ten miles long six miles wide
00:37:25 – [Music]
00:37:27 – it would be nice he told an aide to fall
00:37:30 – asleep and not wake up for a year or two
00:37:35 – [Music]
00:37:37 – on Elba he had at least been an emperor
00:37:39 – on st. Helena he was a prisoner guarded
00:37:44 – by two thousand soldiers and two ships
00:37:47 – that circled the island 24 hours a day
00:37:52 – his final palace would be a wooden
00:37:55 – bungalow that had once been a row of
00:37:57 – cattle stalls he was 46 years old with
00:38:03 – nothing to do for the rest of his life
00:38:04 – but eat sleep and search for a way to
00:38:07 – occupy his mind to die is nothing he
00:38:11 – said but to live defeated and without
00:38:14 – glory is to die every day stripped of
00:38:33 – every vestige of power on this windswept
00:38:36 – island lost in the atlantic napoleon
00:38:39 – fought the endless boredom of his days
00:38:44 – he gardened read any book or newspaper
00:38:47 – he could get his hands on tried
00:38:50 – rewriting a tragedy of old tears imposed
00:38:53 – an exacting Imperial etiquette on his
00:38:56 – retinue inspired with the islands
00:38:58 – English governor who insisted on calling
00:39:01 – Napoleon General Bonaparte when he was
00:39:06 – unable to sleep he would summon one of
00:39:08 – his retainers in the middle of the night
00:39:10 – and rant about the world or explain why
00:39:14 – he lost the Battle of Waterloo only one
00:39:18 – weapon remained him words with words he
00:39:23 – would launch his last campaign day after
00:39:29 – day he dictated his memoirs forging the
00:39:33 – story of his life into the stuff of
00:39:35 – legend
00:39:38 – I shall survive he said and whenever
00:39:41 – they want to strike the lofty attitude
00:39:43 – they will praise me you know they
00:39:47 – thought I'll see you what I did CD good
00:39:50 – says he he decided during this time that
00:39:53 – his real life had ended but now his
00:39:56 – legendary life would begin and that he
00:39:58 – had to take care of it here II argued
00:40:02 – his decisions and rethought his battles
00:40:05 – recalling his greatest triumphs for all
00:40:07 – the world to admire Rivoli the pyramids
00:40:11 – Marengo Austerlitz
00:40:14 – these are granted he said the tooth of
00:40:17 – envy is powerless there the Civil Code
00:40:22 – the Bank of France the bridges over the
00:40:25 – sin schools roads canals libraries he
00:40:30 – made them all bear witness to his
00:40:32 – enduring legacy local feasel next year
00:40:36 – old reconstruct his actions to justify
00:40:38 – his choices denied a ruler David he was
00:40:42 – the savior of the revolution we do not
00:40:44 – they say that he wanted peace David he
00:40:47 – wanted a new world if also yeah well
00:40:49 – you'll dig up and the kings of Europe
00:40:51 – were opposed to a modern man a man of
00:40:54 – action was working for the good of the
00:40:56 – people that's all ya know cover April
00:41:00 – beyond did but he had little else to do
00:41:03 – but fight the battle of his image of his
00:41:05 – reputation and it was an extremely
00:41:08 – successful campaign what is conveyed in
00:41:12 – this is an individual who can accomplish
00:41:15 – so much so very much through
00:41:18 – determination and energy and
00:41:20 – intelligence this is this is his sense
00:41:23 – of himself
00:41:29 – as time wore on his health failing
00:41:32 – Napoleon at last gave way to boredom and
00:41:35 – then despair he really felt this sadness
00:41:37 – falling little by little like a drop of
00:41:40 – acid which finally corrodes your soul
00:41:42 – grody is what clear edible
00:41:46 – here's a quick CC I believe it was this
00:41:50 – that killed Napoleon
00:41:59 – Napoleon lasted five and a half years on
00:42:02 – st. Helena
00:42:04 – on may 5th 1821 he died deliriously
00:42:10 – whispering France army chief of army
00:42:15 – Josephine he was 51 years old
00:42:21 – [Music]
00:42:23 – as he had willed it his life entered
00:42:26 – into the world's imagination even his
00:42:30 – exile became a glorious martyrdom st.
00:42:33 – Helena his crown of thorns the last
00:42:35 – station of his cross my downfall
00:42:39 – he said raises me to infinite heights
00:42:45 – never rule a course she did
00:42:47 – the Napoleon considered it necessary to
00:42:50 – present himself as a martyr in your deed
00:42:53 – he said if Christ hadn't been crucified
00:42:56 – he would never have been God
00:43:00 – [Music]
00:43:05 – [Applause]
00:43:05 – [Music]
00:43:07 – as the years passed his story told and
00:43:12 – retold love of power tyrannical nature
00:43:16 – of his rule and the three million
00:43:18 – soldiers who had died in wars that had
00:43:21 – brought him glory did nothing to tarnish
00:43:23 – the brilliance of the legend he had
00:43:25 – created naturally with the phony T
00:43:30 – Napoleon through his writing she was
00:43:32 – able to create loyal fervent followers
00:43:35 – they feel they say that it's
00:43:37 – extraordinary dead-stick story man
00:43:41 – [Music]
00:43:43 – to old Rebecca taheke with the waves of
00:43:46 – the magic wand from a defeated prisoner
00:43:48 – he becomes a hero again
00:43:50 – he becomes the ones who writes history
00:43:54 – he doesn't die you will never talk even
00:43:58 – more Edmund
00:43:59 – [Music]
00:44:03 – everything on earth is soon forgotten
00:44:05 – Napoleon said except the opinion we
00:44:09 – leave imprinted on history there is no
00:44:14 – immortality but the memory that is left
00:44:17 – in the minds of men
00:44:19 – [Music]
00:44:28 – [Music]
00:45:00 – [Applause]
00:45:02 – [Music]

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