Napoleon PBS Documentary 1 Of 4 [w/ subs]

...



00:00:01 – [Applause]
00:00:02 – [Music]
00:00:08 – [Applause]
00:00:11 – [Music]
00:00:17 – [Applause]
00:00:25 – [Music]
00:00:31 – [Music]
00:00:36 – the congregation shivered in the cold
00:00:42 – Oh
00:00:42 – [Music]
00:00:48 – no true Dom echoed with the sounds of
00:00:51 – 400 musicians and singers
00:00:56 – [Applause]
00:01:00 – the young man born on the island of
00:01:03 – corsica moved impatiently forward
00:01:08 – napoleon bonaparte 35 years old was
00:01:12 – about to be crowned emperor of france
00:01:18 – I found the crown of France in the
00:01:20 – gutter he said and I picked it up
00:01:24 – [Music]
00:01:26 – it was December 2nd 1804 within three
00:01:32 – years Napoleon's conquest would extend
00:01:34 – his empire across almost all of Europe
00:01:37 – and he would rule over 70 million people
00:01:41 – not since the ancient Caesars that one
00:01:45 – man held so much power
00:01:47 – Napoleon changed the world here is a man
00:01:52 – who rises not on the basis of his blood
00:01:55 – and on the basis of his background on
00:01:57 – basis of his ability no one else has
00:02:00 – appeared like him
00:02:01 – and dominated the world like he has just
00:02:05 – scooted nothing what is Napoleon
00:02:06 – searching your mom it's a hand and a
00:02:09 – shirt two strange hats job with this if
00:02:15 – you show the Hat if you show the hand in
00:02:17 – the shirt in Japan the United States or
00:02:20 – France everybody will say Napoleon not
00:02:24 – for you
00:02:27 – he was above all ambitious he loved
00:02:32 – power he said I love power like a
00:02:37 – musician loves his music Napoleon
00:02:48 – mounted the steps to the altar alone
00:02:55 – [Music]
00:02:56 – seizing the crown in his own hands he
00:02:59 – held it aloft then brought it to rest on
00:03:07 – his own head
00:03:08 – [Applause]
00:03:10 – [Music]
00:03:20 – [Music]
00:03:29 – that morning he had quietly told his
00:03:33 – brother if only our father could see us
00:03:36 – now
00:03:45 – [Music]
00:04:10 – in the spring of 1769
00:04:13 – Leticia and Carlo Bonaparte they were
00:04:17 – crossing the mountains that straddled
00:04:18 – the interior of the island of Corsica
00:04:21 – they were Corsican Patriots determined
00:04:25 – to repel a French army that had invaded
00:04:27 – their tiny island nation of course it
00:04:32 – was but only about a hundred 120,000
00:04:36 – people a peasant or Shepherd origin they
00:04:40 – had very few firearms very little
00:04:44 – gunpowder and that was all they had to
00:04:47 – defend themselves against the 22 million
00:04:51 – population of frogs then the most
00:04:53 – advanced country in Europe the Corsican
00:04:58 – never stood a chance after a year of
00:05:01 – fighting leaving thousands dead and
00:05:02 – wounded they were defeated and Leticia
00:05:05 – and Carlo were going home Leticia was
00:05:09 – six months pregnant
00:05:12 – [Music]
00:05:21 – that summer Leticia was celebrating the
00:05:24 – Feast of the Assumption when she felt
00:05:27 – her first labor pains
00:05:32 – [Music]
00:05:35 – later that day August 15 1769 she gave
00:05:40 – birth to a son Napoleon Napoleon a
00:05:46 – Bonaparte
00:05:49 – born just after the bitter French
00:05:52 – conquest Napoleon would spend his
00:05:54 – childhood hating France the nation he
00:05:57 – would one day rule I was born when
00:06:03 – Corsica was perishing Napoleon later
00:06:05 – wrote 30,000 Frenchmen spewed onto our
00:06:09 – shores drowning the throne of Liberty in
00:06:11 – waves of blood the cries of the dying
00:06:17 – the drones of the oppressed and tears of
00:06:20 – despair surrounded my cradle from the
00:06:23 – hour of my birth
00:06:27 – Corsica was now a French colony
00:06:31 – suspended in the Mediterranean between
00:06:33 – France and Italy for centuries Corsicans
00:06:36 – had fiercely resisted invaders Romans
00:06:39 – Moors Genoese after the French victory
00:06:43 – Corsican rebels fled to the mountains
00:06:45 – where they continued to fight on
00:06:48 – but Napoleon's father Carlo a 23 year
00:06:52 – old University student readily submitted
00:06:55 – soon he was wearing powdered wigs
00:06:58 – embroidered Wescott's and silver buckled
00:07:01 – shoes
00:07:03 – Napoleon never forgave him for betraying
00:07:06 – his Corsican heritage he would later say
00:07:09 – harshly that his father was rather too
00:07:12 – fond of pleasure to pose good Nefario I
00:07:15 – like Napoleon always held a grudge
00:07:17 – against his father for having submitted
00:07:18 – for civility Perdue but poor Harlem he
00:07:24 – knew he had lost the battle he realized
00:07:26 – the French were there so he had to live
00:07:27 – with them and make the best of it
00:07:29 – Carlo began practicing law one election
00:07:33 – to the Corsican assembly and rose in the
00:07:36 – esteem of the French rulers but Napoleon
00:07:39 – rarely had a good thing to say about him
00:07:42 – he saved his praise for his mother the
00:07:49 – beautiful strong-willed
00:07:53 – as a mother he would say she was without
00:07:57 – equal
00:08:02 – he was obsessed by how fascinated by her
00:08:06 – praised her normally she was very tough
00:08:12 – and determined little woman 13 times
00:08:16 – pregnant she had eight surviving
00:08:19 – children he says that all his success in
00:08:25 – life was due to the training she gave
00:08:27 – him loving the mother what a man
00:08:31 – Napoleon fed a lap she had the head of a
00:08:34 – man on the body of a woman Carlo and
00:08:40 – Leticia owned a house in the country as
00:08:43 – well as one in the city a mark of their
00:08:45 – status they were Corsican aristocrats
00:08:48 – but they were not rich with eight
00:08:51 – children they struggled just to get by
00:08:53 – on an island that had been impoverished
00:08:56 – for centuries there was nothing the
00:09:00 – ambitious couple believed that Corsica
00:09:03 – could offer them or their children only
00:09:06 – one country could the country that had
00:09:09 – vanquished their own France as a
00:09:21 – representative of the Corsican
00:09:23 – Parliament Carlo travelled to Versailles
00:09:27 – there he saw the splendor of the French
00:09:30 – Court in all its majesty
00:09:32 – [Music]
00:09:34 – member
00:09:35 – [Music]
00:09:42 – France was the envy of Europe Great
00:09:45 – Britain Austria Prussia Spain none had
00:09:48 – more people or greater wealth while
00:09:51 – America was just beginning its
00:09:53 – experiment with democracy Versailles
00:09:56 – gave testimony to the power of kings
00:10:01 – Carlo was an awestruck provincial
00:10:03 – rumblings of discontent with king louis
00:10:06 – xvi an aristocratic privilege where no
00:10:09 – concern of his that Queen
00:10:11 – marie-antoinette in a frivolous Court
00:10:13 – were draining France of precious
00:10:15 – resources did nothing to diminish Carlos
00:10:18 – delight in everything he saw
00:10:22 – he dreamed that one day his children
00:10:24 – would become noblemen in that glittering
00:10:27 – Citadel of power in which he had no
00:10:29 – place for years Carlo had nourished a
00:10:34 – plan in Versailles he saw it come true
00:10:37 – he secured Napoleon a scholarship to a
00:10:41 – school in France Napoleon set foot in
00:10:46 – France for the first time in the winter
00:10:48 – of 1778 a thin sallow nine year old
00:10:52 – accustomed to the warmth of the
00:10:54 – Mediterranean suddenly alone on the
00:10:57 – windswept plains of northern France a
00:11:04 – scholarship boy at the Royal Military
00:11:07 – College at Briella Chateau he could
00:11:11 – hardly speak French for the next five
00:11:15 – years there would be no holidays no
00:11:17 – visits home he had no love of France he
00:11:22 – still thought of himself as a grudging
00:11:24 – subject of an alien king he's a circus
00:11:29 – Eagle to lay thinks of himself as a
00:11:31 – Corsican he is surrounded by students
00:11:34 – who are the children of French
00:11:35 – aristocrat and they have nothing in
00:11:38 – common with this little foreigner
00:11:41 – nope we get that net share and since he
00:11:46 – is quite proud it might only becomes a
00:11:47 – loner that's easily you've a cement
00:11:50 – about Napoleon would one day turn his
00:11:53 – sympathies toward France but not without
00:11:56 – years of resentment and struggle he was
00:12:08 – 15 when he was promoted to the Royal
00:12:10 – Military Academy in Paris along with the
00:12:18 – sons of some of France's greatest
00:12:20 – families he would learn the splendors of
00:12:22 – French civilizations the Royal Academy
00:12:27 – was as much a finishing school turning
00:12:29 – officers into gentlemen as a war college
00:12:33 – we were magnificently fed and served
00:12:36 – Bonaparte set treated in every way like
00:12:39 – officers possessed of great wealth the
00:12:45 – poor Corsican teenager still felt like
00:12:48 – an outsider it entered a world of
00:12:51 – opulence and luxury but it only served
00:12:53 – to fueled his scorn for the privilege
00:12:55 – and snobbery of the French nobility
00:13:00 – one teacher described him as quiet and
00:13:03 – solitary frightfully egotistical proud
00:13:07 – ambitious aspiring to everything he
00:13:11 – would go far his school report read in
00:13:14 – favourable circumstances he began his
00:13:21 – apprenticeship as a soldier when he was
00:13:23 – 16
00:13:24 – a lowly second lieutenant training with
00:13:27 – the best artillery unit in the French
00:13:29 – army
00:13:31 – he grew expert as sighting a gun
00:13:34 – handling rammer and shot deploying men
00:13:38 – one of the greatest careers military
00:13:41 – history had begun insult obnoticus it
00:13:45 – down the heels that the regime will not
00:13:47 – let him have the position of dreams okay
00:13:50 – weboost Asuka also SLV the top positions
00:13:54 – are reserved for the noblemen of the
00:13:56 – earth familial aku Napoleon comes from
00:13:58 – minor nobility in the quarantine animal
00:14:01 – in no graceful frustrated in his
00:14:05 – military ambitions Bonaparte dreamed of
00:14:07 – becoming famous as an author wrote a
00:14:10 – brief history of Corsica even tried his
00:14:13 – hand at a novel he says a policy so he
00:14:18 – knows that he's capable of great things
00:14:20 – rebooted and all this stuff he feels
00:14:23 – that perhaps he's destined for greatness
00:14:25 – but at that point how can he possibly
00:14:27 – believe him in song theory I believe
00:14:31 – either bored to death
00:14:38 – always alone among men bonaparte wrote i
00:14:41 – come home to dream by myself and to give
00:14:45 – myself over to all the forces of my
00:14:47 – melancholy my thoughts dwell on death
00:14:53 – what fury drives me to wish for my own
00:14:56 – destruction no doubt because I see no
00:14:59 – place for myself in this world it was
00:15:05 – the revolution that was set Bonaparte
00:15:08 – free
00:15:21 – on July 14 1789 Paris erupted
00:15:26 – [Applause]
00:15:32 – angry crowd stormed through the streets
00:15:35 – crying liberty equality Brotherhood
00:15:41 – France was thrown into turmoil
00:15:43 – the monarchy itself tottered on the edge
00:15:46 – of destruction a defiant National
00:15:49 – Assembly challenged the absolute right
00:15:51 – of the king
00:15:52 – stripped nobles and clergy of their
00:15:55 – ancient feudal privileges fracturing a
00:15:57 – social order that has endured for
00:15:59 – centuries
00:16:00 – [Applause]
00:16:03 – after years of injustice and inequality
00:16:06 – the revolution had begun it would take
00:16:11 – years before it would end
00:16:15 – as the revolution gained momentum
00:16:18 – Bonaparte was serving in the army far
00:16:20 – from Paris he distrusted the violent
00:16:23 – mobs but welcome the changes
00:16:25 – transforming the country open look at
00:16:28 – got failed me was not only not a
00:16:30 – revolutionary before the beginning of
00:16:32 – the revolution show me when a pasta I
00:16:34 – create a legal result but Bonaparte
00:16:36 – welcomes the revolution as good news he
00:16:39 – almost has a religious impact forum
00:16:41 – important because all of a sudden he
00:16:43 – feels that the revolution is going to
00:16:45 – open up French society la revolución de
00:16:48 – lluvias associative Jose de la brilliant
00:16:52 – a privilege the affected Association
00:16:55 – said no that they would abolish
00:16:56 – privileges yes put it into hierarchies
00:17:00 – and the kind of condescension from which
00:17:02 – Napoleon had suffered while he was
00:17:03 – growing up for the oldest ledger net but
00:17:07 – a busted engine Bonaparte was a man of
00:17:09 – his time and to be 20 years old in 1789
00:17:12 – is very important Napoleon's destiny and
00:17:16 – the destiny of the whole country become
00:17:18 – the same
00:17:30 – in the summer of 1792 Bonaparte was on
00:17:34 – leave in Paris witnessed the last gasp
00:17:37 – of the French monarchy
00:17:40 – in June a mob stormed at wheeler e
00:17:43 – palace and forced the King to wear the
00:17:45 – red revolutionary bonnet
00:17:51 – in August the mob massacred the Kings
00:17:55 – Swiss Guard King Louis the sixteenth was
00:17:58 – the throne
00:18:02 – French Republic was proclaimed that
00:18:04 – fault
00:18:06 – nipper Obama s Lamanna Napoleon wants to
00:18:10 – be part of this new world he wants to
00:18:12 – play a role or a coup Moss table and he
00:18:15 – starts in a place who knows very well
00:18:17 – give me a febrile yeh arts with Corsica
00:18:19 – the robust articles
00:18:26 – Oh
00:18:29 – [Music]
00:18:35 – Oh Bonaparte was 23 an idealistic
00:18:39 – revolutionary when he took leave of
00:18:42 – absence from the French army and
00:18:43 – returned to Corsica French Republic had
00:18:49 – made Corsica a part of France given of
00:18:52 – course against all the rights and
00:18:53 – liberties of French citizens Bonaparte
00:18:56 – lieutenant in the islands National Guard
00:18:59 – threw himself into Corsican politics
00:19:01 – [Music]
00:19:04 – Pasquale
00:19:06 – polly was the island's governor Polly
00:19:09 – had been Bonaparte childhood hero the
00:19:12 – leader of the Corsican war against
00:19:14 – France
00:19:14 – now Bonaparte dreamed of rising to power
00:19:18 – standing by Polly's side but he would be
00:19:21 – bitterly disappointed Polly did not
00:19:25 – trust him
00:19:26 – a ragged Sounion aspecto proudly called
00:19:29 – him a big inexperienced boy the Corsican
00:19:34 – patriot thought Bonaparte too ambitious
00:19:37 – too self-centered too sympathetic to
00:19:40 – France Bonaparte and Paoli are on
00:19:44 – totally different wavelengths Paoli
00:19:46 – retains the idea that Corsica should be
00:19:48 – independent
00:19:49 – by this time Napoleon Bonaparte is
00:19:52 – perfectly comfortable with a a Corsica
00:19:55 – that is part of revolutionary France
00:20:02 – Bonaparte soon became the leader of a
00:20:04 – faction opposed to purely clan rivalry
00:20:08 – ran deep on the island intensifying the
00:20:11 – political struggle between the two men
00:20:13 – Howley's partisans and Bonaparte's were
00:20:16 – soon at war
00:20:20 – in the end Paola proved too strong
00:20:26 – Bonaparte's home was sacked he was
00:20:29 – forced to flee to the mountains the
00:20:33 – Corsican Assembly declared Bonaparte and
00:20:35 – his entire family traitors and enemies
00:20:38 – of the fatherland condemned to perpetual
00:20:41 – execration and infamy Bonaparte no
00:20:47 – longer had the right to live in Corsica
00:20:49 – he had been given a death sentence by
00:20:52 – his own people his idealism shaken
00:20:57 – Bonaparte wrote his brother among so
00:21:00 – many conflicting ideas the honest man is
00:21:03 – confused and distressed since one must
00:21:07 – take sides one might as well choose the
00:21:09 – side which is victorious considering the
00:21:12 – alternative it is better to eat than be
00:21:15 – eaten the defeat in Corsica the break
00:21:21 – with his hero Polly had toughened him
00:21:23 – made him shrewd and turned him toward
00:21:26 – France I thought you'll remember the
00:21:29 – time when there is this breakup with
00:21:31 – Paolo leave Corsica he is French he
00:21:34 – wants to be French he is French On June
00:21:42 – 10th 1793 he set sail for France with
00:21:46 – his widowed mother three brothers and
00:21:48 – three sisters a refugee family carrying
00:21:53 – with them all they owned in the world 24
00:21:57 – years old he was banished from the land
00:21:59 – of his birth forever
00:22:02 – [Music]
00:22:05 – you
00:22:07 – [Applause]
00:22:13 – Bonaparte returned to France to find the
00:22:16 – French fighting among themselves
00:22:19 – [Music]
00:22:22 – the king present executed the Queen and
00:22:27 – thousands more followed him to the
00:22:29 – guillotine there were cities in revolt
00:22:33 – uprising in the provinces
00:22:35 – [Applause]
00:22:37 – maximilien robespierre was in charge now
00:22:40 – the austere moralizing leader suspended
00:22:43 – the Constitution vowing to save the
00:22:46 – Republic from its enemies at any cost
00:22:49 – [Music]
00:22:50 – the revolution turned into the terror
00:22:53 – [Music]
00:23:00 – torn by Civil War
00:23:02 – France was also at war with almost all
00:23:05 – of Europe Austria Spain Russia and Great
00:23:09 – Britain were bent on destroying the new
00:23:11 – French Republic while French radicals
00:23:14 – promised to help all people's rise
00:23:16 – against their rulers reinstated in the
00:23:21 – Army as an artillery captain Bonaparte
00:23:24 – was ordered to talung a city of 28,000
00:23:27 – on the southern coast that had rebelled
00:23:29 – against the Republic throwing its port
00:23:32 – open to the English the British fleet
00:23:38 – defended the city from the harbor
00:23:40 – twenty-four-year-old Bonaparte thought
00:23:42 – he knew how to drive them out he argued
00:23:46 – that if his soldiers could seize the
00:23:48 – heights commanding the harbor they could
00:23:50 – bombard the fleet drive it away and the
00:23:53 – city would fall it was a simple plan but
00:23:58 – none of the generals would listen the
00:24:01 – generals in Toulon were total
00:24:03 – incompetence or a little worse
00:24:05 – finally a fairly competent general
00:24:07 – showed up listened to Napoleon's plans
00:24:10 – and said naturally
00:24:12 – this would be Bonaparte's first great
00:24:15 – chance with the ristic Radek officers
00:24:18 – fleeing the country there was suddenly a
00:24:20 – vacuum an opportunity for rapid
00:24:22 – promotion for soldiers who could prove
00:24:24 – themselves under fire
00:24:36 – Oh
00:24:36 – [Music]
00:24:39 – Bonaparte fought bravely beating his men
00:24:42 – in the assault on the fort guarding the
00:24:44 – heights suffering a wound in the thigh
00:24:46 – from an enemy bayonet
00:24:48 – [Music]
00:24:51 – ten ships went up in flames
00:24:56 – the British fled long was recaptured and
00:25:02 – Bonaparte promoted in just three months
00:25:07 – he had risen from Captain to Brigadier
00:25:09 – General
00:25:10 – [Music]
00:25:16 – the Republic continued to fight for its
00:25:19 – life still clashing with enemies beyond
00:25:23 – its borders still in turmoil
00:25:25 – at home with France in chaos threatened
00:25:32 – on all sides
00:25:33 – Robespierre showed no mercy in his
00:25:35 – efforts to bring about unity and order
00:25:38 – Liberty he said cannot be secured unless
00:25:42 – criminals lose their heads determined to
00:25:49 – make his voice heard bonaparte wrote a
00:25:51 – political tract in support of
00:25:53 – Robespierre the young soldier hated the
00:25:56 – terror but he hated chaos even more but
00:26:00 – a Bonaparte is really a man of order
00:26:02 – aurilla for him order has to serve ideal
00:26:06 – exactly the idea of Robespierre it is
00:26:09 – necessary to suspend liberties in the
00:26:11 – name of Liberty in order to save Liberty
00:26:14 – to save the Republic it's necessary to
00:26:16 – suspend individual liberties in the
00:26:21 – summer of 1794 Robespierre is government
00:26:24 – fell now it was the turn of those who
00:26:29 – made the terror to die
00:26:32 – including jobs pierre in the spring of
00:26:47 – 1795 bonaparte headed for Paris now a
00:26:53 – brigadier general he was determined to
00:26:55 – rise still higher France had a new
00:27:06 – constitutional government the guillotine
00:27:09 – rides in the street the war still raging
00:27:12 – along the frontier all seemed forgotten
00:27:15 – [Music]
00:27:23 – Bonaparte frequented the salons where
00:27:26 – the women who dominated Paris Society
00:27:28 – held court the women here he wrote his
00:27:32 – brother are the center of importance
00:27:34 – here alone of all places on earth they
00:27:37 – appear to hold the reins of government
00:27:41 – but they wanted little to do with him he
00:27:44 – was just another ambitious young soldier
00:27:47 – I can still picture him one noble woman
00:27:54 – remembered he wore badly made dirty
00:27:56 – boots and a nasty round hat pulled down
00:27:59 – over his eyes and overall sickly effect
00:28:04 – was created by this thinness and his
00:28:07 – yellow complexion Bonaparte seemed to
00:28:11 – have come to a dead end who was
00:28:14 – desperate for promotion but no one paid
00:28:17 – any attention
00:28:18 – if this continues he wrote his brother I
00:28:21 – shall end by not stepping aside when a
00:28:24 – carriage rushes past then political
00:28:29 – turmoil once again gave him his chance
00:28:33 – on October 5th 1795 crowds of Parisians
00:28:38 – stormed through the streets alongside
00:28:39 – National Guardsmen bent on restoring the
00:28:42 – monarchy the rebellion threatened to
00:28:46 – topple the Republic
00:28:50 – the government called on Bonaparte to
00:28:53 – repel the attack
00:28:55 – there wasn't much other choice actually
00:28:58 – when this rebellion broke
00:29:01 – there aren't any competent generals in
00:29:03 – Paris
00:29:04 – here's young Bonaparte he's a man of
00:29:07 – conviction put him in only was not one
00:29:14 – p**** go around and you will use all his
00:29:19 – weapons nobody had really use cattle
00:29:23 – only Paris moms before
00:29:25 – [Music]
00:29:30 – he's gonna shoot you wait until late can
00:29:37 – see the whites of their eyes the enemy
00:29:49 – attacked us bonaparte rode his brother
00:29:51 – we killed a great many of them now all
00:29:55 – is quiet I could not be happier
00:29:59 – [Music]
00:30:02 – [Applause]
00:30:03 – three weeks later he was made a full
00:30:06 – general commander of the army of the
00:30:09 – Interior
00:30:13 – he was 26
00:30:19 – [Music]
00:30:25 – Bonaparte was now a man to be reckoned
00:30:27 – with he was driving through Paris in a
00:30:30 – fine carriage wearing new clothes
00:30:33 – drenching himself in Eau de cologne the
00:30:37 – unsophisticated general was no ladies
00:30:39 – man but he had fallen in love her name
00:30:46 – was Marie Joseph Rose de Beauharnais
00:30:49 – everyone called her rose
00:30:51 – Bonaparte called her Josephine
00:30:54 – she was a Creole aristocrat from the
00:30:57 – French colony of Martinique a 32 year
00:31:00 – old widow with two small children deep
00:31:03 – in debt trying to make her way in Paris
00:31:05 – alone languid with a nonchalant shading
00:31:11 – into indolence she was known as a woman
00:31:13 – of refinement charm and grace it was
00:31:18 – said that she even went to bed
00:31:19 – gracefully Bonaparte was dazzled by her
00:31:23 – I was naturally timid among women he
00:31:26 – said Madame de beauharnais was the first
00:31:29 – woman who gave me any degree of
00:31:31 – confidence Josephine was walked by
00:31:34 – Pecola slightly tallest woman she'd be
00:31:39 – married young her husband too died at
00:31:41 – the guillotine she didn't observe a
00:31:44 – something that helped her out and it was
00:31:47 – well known she had sales with men in
00:31:50 – high French society
00:31:53 – [Music]
00:31:55 – no one stood higher than Paul bara the
00:31:59 – most powerful figure in the new
00:32:00 – government
00:32:01 – josephine was his mistress a woman of
00:32:05 – influence in the most fashionable salons
00:32:07 – in Paris Auto Parts saw her in a world
00:32:12 – of power she was at the center of
00:32:14 – society she had all these connections
00:32:17 – she was very much someone who could be
00:32:20 – useful to him and then I think he just
00:32:23 – fell madly in love with her Josephine
00:32:29 – lived in a little cottage set in the
00:32:31 – pleasant garden some said it was bara
00:32:34 – who paid the rent but Barratt was
00:32:37 – growing tired of her now Bonaparte
00:32:40 – visited her there
00:32:42 – Josephine seemed amused by her new lover
00:32:45 – although she knew how to please him she
00:32:48 – did not return his passion when
00:32:51 – Bonaparte proposed marriage she
00:32:53 – hesitated she wasn't attracted to him at
00:32:56 – all in fact she told a friend later that
00:33:00 – she'd for a long time she had to
00:33:02 – overcome a feeling of repugnance he was
00:33:06 – so serious and he had no sense of humor
00:33:08 – he was skinny hair was kind of hanging
00:33:12 – and he was unkempt may I say good booty
00:33:16 – boss but she knows her beauty is
00:33:18 – vanishing already her teeth are bad
00:33:21 – she's getting wrinkles secured up
00:33:23 – napoleon doesn't see it but others see
00:33:26 – it good and she see what
00:33:30 – her looks fading and her debts mounting
00:33:33 – she needed a protector on March 9th 1796
00:33:39 – Napoleon Bonaparte and joséphine de
00:33:41 – Beauharnais were married a gold enameled
00:33:46 – medallion was the generals wedding gift
00:33:48 – to his bride on it were inscribed the
00:33:52 – words to destiny Bonaparte was sent to
00:34:06 – the Italian Alps
00:34:08 – Josephine's former lover Paul Barra had
00:34:11 – helped win him an appointment as supreme
00:34:13 – commander of all French forces in Italy
00:34:17 – his assignment was to challenge the
00:34:20 – Empire of Austria and their Italian
00:34:22 – allies he had never commanded an army
00:34:27 – before young and untested no one
00:34:30 – expected very much from him especially
00:34:33 – his own generals to Moldova campo de
00:34:38 – mukuri
00:34:39 – everyone makes fun of him before he gets
00:34:41 – there his little general who perhaps
00:34:44 – owes his command to his wife from all
00:34:48 – Dooney joseph um oh Allah Allah then he
00:34:53 – arrives and within a few moments the
00:34:55 – veterans who made fun of him understand
00:34:57 – exactly he is in charge little check I
00:35:02 – don't know why one of his generals said
00:35:05 – but the little b****** scares me
00:35:10 – Bonaparte's army was in no condition to
00:35:12 – win battles it had been stagnating under
00:35:16 – incompetent commanders in the foothills
00:35:18 – of the Alps for almost two years
00:35:22 – soldiers he proclaimed you are naked and
00:35:25 – ill-fed no Fame shines upon you I will
00:35:29 – lead you into the most fertile plains in
00:35:32 – the world rich provinces great cities
00:35:35 – will lie in your power
00:35:37 – you will find their honor glory and
00:35:40 – riches
00:35:42 – [Applause]
00:35:44 – it isn't we really enthralled he's a
00:35:48 – terrific actor Lika table is capable of
00:35:51 – laughing smiling we wish good moment
00:35:55 – suddenly his passion inspiring fear form
00:35:58 – and anger class on April 2nd 1796
00:36:04 – Bonaparte led his army forward he was
00:36:07 – badly outnumbered thirty-eight thousand
00:36:10 – French soldiers faced 38,000 Austrians
00:36:13 – and there are lives 25,000 piedmontese
00:36:18 – Bonaparte planned to isolate the
00:36:21 – Austrians from the Piedmontese then
00:36:23 – conquer each separately he would strike
00:36:26 – first at Piedmont in just two weeks he
00:36:31 – won six thousand took thousands of
00:36:33 – prisoners and broke the back of
00:36:36 – Piedmont's army one piedmontese officer
00:36:40 – would later complain they sent a young
00:36:42 – madman who attacks right left and from
00:36:45 – the rear it's an intolerable way of
00:36:47 – making war on April 26th Piedmont
00:36:53 – surrendered Bonaparte demanded gold and
00:36:56 – silver and paid his troops the first
00:36:59 – real money they had seen in years
00:37:02 – soldiers he said we thank you while
00:37:10 – Bonaparte led his soldiers into battle
00:37:12 – he never stopped thinking of Josephine
00:37:14 – writing her letter after letter day
00:37:17 – after day
00:37:20 – [Music]
00:37:23 – not a day goes by without my loving you
00:37:26 – he wrote her not a night without holding
00:37:29 – you in my arms I cursed the glory and
00:37:33 – ambition which keeps me from the soul of
00:37:35 – my life whenever I am troubled as to how
00:37:40 – things will turn out I put my hand to my
00:37:43 – heart where throbs your likeness I have
00:37:47 – but to look at it and my love is perfect
00:37:50 – happiness
00:37:51 – Josephine would sometimes read his
00:37:53 – letters aloud to friends bonaparte she
00:37:56 – told them is so amusing with piedmont
00:38:02 – defeated bonaparte was now pursuing the
00:38:05 – Austrians who retreated to the east the
00:38:08 – wildered by the twenty-six-year-old
00:38:10 – general and his new way of making war in
00:38:14 – the 18th century there were nobles
00:38:16 – commanding almost ODS and I have a sort
00:38:19 – of code the armies would maneuver and
00:38:23 – very often if one had the other in check
00:38:27 – that would be the end of us there would
00:38:29 – be no fight I told him was on the way
00:38:34 – the first modern general he did not
00:38:38 – accommodate those old codgers on the
00:38:41 – other side at all he that fact who he
00:38:46 – attacks every day the attacks when it
00:38:49 – snows he attacks it tonight
00:38:51 – the attacks when it's cold it's not the
00:38:52 – way the game is played he sexually me he
00:38:55 – looks for the enemy in a fight a little
00:38:57 – boat and when they assume that he's
00:38:58 – going to stop he continues the next day
00:39:01 – he fights again it's a pride in them it
00:39:03 – is your hope as the Austrians fled their
00:39:11 – rearguard hoped to slow Bonaparte down
00:39:13 – by making a stand at the little Italian
00:39:15 – town of Lodi they fortified a narrow
00:39:19 – wooden bridge with 14 cannon and three
00:39:22 – battalions and dared Bonaparte to cross
00:39:24 – it the general ordered a simple frontal
00:39:28 – assault on the bridge everything would
00:39:31 – depend on the courage of his men
00:39:37 – he had earned their admiration with his
00:39:40 – rapid string of victories now he would
00:39:43 – find out if he also had their fate I
00:39:46 – [Music]
00:39:48 – didn't fight men to do something like
00:39:50 – that
00:39:51 – there's charisma I mean he got
00:39:54 – tremendous presence Napoleon was a
00:39:57 – master at motivating his soldiers
00:40:01 – [Applause]
00:40:05 – that we always goes a long way the more
00:40:08 – they win the higher they get to stop his
00:40:12 – troops were pretty well helped up they'd
00:40:14 – been chasing Austrians now for weeks and
00:40:17 – they went forward
00:40:20 – [Music]
00:40:23 – yes there are no tactics at all comfy
00:40:27 – active foods come in so enthusiastically
00:40:30 – and quickly it surprises the enemy say
00:40:34 – no cause that's a question of
00:40:35 – enthusiastic everyone throws themselves
00:40:37 – into it everyone risked death
00:41:04 – with his men facing withering enemy fire
00:41:07 – bonaparte was in the thick of it he was
00:41:12 – actually out there laying in the county
00:41:16 – which is a corporate job but he was
00:41:20 – always up where will
00:41:22 – [Music]
00:41:25 – this is a man with absolute courage he
00:41:29 – is wherever he needed if he's needed up
00:41:32 – over the very front to encourage people
00:41:34 – he's there he called if he takes
00:41:38 – physical rent it could maybe see him or
00:41:42 – leave even if cannonballs fall close to
00:41:44 – him and this happened on several
00:41:46 – occasions he's not afraid the French
00:41:51 – made it halfway across the bridge
00:41:54 – and fell back under a vicious hail of
00:41:56 – fire
00:42:00 – then one last charge and they were
00:42:02 – across
00:42:07 – you
00:42:11 – the Austrian guns fell silent here they
00:42:18 – thought they were safe behind the river
00:42:20 – holding the bridge no watch the French
00:42:22 – come across the bridge would beat the
00:42:23 – living the cheese's out it's a real
00:42:29 – spectacular job it was the big battle
00:42:32 – the casualties were not particularly
00:42:33 – heavy but he had imposed his will on his
00:42:36 – own men on the anime both it was not a
00:42:42 – great victory the Austrian army had in
00:42:45 – fact escaped but Bonaparte had won the
00:42:52 – respect and devotion of his men he came
00:42:56 – out all sweaty and grimy and colored
00:42:59 – Gunsmoke the troops like I began calling
00:43:04 – him a little carpel right there it was
00:43:09 – you identify with us you're here our
00:43:12 – call
00:43:13 – [Music]
00:43:19 – it does for all of this is the moment
00:43:22 – when he becomes convinced that he has a
00:43:23 – lucky dog a good the dis to give and the
00:43:28 – destiny has chosen him to accomplish
00:43:30 – great things
00:43:31 – [Music]
00:43:34 – they haven't seen anything yet Bonaparte
00:43:37 – told one of his generals in our time no
00:43:40 – one has the slightest conception of what
00:43:43 – is great it is up to me to give them an
00:43:46 – example
00:43:48 – if there was the f***
00:43:51 – [Music]
00:43:56 – the battle at Lodi convinced napoleon
00:43:59 – bonaparte
00:44:00 – that he was a man of destiny from that
00:44:03 – moment he said I foresaw what I might be
00:44:07 – already I felt the earth flee from
00:44:10 – beneath me as if I were being carried
00:44:13 – into the sky
00:44:15 – [Music]
00:44:17 – [Applause]
00:44:21 – [Music]
00:44:44 – [Applause]
00:44:54 – [Applause]
00:44:55 – [Music]

...

Video Url:
http://youtu.be/51KLBm9ngRg

Comments

comments