Documentary 2017 | History of Japan, A Secret Empire | History Channel Film [w/ subs]



00:00:00 – Documentary 2017 Documentary 2017 Japan
00:00:06 – the Japanese have rites and ceremonies so different from those of all other
00:00:11 – nations the things they do are beyond imagining and it may be truly said that
00:00:19 – Japan is a world the reverse of Europe to the first Westerners in Japan it was
00:00:25 – a mysterious world it was the fabled Isle of zipangu that Marco Polo had only
00:00:34 – heard about the land of reaches that Christopher Columbus set out to find
00:00:47 – when the Portuguese arrived in Japan in 1543 they encountered a country
00:00:52 – embroiled in civil war out of this chaos one samurai warrior would emerge he
00:01:05 – would create a regime so strong it endured for over 250 years witnesses to
00:01:17 – this world both Western observers and Japanese roted these changing times
00:01:27 – there's is a story of flowering culture a poetic ritual and of rigid power
00:01:34 – struggles it is the saga of opening trade with Europe and then closing its
00:01:40 – doors to the west
00:01:44 – these are the memoirs of Japan's secret Empire
00:02:30 – on the 25th day of the eighth month of the year out the water and hair there
00:02:37 – appeared off our western shore a big shoe no one knew whence it had come as a
00:02:46 – Buddhist monk later recounted samurai guards were quickly dispatched to warn
00:02:50 – their master there were strangers on board these ships unlike anyone the
00:02:57 – Japanese had ever seen the local warlord called a daimyo summoned these strangers
00:03:06 – the first Europeans to ever set foot on Japanese Shores it was the year 15 43
00:03:19 – when these Portuguese merchants arrived the daimyo was intrigued by their
00:03:24 – peculiar unknown weapons the Japanese always liked novel things new things
00:03:30 – fared so to speak and so they were very very interested in the Europeans
00:03:41 – after he watched the Portuguese shoot down a duck the daimyo purchased two
00:03:46 – guns and put his swordsmith to work making copies then he asked for shooting
00:03:53 – lessons these first Europeans their guns and their religion would have
00:04:02 – unforeseeable consequences
00:04:18 – in this same year a boy was born to a daimyo family he would be known as
00:04:26 – Tokugawa Ieyasu his destiny would be to change Japan forever as an elite member
00:04:38 – of the samurai class the boy inherited a world of tradition a feudal realm of
00:04:44 – samurai warriors who ruled by birthright and soared the son of a daimyo Lord
00:04:59 – Ieyasu would soon have to give up children's games for the politics of war
00:05:12 – when Yasir was still a child the ruling daimyo demanded that ei Osos father send
00:05:18 – the young boy to him as a hostage insurance that all orders would be
00:05:23 – obeyed when children were taken as hostages it did not mean prisoners this
00:05:35 – was all part of the political negotiation in which our alliances had
00:05:39 – to be formed because no one trusted no one else so there had to be guarantee
00:05:47 – and therefore that hostage was used as a hostage the young samurai boy travelled
00:06:09 – in the style befitting his daimyo rank
00:06:18 – he could not know his destiny nor could he know that he would never see his
00:06:23 – father again he would grow up a hostage his life captive to the turmoil of civil
00:06:35 – war the whole of Japan was involved in Wars treachery was rampant and nobody
00:06:53 – trusted his neighbor they would enter into league with one faction and then
00:06:57 – deserted for another as the winds of Fortune blew
00:07:06 – while Rodriguez and I witness to these perilous times was one of the first
00:07:12 – Portuguese to arrive in Japan he came as a cabin boy of 15 and would soon become
00:07:19 – a Jesuit missionary
00:07:26 – as Portuguese merchants traversed the oceans in search of new ports for trade
00:07:31 – Jesuit missionaries accompanied them searching for souls to save
00:07:40 – the Jesuits were young and dedicated braving the hardships of the dangerous
00:07:45 – two-year voyage to reach Japan a country which they considered ripe for
00:07:49 – conversion
00:07:54 – they sent home tantalizing reports of an alien world everything is so different
00:08:12 – an opposite that they are like us and practically nothing
00:08:16 – now all this would not be surprising if they were like so many barbarians but
00:08:22 – what astonishes me is that they behaved as very prudent and cultured people in
00:08:27 – all these matters this is something which I would not dare to affirm if I
00:08:32 – had not had so much experience among them the missionaries thought that the
00:08:37 – Japanese were such a remarkable race their culture was so developed that it
00:08:43 – was worthwhile writing back to Europe about the culture which they found the
00:08:47 – language the Japanese spoke and a very complex political system without any
00:08:52 – influence from Christianity without any influence from Europe and so I think
00:08:58 – this is a thing which one should bear in mind that this was the first time
00:09:02 – Europeans dealt with Asians on equal terms and not as conquerors and
00:09:08 – conquered people their way of writing is very different from ours because they
00:09:14 – write from the top of the page down to the bottom I asked a Japanese why they
00:09:19 – did not write in our way and he asked me why we did not write in their way he
00:09:24 – explained that as a head of a man is at the top and his feet are at the bottom
00:09:29 – so – a man should write from top to bottom during his more than 30 years in
00:09:35 – Japan jewelle rodriguez became so fluent in Japanese he became known as the
00:09:40 – interpreter
00:09:44 – his work allowed him to observe all levels of society from the highest
00:09:49 – daimyo warlords to the lowest Japanese farmer every class of person Noble or
00:10:01 – humble uses a fan throughout the whole kingdom people who have business matters
00:10:07 – and other things which they wish to remember write them down on their fans
00:10:12 – they are always carrying these fans about in their hands
00:10:16 – opening them shutting them and looking at them nobody would go out into the
00:10:22 – street without one
00:10:36 – the Japanese schwa Rodriguez observed regarded the Europeans with equal
00:10:41 – fascination they greatly wondered that our big and long noses thick beards and
00:10:48 – red or fair hair and considered all these things as so many defects they
00:10:54 – called them the southern barbarians which is not a very flattering term
00:10:59 – their eating habits were rather different the Japanese were so polite
00:11:04 – eating with chopsticks etc whereas in those days Europeans normally yet with
00:11:09 – just a knife and with your fingers and then of course the Japanese most the
00:11:15 – Japanese take a bath every day whereas Europeans I'm afraid in those days when
00:11:20 – for months and months and months without taking a bath and to some extent they
00:11:25 – deserved the epithet of barbarians but however they were regarded the
00:11:34 – missionaries were determined to stay in Japan our only desire was to preach and
00:11:40 – proclaim the law of the Creator even if there were only one Japanese Christian
00:11:44 – in the whole country any missionary would spend all his life
00:11:48 – here just for the sake of that one person
00:11:51 – these men were very very zealous and the conditions were rather good for the
00:11:56 – conversion of people to Christianity
00:12:00 – when you have bloodshed revolutions fighting battles death in large numbers
00:12:08 – obviously people's thoughts do tend to go to the next life in little more than
00:12:16 – 50 years these missionaries established over 200 Catholic churches primarily in
00:12:21 – southern Japan and converted up to a quarter million Japanese
00:12:36 – when a Japanese Lord or Japanese daimyo changed his religion he would bring
00:12:41 – pressure on his people because he had absolute power of life and death on the
00:12:47 – people below him and so you got in a relatively short short period of time a
00:12:53 – large-scale conversions but there was another factor that some of the daimyo
00:12:59 – when they became Christian they had certain considerations of Commerce in
00:13:04 – the back of their mind because where the missionaries went the Portuguese
00:13:09 – merchants went and the Portuguese merchants offered very profitable trade
00:13:14 – feasibly Japanese
00:13:26 – Commerce and religion intertwined some Japanese profited while others watched
00:13:32 – with growing concern convinced of Christianity's threat to their power
00:13:39 – merchants and missionaries these early Europeans have set a course which would
00:13:44 – eventually run into unexpected consequences to endure the rigors of
00:14:11 – never-ending training to remain clear minded in the face of grave danger to
00:14:17 – face death matter-of-factly this is the art of kendo the way of the sword master
00:14:28 – swordsmen taught young samurai the skills of sword fighting and the
00:14:32 – traditions of a samurai code of honor
00:14:36 – this was the education the young EARC would receive even as a hostage when you
00:14:43 – took a hostage in a certain place they were usually treated very cordially and
00:14:48 – they were given education just as they would be given atone
00:14:57 – he probably had a very stoic Spartan kind of education taught military skills
00:15:05 – martial arts and Chinese classics Japanese classics the entire life of yes
00:15:13 – was that of patience and forbearance people say the young hostage Tokugawa
00:15:25 – Ieyasu would learn what it meant to be a samurai adopter stands with the head
00:15:34 – erect either hanging down nor looking up nor twisted do not roll your eyes nor
00:15:41 – allow them to blink but slightly narrow them brace your abdomen so that you do
00:15:47 – not bend at the hips
00:15:52 – a legendary swordsman Miyamoto Musashi would preserve the way of the samurai in
00:15:58 – a classic book the Five Rings it was a guide to strategy its philosophy
00:16:03 – embraced in Japan even to this day in all forms of strategy it is necessary to
00:16:11 – maintain the combat stance in everyday life and to make your everyday stance
00:16:16 – your combat stance at age 15 Yasu entered manhood and earned the
00:16:26 – right to carry the two swords of the samurai Patenaude do you know ah we
00:16:38 – don't even know shoujo the sword was the symbol of the samurai class only the
00:16:44 – samurai were authorized to carry two swords a large one and a small one a
00:16:49 – samurai with these two swords ruled over the farmer and the merchant you're born
00:16:56 – into being a samurai it's a responsibility amongst the
00:16:59 – responsibilities of being a song I was always carrying one sword to use to
00:17:04 – enact justice if somebody were rude to you it was your duty to kill them but
00:17:12 – still no saman it would walk around outside without a sword and if they were
00:17:17 – caught without a sword they could be punished for not upholding their duty
00:17:24 – while the samurai class comprised less than 10% of the population their
00:17:29 – presents loomed larger than life even the missionaries wrote as it for samurai
00:17:34 – with a whole of society they carry a sword and dagger both inside and outside
00:17:41 – the house and lay them at their pillows when they sleep never in my life have I
00:17:46 – met people who rely so much on their arms they are very warlike and are
00:17:51 – always involved in Wars and thus the ablest man becomes their greatest Lord
00:17:58 – it was not only the men who swore to uphold this ideal samurai women were
00:18:04 – also trained to protect their family the most important thing about samurais
00:18:11 – daughters or wives was never to forget the honor and the pride as samurais
00:18:19 – daughter in crisis there had to be prepared to kill themselves rather than
00:18:27 – be ashamed disgraced by the enemies
00:18:46 – the samurai defended his home and family but his true glory came on the
00:18:51 – battlefield defending his lord against enemies the samurai dressed carefully
00:19:17 – for combat the finely stitched fabric and leather appeared elegant even
00:19:22 – fragile unseen were the tightly woven plates of Steel much like his protective
00:19:31 – armor a warrior's refined appearance concealed his impenetrable inner core
00:19:36 – this ethic preserved in writings of the samurai would prepare the warrior to
00:19:41 – meet life and death with honor our samurai would wash himself with cold
00:19:52 – water every morning sent the shaven top of his head in hair with incense to make
00:19:56 – himself presentable he was ready to be killed in battle at any moment cherry
00:20:05 – blossoms are often compared to the samurai they're a beautiful sight like
00:20:12 – the warrior in his shiny armor but it takes only one big storm for the petals
00:20:19 – to fall to the ground just like the warrior in battle
00:20:40 – for Samurai as important as knowing h********** was knowing how and when to die
00:20:49 – in the battlefield especially your last moment of life you
00:20:56 – have to show your control the controlling your body controlling your
00:21:01 – destiny faith is the vindication indication of
00:21:07 – your internal strength so it's a last moment that you have to stage your dis
00:21:17 – seppuku or harakiri is the ritual of suicide as practiced by samurai samurai
00:21:28 – warrior carried two swords on his hip a long one and a short one the short sword
00:21:34 – was for cutting open his abdomen why would a somewhat I could open his
00:21:38 – abdomen well Japanese especially samurai believed that the heart was in the belly
00:21:44 – they believe that whether their heart was pure or impure would be revealed
00:21:49 – when they disemboweled themselves from the death poem to the final thrust of
00:21:57 – the dagger seppuku is a ceremonial ritual of suicide ensuring an honorable
00:22:02 – death
00:22:10 – jawoll rodriguez wrote of a man who committed the ritual of seppuku
00:22:18 – the samurai dressed in the customary white kimono solemnly and with great
00:22:23 – dignity mounted a raised platform then in a loud voice he told them to watch
00:22:36 – him carefully as he cut himself open
00:22:45 – he seated himself and wrote his will slowly and calmly asking his Lord to
00:22:51 – look after his son and family for he was going to die on account of his honor
00:23:01 – he bade farewell and then in front of them all he fearlessly cut his belly and
00:23:08 – so he died this sort of thing often happens
00:23:33 – there is timing in everything timing in strategy cannot be mastered without a
00:23:39 – great deal of practice there is timing in the whole life of the warrior in his
00:23:47 – thriving and declining in his harmony and Accord these are the enduring
00:23:53 – principles which guided the life of the samurai warrior for Tokugawa Ieyasu
00:23:59 – patience strategizing would become his most powerful weapon
00:24:04 – he was now of age 18 years old and married with two children but he was
00:24:09 – still a hostage of the ruling daimyo warlord
00:24:23 – as time passed EOS has strengthened his skills as a warrior fighting alongside
00:24:28 – his daimyo Master when his master was killed in battle he a ASSA was finally
00:24:35 – free to determine his own destiny yes was put in a position to have to make a
00:24:43 – decision at some point whether to go along with the hostess family but at all
00:24:51 – times he never forgot his ambition to go back to his original castle and to
00:24:56 – regain all the territory that his father's family had and to expand and to
00:25:04 – go back to his retainers who were faithfully waiting for
00:25:18 – Ieyasu reclaimed his title as an independent Lord a daimyo
00:25:30 – he returned to his family estate he could now fight on his own terms for his
00:25:37 – own people
00:25:41 – I fought against my enemies solely in order that I might take my revenge on my
00:25:46 – father's adversaries because I was convinced of the rightness of my
00:25:50 – intention to help the people and bring peace to the land the years of captivity
00:25:56 – had honed his discipline according to his samurai training he now carefully
00:26:02 – plotted his strategy
00:26:07 – in a crucial move Ieyasu allied himself with the man who killed his daimyo
00:26:12 – Master Oda Nobunaga
00:26:20 – Nobunaga had become the most powerful warlord in Japan feared and ruthless the
00:26:31 – missionary Asia while Rodriguez documented Nobunaga's campaign to unify
00:26:35 – Japan Nobunaga was the first to begin cutting
00:26:39 – through the thick forest of wars and discord in Japan he subdued about half
00:26:44 – the country and fear of him made the remaining part ready to obey Him in
00:26:49 – anything
00:27:08 – in the Battle of Naga Shino Nobunaga armed 3,000 of his foot soldiers three
00:27:14 – ranks deep
00:27:25 – as 10,000 enemy warriors charged Nobunaga's Musketeers fired in
00:27:31 – succession decimating the opposing army
00:27:42 – Nobunaga's innovations in the use of firearms completely changes the face of
00:27:47 – samurai warfare the old idea was where you would have two samurai meet on the
00:27:53 – field of battle they would shout out their names and their lineages where
00:27:57 – they were from sometimes one would ride out in front of all these troops and and
00:28:01 – challenge someone to come and defeat him so it was it was very manly it was
00:28:08 – imbued with the ideal of valor
00:28:16 – now you have faceless ranks of samurai shooting other faceless ranks of samurai
00:28:27 – Nobunaga continued to amass power until one night treachery within his inner
00:28:32 – circle caught him off guard a missionary was near by some Christians came just as
00:28:45 – I was vesting to say an early Mass and told me to wait because there was a
00:28:49 – commotion in front of the palace with once began to hear musket shots and see
00:28:55 – flames we learned that it had not been a brawl
00:28:58 – but that one of his generals had turned traitor some say he cut his belly while
00:29:07 – others believe that he set fire to the palace and perished into flames
00:29:10 – what we do know however is that of this man who made everyone trembled not only
00:29:16 – at the sound of his voice but at the mention of his name they did not remain
00:29:21 – even a small hair which was not reduced to dust and ashes as the flames burned
00:29:30 – Nobunaga's loyal general Toyotomi Hideyoshi seized the moment
00:29:38 – Hideyoshi immediately springs into action murdering the murderer of his own
00:29:44 – lord which then gives him the new right in essence to claim leadership of
00:29:48 – Nobunaga's vast coalition of armies
00:30:01 – ei arson watched from a distance would he subordinate himself to Hideo she's
00:30:08 – command or was it time to fight for control
00:30:25 – Nobunaga Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu these were the men who would bring an
00:30:32 – end to the brutal civil wars they would go down in history as the unifiers
00:30:38 – there's a story in Japanese that explains the character of the three
00:30:43 – unifiers and Nobunaga Hideyoshi and das who are watching a cuckoo bird waiting
00:30:49 – for it to sing but the bird doesn't sing and Nobunaga says little bird if you
00:30:54 – don't sing I will kill you and Hideo she says little bird if you don't sing I'll
00:31:01 – make you sing and he asked her says little bird if you don't sing I'll wait
00:31:07 – for you to sing an da asif is a patient strategist who will wait for things to
00:31:15 – go his way and then he'll act after Nobunaga's death
00:31:19 – Ieyasu and Hideyoshi faced off in a measured game of strategy each in his
00:31:25 – own way trying to outsmart the other Boojum pastino dee da silva missile Cara
00:31:32 – same point that as a military leader Ieyasu was a courageous man who never
00:31:39 – hesitated in battle however though he was brave he was also cautious one
00:31:45 – famous story the acid was known as an excellent Horseman one day he and his
00:31:51 – troops had to cross a very narrow bridge over a raging river
00:31:55 – everyone was watching to see how the great Hiaasen would ride his horse over
00:31:58 – this dangerous bridge to his men surprise
00:32:01 – he also dismounted took the horses reins in his hands and carefully led the horse
00:32:07 – over the bridge to the other side of the river
00:32:09 – that's how vigilant he was I believe this kind of caution helped him to be
00:32:15 – victorious in battle while ei us who practiced restraint and careful
00:32:23 – strategizing Hideyoshi acted quickly and decisively Hideyoshi was from peasant
00:32:31 – stock the son of a lowly foot soldier he worked his way up through the ranks
00:32:37 – Hideyoshi became known as a brilliant general and he held the same grand
00:32:41 – vision of himself when my mother conceived me she was given a miraculous
00:32:47 – omen on the very night that I was born the room was suddenly aglow with
00:32:53 – sunlight thirst changing night today finally they divined the child whose
00:32:58 – birth was attended by these miracles was destined to become a man of unusual
00:33:03 – attainment this prediction is fulfilled in me shortly after Hideyoshi took
00:33:11 – control Ieyasu challenged him but EA us who soon realized there was more to be
00:33:18 – gained as he died oh she's a lie then as his enemy
00:33:33 – Hideyoshi rewarded Yasu for his loyalty with a vast domain of land and ordered
00:33:39 – him to make his headquarters in the remote fishing village of Edo 300 miles
00:33:43 – east of Hideo she's Castle in Osaka some might have thought the gift and insult
00:33:54 – but in Edo the village that would later become Tokyo ea also busied his troops
00:34:00 – building a massive five-story castle fortification
00:34:36 – within the walls of the city of Osaka Hideyoshi was consumed with fortifying
00:34:41 – his own castle reputed to be the most impregnable fortress of its time it was
00:34:50 – also one of the most ostentatious
00:34:57 – osaka castle had a strategic location close to the emperor's palace in nearby
00:35:02 – kyoto for centuries the emperor had remained a ruler in name only ignored by
00:35:09 – those who truly held power he wild away his days with court gossip calligraphy
00:35:15 – and poetry by EI haces time the court is still powerless but it is only the court
00:35:25 – which can appoint the children so in the ultimate symbolic sense the court is
00:35:31 – still the arbiter of final resort that's why all the Warlord's are aiming for
00:35:37 – Kyoto you have to get the Emperor to recognize that you're the most powerful
00:35:41 – of all of the combatants on the field of battle
00:35:51 – Hideyoshi curried the Emperor's favor inviting him to no plays and musical
00:35:56 – performances but the emperor would not grant this warrior of peasant stock the
00:36:03 – title of Shogun
00:36:09 – Yasu never relinquished his desire for power he offered the emperor more than
00:36:14 – invitations he arranged the marriage of one of his granddaughter's to the
00:36:18 – Emperor's son all of the lords in Japan used family to cement political
00:36:24 – alliances you would marry off daughters or area of sons what he a a** who did in
00:36:29 – particular was have an abundance of sons that he could use he could set them up
00:36:34 – to support his nascent government he could set them up as independent
00:36:40 – military lords that he could then call upon for help in contrast ei haces rival
00:36:50 – Hideyoshi failed to produce a male heir
00:36:54 – finally he adopted a nephew and groomed him as his successor then at sixty years
00:37:01 – of age Hideyoshi finally fathered a son of his own he called him Heda Yuri and
00:37:06 – he was the jewel of his life Hideo she's thoughts now turned to the safety and
00:37:12 – survival of his young son I cannot describe the endless tedium as if I were
00:37:19 – guarding an empty house when he day Ori is not here with me
00:37:23 – I say again strictly ordered that all be vigilant against fire each night have
00:37:29 – someone make the rounds of the rooms two or three times as Hideyoshi obsessed
00:37:35 – over his own son his adopted son now an a**** was in peril it's clear that by
00:37:41 – the end of his life he do she was acting more and more erratically he became
00:37:46 – increasingly cruel if not sadistic then when he finally in his final years
00:37:52 – produced an air of his own he ordered this a**** male who had been his heir to
00:37:58 – commit suicide
00:38:01 – Hideyoshi then ordered his adopted sons entire family put to death a missionary
00:38:10 – recounted they were drawn along the streets in the carts the open view of
00:38:16 – the world 31 ladies and gentlewomen with the two sons and one daughter of his
00:38:21 – adopted son the oldest of whom was not more than five years old
00:38:25 – all their bodies were thrown into a pit before which was built a little chapel
00:38:30 – with a two-minute with this inscription the tomb of the traitors soon after he
00:38:46 – died Oh sheez health began to fail he wrote his death poem as the do I fall
00:38:54 – has the zhuhai vanish even Osaka fortress is a dream within a dream
00:39:04 – Hideyoshi then called Yasu and four of the most powerful
00:39:08 – daimyo to his deathbed he appointed them legal protectors of his five-year-old
00:39:12 – son he died Orie his heir and the future ruler of Japan
00:39:25 – dar su pledged to protect the boy with his own life a pledge that would become
00:39:31 – very difficult to keep
00:39:55 – it is said that war is a curse it is resorted to only when it is inevitable
00:40:01 – however in time of peace do not forget the possibility of disturbances Ieyasu
00:40:10 – was on guard those daimyo who feared his growing power began to plot against him
00:40:19 – ei haces territory now extended throughout most of Japan he was
00:40:25 – determined to maintain his holdings and expand his base of power one of the
00:40:30 – a**** nicknames is the old badger and it reflects his craftiness as well as his
00:40:36 – famed ability to wait and he waits until after Hideo she is dead until he has a
00:40:42 – clear preponderance of power and then makes his move to become the dominant
00:40:48 – military leader in Japan
00:40:52 – ei us who mobilized his troops he sent one division to ogaki castle where his
00:41:00 – enemies were gathering when the battle began women and children rushed to
00:41:09 – safety EAS is sent a large force to lay siege to the castle and they fought day
00:41:17 – and night one of the young girls at the castle later told her family of the
00:41:23 – terrifying experience those concubines and daughters all stayed in the tower
00:41:29 – and cast bullets on the spot it was a cruel sight indeed it was we felt as if
00:41:46 – we should die there was nothing but fear and horror left as the battle wore on
00:41:53 – heads of slain warriors were brought to the castle to be prepared for the ritual
00:41:57 – presentation to the victor it was believed that even in death the samurai
00:42:03 – should be viewed as a worthy opponent those people who are in the castle would
00:42:10 – watch the heads and they'll put some cosmetics on the face of the dead
00:42:14 – corpses because they were proof of having killed someone important that was
00:42:21 – part of them there is no part of what they did which is inconceivable to you
00:42:28 – know as modern people know more than women all the decapitated heads were
00:42:34 – brought into the tower we weren't a bit afraid of the heads and used to sleep in
00:42:39 – the midst of the nasty smell of b***** heads
00:42:49 – victorious that ogaki castle ei haces troops now pursued the rebellious daimyo
00:42:54 – and their armies
00:43:00 – they faced off in a narrow Valley just west of the village of Sekigahara this
00:43:07 – would be the battle that changed the course of Japanese history yay us who
00:43:16 – set up his command post atop a hill overlooking the valley waiting through
00:43:21 – the night for the rest of his armies to arrive at dawn ei haces attendant
00:43:30 – physician hastily noted in his journal slight rain dense fog in the mountain
00:43:37 – valley can't see barely made out enemy banners on horseback Lord Ieyasu made
00:43:45 – out their positions estimate distance at two and a half miles ei ASSA was
00:43:51 – outnumbered with only 50,000 troops challenging his enemies 80,000 he waited
00:43:58 – for his son to arrive with reinforcements
00:44:05 – but at 8:00 in the morning the fog suddenly lifted and the two opposing
00:44:09 – armies found themselves within striking distance
00:44:14 – Yasu could wait no more rallying his troops it was said he sent them forward
00:44:20 – with his famous battle cry there are only two ways to come back from the
00:44:25 – battlefield with the head of an enemy or without your own
00:44:52 – ei arson watched as his troops faced what seemed insurmountable odds
00:45:10 – then suddenly the tide turned several enemy daimyo and their armies convinced
00:45:16 – of he a**** ultimate victory defected and joined EAS whose forces by 2 p.m.
00:45:26 – EAS whose troops had defeated the rebellious army
00:45:33 – so stick sticking out amigo kagura's victory at Sega Hara brought an end to
00:45:40 – the warring States and signaled the beginning of a new era that's the
00:45:44 – significance of the Battle of Sekigahara
00:45:50 – in recognition of Ieyasu's power the Emperor awarded him the title of Shogun
00:45:56 – the Barbarian subduing Generalissimo Tokugawa Ieyasu now had the authority to
00:46:03 – rule Japan in all military matters
00:46:11 – he ruled unchallenged but always there was the specter of Hideyoshi's young son
00:46:16 – he de re growing up in Osaka Castle Ieyasu had sworn with his life to
00:46:22 – protect the boy the boy who could someday lay claim to
00:46:25 – all Ieyasu had won as the young boy he died or II approached manhood a daimyo
00:46:40 – warned although he is neither Yoshi's heir
00:46:44 – yes who will never let him ruin pen sooner or later some ambitious character
00:46:50 – will foment rebellion in his name and even if he already knows nothing about
00:46:55 – it he will be blamed have forced to commit suicide to the grief of
00:47:00 – Hideyoshi's ghost now the tofu gods had no divine right to rule Japan they ruled
00:47:08 – Japan because they were the most powerful they had the most money they
00:47:13 – had the most soldiers but they had no divine right and there were many other
00:47:16 – powerful daimyo especially in the West the Christian daimyo and so if there
00:47:23 – were any philosophy and a political movement that would bring these Dino
00:47:28 – together as a coalition against the Tokugawa family that was very dangerous
00:47:34 – Tokugawa Ieyasu tolerated no dissent he expelled many of the foreign
00:47:39 – missionaries including schwow Rodriguez
00:47:44 – yes who wanted to clear the board of all these foreign influences which were just
00:47:51 – maddening the waters making life more complicated he even ordered all
00:47:56 – Christian activity among the Japanese halted but still he faced the only true
00:48:01 – threat to his power the young-hee day Orie
00:48:06 – by the time he reaches adulthood he D or e can no longer be ignored by yeah so
00:48:12 – he's a threat simply because he exists he is the legitimate heir of Hideyoshi
00:48:18 – yay ah sue is supposed to be supporting him until he until he becomes an a****
00:48:23 – and he poses an intrinsic threat to the legitimacy of the tokugawa shogunate ei
00:48:32 – us who came to but one conclusion he could no longer honor his pledge to a
00:48:36 – dead ally to protect his son he I also decided to go into battle once more it
00:48:45 – was obviously going to be another showdown and the many many many samurai
00:48:51 – in their thousands and these were hard bitten warriors they still owed loyalty
00:48:59 – to Hideyoshi's family and of course they owed just as much loyalty to his son so
00:49:07 – they gathered in Osaka Castle and also Castle was a very very very strong
00:49:11 – castle it was considered impregnable
00:49:35 – in the winter of 1614 ei ah so accused he de re of subversion and ordered his
00:49:41 – troops to advance against Osaka Castle
00:49:54 – he D re supporters nearly 100,000 held strong
00:50:08 – dar su retaliated with a devious plan he sent a woman samurai to negotiated
00:50:14 – truce with he diores mother
00:50:22 – Ieyasu offered a safe haven for he de horas
00:50:26 – garrison if in return he agreed not to mount further rebellion against EA haces
00:50:31 – rule to prove his intentions EA us who signed the pledge in blood he de auras
00:50:42 – mother convinced her son to accept the offer var Sue's ploy had worked as soon
00:50:55 – as the fighting stopped Ieyasu began to fill in the mouths of
00:50:59 – obstacle course of the deep moves and the people in the osaka castle protested
00:51:03 – a lot that was not in the agreement but that didn't matter they filled in the
00:51:08 – moats and once the moats were filled in then ieyasu's troops would storm into
00:51:14 – the castle and there was a dreadful slaughter
00:51:44 – thousands of defeated soldiers women and children fled the casstle compound
00:51:54 – a European merchants recorded the event in his journal we had news today that de
00:52:00 – Yasu hath taken the fortress of Osaka and overthrown the forces of Hideyori
00:52:07 – they say the taking of this fortress has cost about 100,000 lives and that no
00:52:15 – dead man of account is found with his head on but all cut off
00:52:23 – yeaaaah Sue's army set the castle on fire
00:52:35 – as the flames raged around him he de re refused to surrender and was left with
00:52:40 – no other option he committed seppuku
00:52:55 – there's one big problem with killing udre however and that's that
00:53:00 – eyassa was supposed to be his supporter and it's a very realistic cold-blooded
00:53:05 – strategy but he wanted to establish a dynasty that would last through the ages
00:53:14 – there is reason to believe that yay ah so genuinely regretted having to kill
00:53:21 – the son of his former Lord Yasuo is said to have paid penance by writing the name
00:53:28 – of the Buddha 10,000 times on Scrolls of parchment
00:53:41 – tokugawa ieyasu had wiped out the last threats to his power or so it seemed but
00:53:48 – not everyone was under his control there were the Western traders who he valued
00:53:53 – but mistrusted and the Christians who he considered a threat Tokugawa Ieyasu had
00:54:00 – won the wars his struggle to control the future of Japan had just begun
00:55:08 – you

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