Napoleon PBS Documentary 3 Of 4 [w/ subs]

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00:00:11 – [Music]
00:00:31 – [Music]
00:00:36 – the congregation shivered in the cold
00:00:40 – [Music]
00:00:48 – no Saddam echoed with the sounds of 400
00:00:52 – musicians and singers
00:00:56 – [Applause]
00:01:01 – Napoleon Bonaparte was about to be
00:01:04 – crowned Emperor of France if I have any
00:01:11 – ambition he said it is so natural to me
00:01:14 – so intimately linked with my existence
00:01:17 – that it is like the blood that
00:01:19 – circulates in my veins
00:01:26 – it was December 2nd 1804 Napoleon was 35
00:01:32 – years old his faith in his guiding star
00:01:36 – had been justified riding the tide of
00:01:39 – revolution that shook all of Europe the
00:01:42 – young lieutenant from Corsica had
00:01:44 – ascended to the rank of general married
00:01:47 – the woman he loved
00:01:49 – joséphine de Beauharnais and with
00:01:51 – victory after victory on the battlefield
00:01:53 – made himself the most powerful figure in
00:01:56 – France
00:01:57 – [Music]
00:01:59 – whereas this young Corsican bringing
00:02:03 – whole empires toppling King was losing
00:02:05 – their friends causing this magical
00:02:09 – belief in enormous presence coil
00:02:19 – spurring intensity like a bottom about
00:02:23 – to go off Willie hitter to room it won't
00:02:28 – be so much
00:02:30 – he is ambition in motion a musical top I
00:02:32 – see the time went I only had confidence
00:02:35 – in himself not for the over circle he
00:02:37 – considered himself invincible
00:02:39 – [Music]
00:02:47 – Napoleon mounted the steps to the altar
00:02:50 – below
00:02:55 – [Music]
00:02:56 – seizing the crown in his own hands
00:02:59 – he held it aloft
00:03:01 – [Music]
00:03:04 – then brought it to rest on his own path
00:03:10 – [Music]
00:03:20 – [Music]
00:03:36 – as 1805 began Napoleon was planning to
00:03:41 – cross the English Channel and invade
00:03:43 – Great Britain with 2,000 ships and
00:03:47 – 200,000 soldiers the French and British
00:03:51 – Britt were once again irreconcilable
00:03:54 – enemies struggling for dominance on the
00:03:57 – continent of Europe
00:03:58 – I think the purlins reckoned that if he
00:04:01 – got across the channel his chances would
00:04:04 – have been excellent and he was probably
00:04:05 – right
00:04:06 – we had no army we had apathetic on it
00:04:08 – and Napoleon
00:04:09 – seemed to be invincible as he said if
00:04:12 – I'm master of the channel for six hours
00:04:14 – I will master the world I will take you
00:04:19 – to London he told his Empress Josephine
00:04:21 – I intend the wife of the modern Caesar
00:04:27 – to be crowned in Westminster so the
00:04:32 – British Napoleon seemed capable of
00:04:34 – fantastic deeds he might fly over the
00:04:37 – channel or dig a tunnel beneath it
00:04:39 – [Music]
00:04:41 – the bogeyman or bony man as they called
00:04:45 – it might be coming any day we despised
00:04:49 – him in the cartoons at the time or
00:04:51 – incredibly vicious the pyramid portrayal
00:05:07 – is a little Corsican upstart and dares
00:05:10 – fear as a tart he was a little dwarf
00:05:17 – facing the great might of the British
00:05:20 – establishment on the other hand mothers
00:05:25 – would tell their children tonight who
00:05:27 – don't say that your prayers
00:05:28 – Bernie we'll come and get you but
00:05:31 – Napoleon needed ships to carry his men
00:05:33 – across the channel and his fleet was no
00:05:36 – match for the British the most powerful
00:05:39 – maritime force in the world the Royal
00:05:42 – Navy was always thinner and Napoleon
00:05:45 – says at one point in despair wherever I
00:05:48 – went I always found the Royal Navy and
00:05:51 – by August of 1805 he realized that the
00:05:55 – invasion of England was just not on
00:05:59 – [Music]
00:06:04 – at the end of the summer
00:06:06 – Napoleon paraded his soldiers along the
00:06:08 – channel shore then to everyone's
00:06:11 – surprise ordered them to turn their
00:06:14 – backs on England and march into Europe
00:06:17 – [Music]
00:06:18 – Austria and Russia had joined Britain in
00:06:22 – an alliance to destroy him already tens
00:06:26 – of thousands of Russian soldiers were
00:06:28 – lumbering forward to unite with their
00:06:31 – Austrian allies Napoleon had inherited
00:06:36 – the struggle begun over ten years before
00:06:39 – revolutionary France faced off against
00:06:42 – the Monarchs of Europe who were
00:06:44 – determined to crush the revolution
00:06:46 – before it spread
00:06:48 – Napoleon inherited this extraordinaire
00:06:50 – dynamism leftover from the French
00:06:52 – Revolution everybody who had a crowned
00:06:55 – head if it will you know what happened
00:06:58 – to Louis the sixteenth might happen to
00:06:59 – him you know / you know personally
00:07:01 – Napoleon represents the revolution and
00:07:03 – the expansion of the revolution not only
00:07:06 – the territorial expansion but the
00:07:08 – expansion of revolutionary ideas not
00:07:11 – only and goes into Europe with his
00:07:13 – bayonet but also with the civil code TV
00:07:16 – look
00:07:19 – [Music]
00:07:21 – restless after long months of waiting
00:07:24 – his soldiers were eager to bite they
00:07:29 – were superbly discipline hardened
00:07:32 – veterans of the wars in Italy and the
00:07:34 – Rhineland
00:07:35 – [Applause]
00:07:37 – Napoleon called them LeGrande army the
00:07:42 – great army they were the most feared men
00:07:47 – on the continent they could begin
00:07:49 – marching well before dawn and with
00:07:52 – little rest continued until nightfall
00:07:57 – the emperor has discovered a new way of
00:08:00 – waging war one soldier said he makes use
00:08:04 – of our legs instead of our bayonets
00:08:09 – measure yourself carry between 40 and 60
00:08:13 – pounds of rations a musket and
00:08:16 – cartridges both them were farmers boys
00:08:20 – grown up Houston misery and walking who
00:08:24 – working from day to night and these men
00:08:27 – would March something like 30 miles in a
00:08:30 – day that March for four hours and stop
00:08:34 – and then March another three or four
00:08:36 – hours and stop again and they would
00:08:39 – forage as they went I mean they have to
00:08:41 – worry about these big supply trains
00:08:43 – behind
00:08:44 – [Music]
00:08:49 – the Grande armée was an impressive
00:08:52 – sight the splendid uniforms help to
00:08:57 – soldier feel stronger bigger and braver
00:09:00 – than he was they didn't forget the
00:09:03 – brutal facts of warfare they would fight
00:09:09 – for riches the glory of France and
00:09:12 – devotion to their Emperor once he said
00:09:19 – who was a bravest man this you had an
00:09:20 – officer to this man he took the Legion
00:09:23 – of Honor off his own coat stuck it on
00:09:25 – the soldiers uniform can you imagine how
00:09:28 – that would spread in the army his
00:09:31 – soldiers idolized him eager for just a
00:09:34 – few words of praise or an even greater
00:09:36 – tribute saved only for the bravest an
00:09:39 – affectionate yank on the ear he stood 5
00:09:43 – feet 2 inches tall with one hand thrust
00:09:47 – under his coat he struck a pose common
00:09:50 – at the time and made it his own I think
00:09:53 – I printed when I wrote these will hold
00:09:55 – his little coat and hat were kind of
00:09:57 – propaganda he screws me que la AB Dixon
00:10:01 – because he created a simple character
00:10:03 – will say austere but very recognizable
00:10:08 – if you'll drew to the privates by
00:10:10 – wearing clothes like that here is a man
00:10:15 – who dresses like we do like the soldier
00:10:17 – does like not like the generals and the
00:10:19 – marginals that's like us
00:10:28 – Napoleon drove his men hard but he drove
00:10:32 – no one harder than himself he could ride
00:10:36 – for ten hours at a stretch
00:10:38 – often eating lunch on horseback he slept
00:10:44 – in a tent or under the stars lying down
00:10:47 – on his camp bed at eight and rising
00:10:50 – after only a few hours sleep to spend
00:10:52 – the rest of the night studying reports
00:10:54 – and issuing orders he still found time
00:11:00 – to write Josephine reminding her of his
00:11:02 – love and showering her with kisses
00:11:05 – everywhere
00:11:15 – summer turned to fall Napoleon's
00:11:19 – soldiers marched deeper and deeper into
00:11:21 – Europe waiting for two enemy armies that
00:11:37 – outnumbered them almost two to one
00:11:43 – the Russians and Austrians planned to
00:11:45 – defeat the French by sheer force of
00:11:47 – numbers the Russians canal sentence
00:11:51 – thought that they would lick him
00:11:53 – they were quite convinced that once they
00:11:56 – got him in the center of Europe they
00:11:58 – would finish him off but Napoleon saw it
00:12:01 – wants the flaw in the Allied strategy
00:12:03 – their forces were widely dispersed
00:12:06 – across the continent by moving quickly
00:12:09 – he could strike at the Austrians before
00:12:11 – the Russians arrived well he will swing
00:12:15 – in across Germany and cut off the
00:12:19 – leading Austrian forces as planet is hit
00:12:22 – first hint with massed forces and catch
00:12:25 – these boys before they can all link up
00:12:29 – in less than six weeks the French
00:12:32 – reached the Danube catching the Austrian
00:12:34 – army of general Karl Mack by surprise
00:12:37 – [Music]
00:12:44 – while his enemy wavered napoleon struck
00:12:46 – the decisive blow
00:12:55 – Oh
00:13:01 – he comes down behind them and any
00:13:06 – sensible general will run but the
00:13:10 – Austrian general their mark said he'd
00:13:12 – make a fight for it and so he held his
00:13:14 – position the point of his army around
00:13:17 – him and isolated it unfortunately the
00:13:21 – surrender just in a matter of days
00:13:25 – [Music]
00:13:38 – 27,000 men surrendered Mac had lost
00:13:43 – almost his entire army I did not intend
00:13:48 – to fight any but the English Napoleon
00:13:50 – told the defeated Austrian general until
00:13:53 – your master came along and provoked me
00:13:56 – all empires come to an end
00:14:00 – [Music]
00:14:05 – now nothing stood between Napoleon and
00:14:08 – Vienna
00:14:11 – I have been rather overdone my good
00:14:14 – Josephine eight days spent in soaking
00:14:17 – rain and with cold feet have told on me
00:14:20 – a little but I have accomplished my
00:14:23 – object I have destroyed the osprey army
00:14:26 – I simply March
00:14:30 – [Music]
00:14:31 – : having Moodle escape scheme 200,000
00:14:35 – men marching 500 miles in 40 days so
00:14:39 – there he has already he's defeated half
00:14:42 – the Austrian army
00:14:45 – [Music]
00:14:53 – on November 14th Napoleon led his
00:14:57 – soldiers into the enna capital of the
00:14:59 – ancient Austrian Empire the Emperor
00:15:05 – Francis the first had fled leaving his
00:15:09 – palaces and gardens to the enemy
00:15:14 – as Bonaparte triumphantly paraded
00:15:17 – through the winding streets he portrayed
00:15:20 – himself as the representative of the
00:15:22 – French Revolution a symbol of freedom
00:15:26 – and enlightenment but many who had once
00:15:31 – worshipped him had by now changed their
00:15:33 – minds including Ludwig Beethoven doeskin
00:15:39 – apollyon Napoleon decided to make
00:15:41 – himself Emperor guvnah they don't see le
00:15:44 – Beethoven denounced him as a vulgar
00:15:46 – person who lowered himself to the level
00:15:48 – of an ordinary king of men Beethoven had
00:15:53 – dedicated his third symphony to First
00:15:55 – Consul Bonaparte now he angrily blotted
00:15:59 – out his name emperor napoleon he said is
00:16:04 – nothing more than an ordinary mortal he
00:16:07 – would trample on all human rights and
00:16:09 – become a tyrant two months before
00:16:14 – Napoleon had been encamped on the
00:16:16 – English Channel now the Viennese elders
00:16:20 – were giving him the keys to their city
00:16:22 – but his triumph had been shadowed by a
00:16:25 – disaster
00:16:32 – on October 21st British Admiral Horatio
00:16:35 – Nelson had caught a French fleet at
00:16:38 – Trafalgar and utterly destroyed it at
00:16:42 – the cost of his own life Great Britain
00:16:49 – had lost its greatest sailor but never
00:16:53 – again with the French challenged the
00:16:55 – might of the British Navy Napoleon no
00:17:02 – longer had a fleet he could count on now
00:17:05 – in December 1805 the grand army itself
00:17:08 – was in danger
00:17:10 – although Napoleon had crippled the
00:17:13 – Austrian army and driven the Emperor
00:17:15 – from Vienna his conquest threatened to
00:17:18 – become his undoing
00:17:19 – and his winner it is December is cold he
00:17:23 – surrounded by a hostile population the
00:17:27 – Russians are coming to help the
00:17:28 – Austrians his his troops are dwindling a
00:17:30 – number and in supplies he was almost a
00:17:33 – thousand miles in Paris all of Europe
00:17:36 – had become a deadly trap he was deep in
00:17:39 – the center of the continent Prussia was
00:17:41 – now threatening to declare war and on
00:17:44 – November 22nd the Russian and Austrian
00:17:47 – armies finally United in a single
00:17:50 – fighting force 90,000 allies against
00:17:54 – 75,000 Frenchmen you might say any
00:17:57 – sensible man would have stopped and
00:17:58 – perhaps Donal deal with the Russians and
00:18:01 – the Austrians he really had two choices
00:18:02 – either to go back or go forward the
00:18:08 – person would never get back so he
00:18:10 – thought there one more battle as
00:18:14 – November drew to a close the Polian
00:18:16 – roamed the countryside studied the
00:18:19 – battles of Frederick the Great poured
00:18:21 – over maps then he pointed to a spot not
00:18:26 – far from the little village of
00:18:27 – Austerlitz it was a hilly field bounded
00:18:31 – by woods marshy ponds and small towns
00:18:35 – here he would make his stand looking it
00:18:39 – over the Emperor told his marshals
00:18:41 – gentlemen examined this ground carefully
00:18:44 – it is going to be a
00:18:46 – battlefield you will have a part to play
00:18:49 – upon it 70,000 Russian soldiers would
00:18:57 – have a part to play too
00:19:02 – commanded by the Tsar himself Alexander
00:19:06 – the first
00:19:07 – [Music]
00:19:10 – just 28 we was eager one of his aides
00:19:13 – said to experience and win about to
00:19:17 – cover himself with glory by defeating
00:19:20 – the invincible Corsican upstart vain
00:19:23 – inexperienced the young czar was an easy
00:19:26 – target for one of the greatest
00:19:27 – strategists who ever lived
00:19:30 – Napoleon was outnumbered but if he could
00:19:33 – control the battlefield make the Czar
00:19:36 – attack him when and where and how he
00:19:39 – wanted he had a chance to carry the day
00:19:45 – the battle field at Austerlitz was
00:19:48 – dominated by a gently sloping hill the
00:19:51 – proxxon heights if I wanted to stop the
00:19:55 – enemy Napoleon said it is there that I
00:19:58 – should post myself but that would lead
00:20:01 – only to an ordinary battle and I one
00:20:04 – decisive success Napoleon's army
00:20:08 – controlled the heights but he would now
00:20:11 – sacrifice his commanding position in a
00:20:14 – daring gambit to lure the Russians to
00:20:16 – attack his right flank with a thin line
00:20:19 – of soldiers on his right he ordered his
00:20:22 – men to abandon the heights and watched
00:20:25 – as enemy forces occupied it Napoleon
00:20:28 – knew his man the Czar called a council
00:20:31 – of war and argued for an immediate
00:20:33 – attack the Russian general Mikhail
00:20:37 – Kutuzov objected blind in one eye from a
00:20:40 – battle wound
00:20:41 – the hard-drinking veteran was
00:20:43 – contemptuous of his Austrian allies and
00:20:45 – wary of Napoleon good was us who does
00:20:48 – off tried to calm the Tsar's firm he
00:20:51 – sensed the trap something perhaps he
00:20:53 – didn't understand the trap but he felt
00:20:55 – it he was an old clock
00:20:58 – the night before the battle Napoleon
00:21:01 – dined on his favorite campaign dish
00:21:04 – potatoes fried with onions
00:21:06 – [Music]
00:21:10 – all across the French camp his soldiers
00:21:13 – settled into their evening chores he had
00:21:19 – already inspected the troops cited some
00:21:22 – of the cannon himself he appeared a
00:21:28 – model of optimism and confidence
00:21:30 – [Music]
00:21:33 – as he rode past his men they shouted
00:21:35 – long live the Emperor
00:21:38 – waved flaming torches the camp blazed
00:21:42 – with life
00:21:43 – [Music]
00:21:47 – it was December 2nd 1805 the first
00:21:51 – anniversary of his coronation
00:21:59 – Napoleon told an aide this is the finest
00:22:03 – evening of my life
00:22:05 – [Music]
00:22:14 – day break came with an impenetrable fog
00:22:20 – the top of the pots and heights floated
00:22:23 – like an island above the sea of mist
00:22:26 – [Music]
00:22:33 – Napoleon's soldiers woke early and shook
00:22:36 – off hunger and fatigue
00:22:38 – each man preparing for a fight he knew
00:22:41 – might be his last
00:22:45 – the main killer is probably the
00:22:48 – artillery you were just blown apart
00:22:52 – ripped apart or had a neat hole put
00:22:55 – through you coming in close but it did
00:22:59 – get to bayonet fighting why it was
00:23:01 – really pretty deadly more children
00:23:05 – wounded and there was then of course the
00:23:11 – infantry musket the heavy lead slugs
00:23:13 – those really slashed and tore modern
00:23:16 – rifle bullet punches a neat hole but
00:23:18 – these thing is ripped and they shatter
00:23:20 – bones and take off whole sections in the
00:23:24 – flesh
00:23:25 – [Music]
00:23:32 – from his command post on the pratzen
00:23:35 – heights thes are eager for battle
00:23:38 – ordered the allies down off the high
00:23:40 – ground toward the far end of napoleon's
00:23:43 – weak right flank anchored in the little
00:23:46 – village of Talmud's
00:23:48 – [Music]
00:24:05 – Napoleon had a surprise waiting for them
00:24:09 – two divisions of soldiers he had
00:24:12 – summoned from BM they had covered the 70
00:24:17 – miles in only two days Napoleon had put
00:24:21 – reinforcements where they were least
00:24:23 – expected and faster than anyone thought
00:24:26 – possible
00:24:26 – [Music]
00:24:29 – [Applause]
00:24:30 – [Music]
00:24:34 – [Applause]
00:24:36 – [Music]
00:24:38 – [Applause]
00:24:38 – [Music]
00:24:41 – his tropes exhausted after their long
00:24:45 – march from Vienna struggled to hold on
00:24:49 – so far Napoleon said his enemy was
00:24:53 – behaving like they were conducting
00:24:54 – maneuvers on his orders Napoleon had
00:25:00 – wanted the enemy to attack his weak
00:25:02 – right he now had enough troops to defend
00:25:05 – him more than enough for his own plan an
00:25:08 – attack on the Protestant Heights which
00:25:10 – was left with few defenders Napoleon
00:25:15 – watched from his command post above the
00:25:17 – battlefield waiting to spring his trap
00:25:22 – hidden in the haze at the bottom of the
00:25:24 – valley below the heights were two French
00:25:26 – divisions 17,000 men
00:25:29 – [Music]
00:25:36 – Napoleon gave the order to advance one
00:25:42 – sharp blow he said the war is over
00:25:48 – the fog was so dense the French soldiers
00:25:51 – could barely see ten paces in front of
00:25:53 – them
00:25:56 – as the Sun began to rise Napoleon's army
00:26:00 – appeared out of the Mist
00:26:12 – on the top of the pot some bizarre watch
00:26:14 – the French materialized out of the
00:26:16 – valley they come out of a clear sky he
00:26:20 – told me your majesty his aide replied
00:26:24 – you should rather say they come from
00:26:27 – h***
00:26:42 – [Music]
00:26:42 – [Applause]
00:26:54 – what was her fellow Loras Tyrell so
00:26:56 – Alexander didn't know what to do he was
00:26:59 – at an absolute Maul when you come on
00:27:01 – those that don't otherwise got me from
00:27:03 – that moment on he completely lost
00:27:05 – control of his army with life mostly not
00:27:07 – yellow that they were bunny kid after
00:27:10 – the panic on the heights he no longer
00:27:12 – participated in the battle finding
00:27:17 – themselves attacked when they thought
00:27:19 – that they were the attackers Napoleon
00:27:21 – said they looked upon themselves as half
00:27:23 – defeated by nine-thirty the French
00:27:28 – controlled the pratzen heights
00:27:30 – demolishing the center of the Allied
00:27:32 – position
00:27:33 – Napoleon swept across the battlefield
00:27:36 – and attacked the Allies from behind by
00:27:42 – five o'clock Austerlitz was silent
00:27:51 – 9,000 Frenchmen were killed or wounded
00:27:54 – along with 16,000 Russians and Austrians
00:28:05 – the Czar and his army retreated but the
00:28:10 – Austrian Emperor himself Francis the
00:28:13 – first came to sue for peace from the
00:28:16 – little Corsican artillery lieutenant who
00:28:18 – had made himself an emperor only one
00:28:21 – year before a battle was fought today
00:28:27 – Francis wrote his wife which did not
00:28:30 – turn out very well Napoleon wrote
00:28:34 – Josephine I have defeated the Russian
00:28:37 – and Austrian army commanded by the two
00:28:39 – emperors I'm a little tired I embrace
00:28:44 – you
00:28:46 – Austerlitz had raised Napoleon's star to
00:28:49 – new heights he had won his greatest
00:28:53 – victory the victory of which he would
00:28:56 – always be the proudest soldiers he said
00:29:01 – I am pleased with you you have decorated
00:29:04 – your Eagles with an immortal glory you
00:29:08 – will be greeted with joy and it will be
00:29:11 – enough for you to say I was at the
00:29:13 – battle of Austerlitz for people to reply
00:29:16 – there goes a brave man
00:29:19 – [Music]
00:29:27 – Oh
00:29:28 – [Music]
00:29:31 – in France victory was caused for wild
00:29:34 – rejoicing he seemed at last sure
00:29:51 – six months later
00:29:53 – Napoleon was still deep in Europe
00:29:55 – preparing for war again among the
00:30:01 – established sovereigns he said war aims
00:30:03 – never go beyond possession of a province
00:30:06 – or a fortress with me the stake is
00:30:09 – always my existence and that of the
00:30:12 – whole Empire conquest alone made me what
00:30:16 – I am conquests alone can keep me there
00:30:23 – alarmed by Frances growing power now the
00:30:26 – Prussians challenged him Napoleon made
00:30:33 – short work of them the idea that Prussia
00:30:37 – could take the field against me by
00:30:39 – herself he said seems so ridiculous that
00:30:42 – it does not merit discussion in less
00:30:48 – than three weeks
00:30:49 – he brought the Prussians to their knees
00:30:50 – taking a hundred and forty thousand
00:30:53 – prisoners leaving 25,000 dead or wounded
00:30:57 – the might of the Prussian army had been
00:31:00 – entirely crushed
00:31:02 – [Music]
00:31:07 – Napoleon marched triumphantly through
00:31:09 – Berlin to the strains of the
00:31:11 – Marseillaise invoking the revolution
00:31:13 – equality the abolition of privilege now
00:31:19 – master of most of Western Europe he
00:31:22 – swept away feudal laws and forced the
00:31:25 – nation's he had conquered to accept the
00:31:27 – new ones he had created for France the
00:31:30 – Civil Code but he did not govern in the
00:31:33 – name of liberty
00:31:34 – [Music]
00:31:37 – I have come to realize he said that men
00:31:41 – are not born to be free
00:31:43 – liberty is a need felt by a small class
00:31:46 – of people whom Nature has endowed with
00:31:49 – nobler minds in the mass of man
00:31:55 – be rained like kings of home with 44
00:31:59 – different palaces including
00:32:01 – Fontainebleau he believed his own glory
00:32:06 – the glory of France and the spirit of
00:32:08 – the Revolution were all one of the same
00:32:11 – like a good Corsican family man he made
00:32:14 – his brothers and sisters royalty Lewis
00:32:18 – became king of Holland Joseph King of
00:32:22 – Naples
00:32:22 – Jerome king of Westphalia I need my
00:32:27 – family to stabilize my dynasty he said
00:32:30 – if I distributed Thrones according to
00:32:32 – merit I should have made different
00:32:34 – choices he made sister Caroline a queen
00:32:38 – Pauline a princess ELISA a duchess to
00:32:45 – his mother he awarded the title Madame
00:32:48 – mayor
00:32:48 – [Music]
00:32:50 – Napoleon Napoleon always had a lot of
00:32:55 – respect for his mother
00:32:56 – it's a ruler Fiza son always remained
00:32:59 – his mother's child even when Emperor
00:33:01 – chicken farmer gave it to President Lee
00:33:04 – a la virge she was amazed by the success
00:33:06 – of her son he gave it birth and she was
00:33:09 – afraid it wouldn't last
00:33:10 – or I could gauge if he was supposed to
00:33:13 – have often said in her sick Corsican
00:33:15 – accent except as long as it lasts but
00:33:18 – woke isidoro
00:33:22 – while Napoleon spent long months on
00:33:25 – campaign far from France
00:33:28 – Josephine passed the time at Malmaison
00:33:32 – she was uncomfortable living in the
00:33:34 – palaces of the great royal families I
00:33:38 – was never made for so much grandeur she
00:33:41 – said I can feel the Queen's ghost asking
00:33:46 – what am i doing in her bed Malmaison was
00:33:51 – Josephine's refuge there she tended to
00:33:56 – her gardens importing exotic plants
00:33:59 – trees and flowers from all over the
00:34:01 – world
00:34:02 – [Music]
00:34:10 – although Napoleon was no longer the
00:34:13 – inexperienced youth intoxicated by her
00:34:16 – e***** charms he remained deeply
00:34:19 – attached to her he considers me
00:34:23 – Josephine told a friend one of the Rays
00:34:26 – of historic the pinellas Cleon will be
00:34:31 – seen the Infante
00:34:33 – Napoleon found in Josephine a woman who
00:34:35 – met all of his desires L at the new
00:34:38 – coordinates is not an admirable Empress
00:34:40 – the complete day she complimented him
00:34:42 – from the produce Napoleon said I win the
00:34:45 – wars and she wins people's hearts
00:34:48 – Josephine appeared more in love now than
00:34:51 – ever before though she and her husband
00:34:54 – often quarreled he objected to her
00:34:58 – spending nearly 1 million francs a year
00:35:01 – on clothes alone she was jealous of his
00:35:06 – mistresses but he made love much the
00:35:11 – same way he ate his meals quickly my
00:35:16 – mistress says he said do not in the
00:35:19 – least engage my feelings power is my
00:35:22 – mistress he could not understand why
00:35:27 – Josephine was upset she takes things far
00:35:30 – too seriously he said she is always
00:35:33 – afraid that I shall call deeply in love
00:35:37 – can she not understand that love is not
00:35:40 – for me and I think these I don't do you
00:35:44 – they were just passing relationships and
00:35:46 – Josephine made more out of them than she
00:35:48 – should have a limo in the end over time
00:35:52 – they created a real partnership we
00:35:54 – commutativity on song they had risen to
00:35:57 – the heights together she was a female of
00:35:59 – ado Nia no phone no it's Elam look music
00:36:01 – Josephine had given him a son he would
00:36:04 – have been the happiest man in the world
00:36:10 – as 1806 drew to a close
00:36:14 – Napoleon was still at war Austria and
00:36:18 – Prussia had both surrendered but the
00:36:21 – Russians bloodied after Austerlitz and
00:36:24 – Great Britain all powerful on the seas
00:36:26 – remained dangerous enemies against
00:36:31 – Britain he made economic warfare a
00:36:34 – Continental blockade forbidding the
00:36:36 – European nations to trade with the
00:36:38 – British Isles to defeat Russia he
00:36:44 – marched his soldiers deep into Poland
00:36:49 – Napoleon's justification is you have to
00:36:52 – take the war to your adversaries and you
00:36:54 – have to defeat them whatever it takes so
00:36:57 – going out to the far reaches of Poland
00:37:01 – if that's what it takes to get the
00:37:03 – Russians to capitulate that's what he's
00:37:05 – going to do
00:37:11 – Napoleon was in Warsaw when he was
00:37:14 – stunned by the news of a surprise
00:37:15 – Russian attack he struck back at once
00:37:22 – first had hila just a hundred and thirty
00:37:25 – miles from the Russian border
00:37:28 – then later in nearby pre button
00:37:33 – [Music]
00:37:35 – Oh
00:37:38 – [Music]
00:37:44 – [Music]
00:37:55 – the carnage in both battles was terrible
00:38:01 – 70,000 French and Russian soldiers
00:38:03 – killed or wounded
00:38:09 – it is not combat anymore a Russian
00:38:13 – general wrote bizarre it is butchery
00:38:19 – Napoleon's army was torn and b***** the
00:38:23 – Czar's army was in ruins
00:38:27 – Alexander puzzled over what to do next
00:38:30 – stiff Akasa Alexander when Alexander the
00:38:33 – first was thinking about what to do
00:38:35 – after the Battle of Friedland you will
00:38:37 – brought Constantine his brother
00:38:38 – Constantine said what release – yes
00:38:41 – ricotta cheese risotto so sire if you
00:38:44 – were considering fighting the French you
00:38:46 – might as well they've each soldier a gun
00:38:47 – and let him put a bullet in his hand the
00:38:50 – result will be the same
00:38:52 – [Music]
00:38:55 – On June 25th 1807 Alexander traveled to
00:39:00 – Tilsit on the western border of the
00:39:02 – Russian Empire to discuss peace with the
00:39:05 – Emperor of France to signify their equal
00:39:09 – status they met on a raft board
00:39:12 – precisely in the center of the Niemen
00:39:14 – River the boundary between Russia and
00:39:17 – Europe estjs lapew olam when his arm at
00:39:23 – Napoleon he had one goal in mono ducts
00:39:25 – to find a peaceful solution that would
00:39:27 – benefit him here Africa toriel Guevara
00:39:31 – the first thing he said is Napoleon in
00:39:32 – French was seal trial is of little
00:39:35 – concern I hate the English as much as
00:39:38 – you do Napoleon said and we have made
00:39:41 – peace
00:39:42 – [Music]
00:39:46 – Napoleon's peace terms were generous he
00:39:50 – demanded no Russian territory at all
00:39:52 – in return the Tsar agreed to become
00:39:55 – Frances ally to join the Continental
00:39:58 – blockade and refused to trade with
00:40:01 – Britain
00:40:02 – madoka kyono say Napoleon wanted to have
00:40:05 – that the Lions very much and he was
00:40:07 – prepared to sacrifice for it was love
00:40:10 – worship to mediate the alliance of
00:40:12 – Russia and France two great empires
00:40:14 – would force the British to make peace
00:40:17 – finally there would be peace in Europe
00:40:24 – only ten days before they had been
00:40:27 – bleeding each other dry now the two old
00:40:30 – enemies were acting like old friends the
00:40:36 – Czar and Napoleon spent long hours
00:40:38 – together inspecting each other's armies
00:40:41 – awarding medals to soldiers on both
00:40:43 – sides
00:40:47 – after two weeks the two men seem to have
00:40:49 – grown genuinely fond of one Logan
00:40:54 – Napoleon was charmed by Alexander
00:40:57 – describing him as especially handsome
00:40:59 – like a hero with all the graces of an
00:41:02 – amiable Parisien the Czar in turn seemed
00:41:07 – in awe of Napoleon and his sheer power
00:41:11 – as they said goodbye Napoleon was
00:41:14 – convinced he had turned the Czar into a
00:41:16 – friend and Ally if Alexander were a
00:41:20 – woman he wrote Josephine I would make
00:41:23 – him my mistress 10 tabula thought of us
00:41:25 – a shovel this was Napoleon's biggest mr.
00:41:28 – Dale look what else those donkeys
00:41:30 – he thought he actually did charm
00:41:32 – Alexander he at the Napoleonic birth of
00:41:35 – a fedora
00:41:35 – only poor Napoleon didn't understand was
00:41:38 – that Alexander would never stick to
00:41:40 – their agreement no Philip Nuala decided
00:41:43 – to go water for Napoleon because the
00:41:45 – Tilted peace seemed to be his finest
00:41:47 – moment even for him and for his empire
00:41:50 – all girls of buddies will you leave
00:41:52 – calcium back to Paris in July 1807 to a
00:41:55 – huge celebration
00:42:04 – France rejoiced at the signing of the
00:42:07 – treaty between the two giant powers
00:42:11 – once again these in Europe seem secure
00:42:20 – [Music]
00:42:28 – in 1807 Napoleon's Empire stretched from
00:42:33 – the Atlantic coast to the steppes of
00:42:35 – Russia from the North Sea to the
00:42:38 – Mediterranean he ruled over 70 million
00:42:41 – people French Italians Dutch Germans
00:42:45 – poles there had been no greater empire
00:42:50 – since the days of Rome bust with the
00:42:54 – pride of power he dreamed of uniting all
00:42:57 – of Europe under French rule
00:43:03 – the defeat of Russia and Prussia was so
00:43:06 – spectacular
00:43:08 – Napoleon was stunned by the success he'd
00:43:12 – never he never visualized such success
00:43:14 – and he began to think my god I can do
00:43:16 – anything
00:43:19 – [Music]
00:43:22 – rising star had reached its zenith yes
00:43:26 – MA
00:43:27 – at that moment he begins to believe that
00:43:29 – he is infallible article I'm sure all
00:43:31 – the Superman could go get someone
00:43:33 – protected by destiny it was his famous
00:43:36 – song jean-luc luckily she grew up he has
00:43:42 – complete power in Europe is such a fee
00:43:45 – and his bride is very great because this
00:43:49 – is a former little artillery lieutenant
00:43:51 – who has made it to the top
00:43:57 – ambition is never content Napoleon once
00:44:00 – wrote even on the summit of greatness
00:44:04 – [Music]
00:44:07 – thirty-eight years old intoxicated with
00:44:10 – power the ruler of almost all of Europe
00:44:14 – he was bent on one more conquest it was
00:44:20 – to be a fatal mistake
00:44:25 – [Music]
00:44:47 – [Applause]
00:44:52 – [Music]

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